AGENCE FRANCE PRESSE
Published — Friday 14 December 2012
Last update 15 December 2012 1:36 am
KARACHI: Pakistan's central bank yesterday lowered its benchmark interest rate by 0.5 percentage points to 9.5 percent, in the light of a fall in inflation.
Year-on-year inflation stood at 6.9 percent in November, the State Bank of Pakistan said in a statement, a faster fall than had been estimated. Food inflation dropped to 5.3 percent and non-food inflation to 8.1 percent.
"This broad based deceleration in inflation is now expected to keep the average inflation for this fiscal year (ending June 30) below the 9.5 percent target for the year," the SBP statement said.
The bank issued a warning about the country's external position, saying substantial debt repayments to the International Monetary Fund had contributed to a decline in foreign exchange reserves from $10.8 billion at the end of June to $8.6 billion.
The Pakistani rupee has fallen by 3.3 percent against the dollar since June, the bank said.
It said that "stressed external position has implications for the rest of the economy". The decline in foreign exchange reserves "is causing contraction in rupee liquidity".
"A depreciating currency is also affecting the size of the outstanding external debt in rupee terms and thus has implications for the fiscal position."
The central bank has now slashed its benchmark interest rate by 250 basis points, from 12 percent to 9.5 percent, since August.