UN weighs measure demanding immediate cease-fire in Libya

A video grab shows fighters riding atop an armored vehicle in Tripoli on Tuesday. (AFP)
Updated 17 April 2019

UN weighs measure demanding immediate cease-fire in Libya

  • Council ‘demands that all parties in Libya immediately de-escalate the situation’

NEW YORK: Britain has presented a draft resolution to the UN Security Council demanding an immediate cease-fire in Libya after forces loyal to Khalifa Haftar launched an offensive on Tripoli, according to the text obtained by AFP on Tuesday.

The proposed measure said the offensive by Haftar’s Libyan National Army (LNA) “threatens the stability of Libya and prospects for a United Nations-facilitated political dialogue and a comprehensive political solution to the crisis.”

The council “demands that all parties in Libya immediately de-escalate the situation, commit to a cease-fire, and engage with the United Nations to ensure a full and comprehensive cessation of hostilities throughout Libya,” the draft says.

Dozens of people have been killed and more than 18,000 displaced since fighting broke out on April 4.

Britain circulated the text late Monday and a first round of negotiations is to be held immediately, diplomats said.

Britain hopes to bring the measure to a vote at the council before Friday, but diplomats said it remained unclear whether negotiations on the measure would wrap up that quickly.

Resolutions adopted by the council are legally binding.

The proposed measure echoed a call for a cease-fire by UN Secretary-General Antonio Guterres, who was in Libya to personally advance prospects for a political solution when the offensive was launched.

Haftar has declared he wants to seize the capital, now controlled by a UN-recognized government and an array of militias.

Haftar backs a rival administration based in eastern Libya that is refusing to recognize the authority of the Tripoli government.

The draft resolution calls on all sides in Libya “immediately to re-commit” to UN peace efforts and urges all member-states “to use their influence over the parties” to see that the resolution is respected.

Diplomats have long complained that foreign powers backing rival sides in Libya threatened to turn the conflict into a proxy war.

Russia and France, two permanent council members, have praised Haftar’s battlefield successes in defeating Libyan armed groups aligned with Daesh in the south of the country.

Haftar’s offensive on the capital forced the UN to postpone a national conference that was to draw up a roadmap to elections, meant to turn the page on years of chaos since the 2011 ouster of Muammar Qaddafi.

Guterres has said that serious negotiations on Libya’s future cannot resume without a cease-fire.

Meanwhile, traumatized men, women and children are living in cramped huts at a shut-down factory in the Libyan capital that used to house workers but are now makeshift shelter for civilians uprooted by conflict.

More than 18,000 people have been displaced, according to the UN.

Many been unable to leave the southern districts of Tripoli, trapped by non-stop shelling and gunbattles where the advance has been stopped for now by Tripoli forces.

Streets have been changing hands as both sides have been unable to gain significant ground, leaving families trapped near the frontline seeking shelter with neighbors.

Among those who got out was 19-year-old Ali, who fled with his family and is now living in a hut built for men making truck trailers at the now defunct factory.

“We were evacuated from our home after three days of clashes,” Ali said. “This shirt I’m wearing is the only item of clothing I have.”

He is a former fighter for one of the myriad of armed groups that have dominated life in Libya since the overthrow of Muammar Qaddafi in 2011, filling the political and security vacuum.

Wounded in fighting last summer, he quit the group.

“They paid me 100 dinars ($70) a day ... now I’m broke but this is better than fighting,” he said.

Some 47 families are housed in the camp with up to six individuals to each small room.

The factory itself if a victim of the chaos that has reigned in Libya as foreign firms pulled out since 2011 and workplaces closed.

One mother at the factory was away on a pilgrimage in Saudi Arabia when the latest fighting broke out. She came straight from Tripoli airport to the shelter to be with the rest of her family who had fled their home.

“My family managed to bring the family papers but not my jewelry,” she said, sitting next to her daughter on a mattress on the floor, her head in her hands.

Her father, suffering from Parkinson’s, only muttered: “What can we do?“

In another hut, 34-year-old housewife Nabila Ayad Al-Ammari prayed for the friends she had left behind.

Libyan commander marching on capital dismisses negotiations

Updated 20 June 2019

Libyan commander marching on capital dismisses negotiations

  • Khalifa Haftar vows that his fighters will get rid of ‘terrorist militias’

CAIRO: A Libyan commander, whose forces are fighting to take the country’s capital of Tripoli from militias allied with a UN-backed government based there, has dismissed an initiative by its prime minister for negotiations to end the crisis.

Instead, Khalifa Haftar vowed in comments to a news website on Wednesday that his fighters would press on with the weeks-long offensive until Tripoli is rid of what he described as “terrorist militias.”

“Our military operations will not stop” until Tripoli is taken, Haftar told almarsad.co.

“The situation is excellent and I call on the Libyans to ignore rumors about our withdrawal,” Haftar said in interviews with Libyan news websites The Address and The Observer published overnight Wednesday to Thursday.

The offensive to seize the capital “will not stop before all its objectives are reached,” he said.

The campaign by Haftar’s Liberation National Army has raised fears of another bout of violence after the 2011 uprising that toppled and killed longtime ruler Muammar Qaddafi. Since then, the country has sunk into chaos, with rival administrations in the east and the west, and an array of forces and militias allied with either side.

On Monday, the World Health Organization reported the latest casualty tolls for the fighting in and around Tripoli, saying 691 people have been killed so far, including 41 civilians, and 4,012 wounded, 135 of them civilians.

The head of the Tripoli-based government, Prime Minister Fayez Al-Sarraj, told a news conference on Sunday he is proposing a “Libyan forum,” aimed at finding a peaceful solution to the conflict.

The talks would draw up a roadmap for parliamentary and presidential elections to be held before the end of 2019, Al-Sarraj said. 

In his remarks to the news website, Haftar dismissed Al-Sarraj’s initiative and criticized him as an ineffective leader.

“Initiatives have no meaning unless they are brave and carry clear clauses that address the causes of the crisis and its very roots,” Haftar said.

Haftar has presented himself as someone able to restore stability. In recent years, his campaign against militants across Libya won him growing international support from world leaders who say they are concerned the North African country has turned into a haven for armed groups, and a major conduit for migrants bound for Europe.