Middle East oil shipping cost hikes hit Asian buyers

The port of Fujairah in the UAE. Attacks on tankers in the Gulf of Oman have raised security concerns — and costs. (AFP)
Updated 04 July 2019
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Middle East oil shipping cost hikes hit Asian buyers

  • Freight rates for very large crude carriers from Gulf oil terminals to Asian ports jump 30%

LONDON: Asian oil refiners are being squeezed by rising freight rates and insurance costs for shipping crude from the Middle East after attacks on ships in the Gulf last month, industry officials and analysts said.

The Middle East accounts for more than two-thirds of Asia’s oil supply and the attacks on tankers in the Gulf of Oman on June 13 have heightened security concerns among oil companies and shippers operating in the region.

The war risk insurance premium (WRP) for ships traveling in the Gulf has risen tenfold as a result, according to industry participants. Meanwhile, the freight rates for very large crude carriers (VLCC) from Gulf oil terminals to Asian ports have jumped about 30 percent since the attacks, according to Refinitiv data.

“Earlier it (WRP) was virtually nil for a VLCC as we were paying about $15,000-$20,000 and now this has gone up to $150,000 to $200,000,” said an official at Indian Oil Corp. (IOC).

The IOC official said that its WRP has gone up to 0.4 percent from 0.04 percent while the Petroleum Association of Japan (PAJ) said late last month that the insurance rate had risen to 0.25 percent from 0.025 percent.

The WRP is set as a percentage of the ship’s value, said multiple trading sources, adding that the newer the ships are, the higher the insurance cost will be.

Since June 12, the cost of shipping crude from the Saudi Arabian port of Ras Tanura in the Gulf to Ningbo, China, on a VLCC has surged 27 percent to $1.24 a barrel, Refinitiv data showed. In that same period and using the same type of vessel, moving crude from the UAE to the Indian port of Visakhapatnam has climbed 37 percent and from Kuwait to Singapore by 24 percent, the data showed. 

A trader at a Chinese refinery said the jump in freight rates were still manageable at this point.

“In the short-term, freight rates are not likely to go further up because demand for shipping capacity is weak,” said Georgi S. Slavov, head of research at UK brokerage Marex Spectron.

Still, while freight rates are not expected to rise further, the oil and shipping industry remained wary of the potential for further conflict in the Middle East. “If the current situation lasts long or gets deteriorated, it would eventually affect the overall cost,” Takashi Tsukioka, president of the PAJ, said.

“We are monitoring the situation and have been diversifying crude oil sources to replace Middle East crude oil,” a South Korean refinery official said. “Middle East prices are high but it’s hard to cut Middle East crude oil because we need some Middle East heavy grades.”


Libya’s NOC confirms 290,000 bpd production at Sharara offline

Updated 58 min 38 sec ago
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Libya’s NOC confirms 290,000 bpd production at Sharara offline

  • NOC said it was conducting a full-scale investigation into suspected closed valves in the Hamada area
  • It also said in a statement that production from El Feel oilfield was unaffected by the incident

LONDON: Libya’s National Oil Corporation confirmed on Saturday that production at its 290,000 barrels per day El Sharara oilfield was currently offline.
NOC said it was conducting a full-scale investigation into suspected closed valves in the Hamada area.
It also said in a statement that production from El Feel oilfield was unaffected by the incident.
Sources earlier told Reuters that production at El Sharara had halted on Friday due to a valve closure on the pipeline linking the field to Zawiya.