KSA improves real estate transparency
KSA improves real estate transparency
Strong advances over the past two years have seen Saudi Arabia (63rd) and Egypt (65th) move into the dynamic ‘semi-transparent’ group, which is largely dominated by large emerging markets, including the BRIC countries (Brazil, Russia, India and China) and all four of the fast-growing MIST economies (Mexico, Indonesia, South Korea and Turkey).
Dubai (48th) has retained its position as the most transparent real estate market in the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) region, with Abu Dhabi (59th) following closely behind, according to the report.
“This is very good news for Saudi Arabia,” said Jamil Ghaznawi, national director and country head of JLL Saudi Arabia.
“Moving into this category for the first time shows the advances the Kingdom is making and is an indication of the focus the country has on strengthening corporate governance, transparency and market data.”
The 10 countries identified as ‘highly transparent’ by GRETI account for 75 percent of global investment into commercial real estate, highlighting the extent to which transparency drives real estate investment decisions.
A number of key factors are driving progress and frame the broader issues raised by both high and low transparency:
l Capital allocations to real estate are growing. JLL forecasts that within the next decade in excess of $1 trillion will be targeting the sector, compared to $700 billion now. This growth means investors are demanding further improvements in real estate transparency, expecting standards in real estate to be on a par with other asset classes.
l There is a growing recognition that transparent real estate practices play a significant role in capital formation, municipal finance, and as a foundation to improve the quality of life in many communities. This foundation includes security of property ownership, safe housing and workplaces and the ability to trust agents to act honestly and professionally.
l Technology is both a driver of the digitization of all kinds of real estate data and also an enabler in disseminating and analyzing this data; improvements in data capture techniques are allowing a more granular and timely assessment of real estate markets.
The formation of real estate committees in Saudi Arabia’s chambers of commerce has highlighted the issue of low transparency in the market and encouraged more action toward addressing the issue.
As a result, there has been some mild improvement in ‘open data’ platforms such as registering property transactions with the Ministry of Justice which is then shared publicly on its website.
“Saudi Arabia is now positioned in a very dynamic tier, which is considered the most improved transparency group, and a category which is seeing growing middle classes mobilizing against corrupt practices,” added Ghaznawi.
The JLL report highlights a number of factors which will influence real estate transparency in the next several years:
l Revelations of the Panama Papers in early 2016 have led to mounting pressures for greater real estate transparency and put the fight against corruption decisively on the international political agenda.
l New data capture techniques get adopted, the pressure mounts for real estate to raise the bar and achieve even higher levels of transparency.
l The mounting intolerance of corruption within the world’s growing middle classes will force the pace of change, especially among the Semi-Transparent countries, and social media will help people mobilize around this issue.
l Technology will continue to advance and will allow some countries to leapfrog the traditional route to transparency; we are already seeing this happen in places like Kenya, Ghana and Ecuador.
l There will be greater emphasis on regulatory reform, but also on enforcement, particularly in semi-transparent markets where the greatest disconnect currently exists.