Arab leaders renew economic unity pledge as summit comes to a close

Updated 24 January 2013

Arab leaders renew economic unity pledge as summit comes to a close

Arab leaders attending yesterday’s concluding session of the third Arab Economic and Social Development Summit renewed their commitment to fully implement the decisions made at the two previous summits in Kuwait in 2009 and at Sharm El-Sheikh in 2011.
They also agreed to hold the next summit in Tunisia in 2015.
The two-day summit, organized by the Arab League was hosted by the Kingdom with the Custodian of the Two Holy Mosques, King Abdullah, as its Chairman.
On behalf of Custodian of the Two Holy Mosques, King Abdullah, Crown Prince Salman, deputy premier and minister of defense took over the chairmanship from his predecessor, Muhammad Mursi, at the commencement of the summit on Monday.
Leaders from countries including Saudi Arabia, UAE, Egypt, Iraq, Jordan, Lebanon, Kuwait, Qatar, Bahrain, the Sultanate of Oman, Morocco, Tunisia, Algeria, Sudan, Palestine, Yemen, Libya, Mauritania, Somalia, Djibouti, and Comoros Islands attended the meeting held at the King Abdul Aziz International Conference Hall in the capital.
Arab League Secretary General, Nabil Elarabi, who read out the Riyadh declaration, stressed the importance of the speedy implementation of all decisions passed at the two summits.
It also emphasized the determination of the leaders to remove all barriers that stand in the way of inter-Arab trade and support small and medium enterprises in member countries. The leaders have called for strengthening joint Arab work so as to improve the living conditions and welfare of their citizens.
They also welcomed the initiative of the Custodian of the Two Holy Mosques, King Abdullah, on the increase of the capital of joint Arab funds by 50 percent to meet the growing needs for the socio-economic development in the Arab countries.
The King’s initiative also called for an increase of capital in joint Arab companies by, at least, 50 percent in a bid to develop their potential for establishing of joint Arab ventures.
They also encouraged inter-Arab investments which, they said, would create new job opportunities, reduce rates of unemployment, curb poverty levels, and promote Arab investment within their countries to enhance economic development in the Arab region. To encourage the flow of inter-Arab investments, they adopted a unified agreement for a capital fund in Arab countries to boost Arab, regional and international development that would increase the flow of inter-Arab investments and make the region more attractive to investors.
They also expressed a commitment to create a conducive environment for investment in their respective countries.
Also adopted was an Arab strategy for the use of renewable energy (2010-2030) aimed at meeting the growing demand for energy and diversifying sources to meet requirements for sustainable development. The strategy is also intended to set up an Arab market in partnership with the private sector for renewable energy, which will create new job opportunities.
It was also demanded that constructive measures be taken to combat hunger and to provide instant relief in emergency situations arising from food security.
Realizing the importance of healthcare services in the Arab region, the declaration said that the countries should take preventive and curative measures against non-communicable diseases (NCD) such as diabetes, cardiovascular diseases, cancer and chronic respiratory diseases. It was felt that NCD creates a significant burden on the economies and health systems in the Arab countries.
They also urged the implementation of the Riyadh Declaration issued by the International Conference on Healthy Lifestyles and Non-communicable Diseases in the Arab world and the Middle East,” held in Riyadh in December last year.
Besides setting up the Arab Customs Union by 2015, the house also insisted that matters regarding the formation of the Greater Arab Free Trade should be finalized before the end of 2013.

Full text of the Riyadh Declaration


Saudi official provides further, new details on Khashoggi case: Reuters

Updated 21 October 2018

Saudi official provides further, new details on Khashoggi case: Reuters

  • Variation in narrative due to government being given ‘false information reported internally at the time’
  • Reuters interview suggests negotiation team defied orders, resorted to violence and gave body to local cooperator rolled in carpet to get rid of it

RIYADH: A senior Saudi official has given the Reuters news agency additional and new details relating to the case of late Saudi journalist Jamal Khashoggi.

The official, who spoke anonymously, explained that the initial government account had been based on “false information reported internally at the time.”

“Once it became clear these initial mission reports were false, it (the government) launched an internal investigation and refrained from further public comment,” the official said, adding that the investigation is continuing.

After initially denying any involvement in the disappearance of Khashoggi, 59, for two weeks, Saudi Arabia on Saturday morning clarified he had died in a fight at the consulate. Later on, another Saudi official attributed the death to a chokehold, which the senior official reiterated and explained it occurred as the negotiation team tried to prevent Khashoggi from shouting.

Unconfirmed Turkish sources had given numerous news outlets comments which suspect the body of Khashoggi, a Washington Post columnist and critic of some of the recent reform efforts that occurred in the kingdom, was cut up but the Saudi official said it was rolled up in a rug and given to a “local cooperator” for disposal. Asked about allegations that Khashoggi had been tortured and beheaded, he said preliminary results of the investigation did not suggest that.

So, what actually happened?

According to the latest Reuters story, the Saudi official presented what he said were internal intelligence documents which show an initiative to bring back dissidents as well as the specific one involving Khashoggi. He also showed testimony from those involved in what he described as the 15-man team’s cover-up, and the initial results of an internal probe.

According to what Reuters has reported, the Saudi government wanted to convince Khashoggi, who moved to Washington a year ago fearing reprisals for his views, to return to the kingdom as part of a campaign to prevent Saudi dissidents from being recruited by the country’s enemies, the official said.

To that end, the official said, the deputy head of the General Intelligence Presidency, Ahmed al-Asiri, put together a 15-member team from the intelligence and security forces to go to Istanbul, meet Khashoggi at the consulate and try to convince him to return to Saudi Arabia.

“There is a standing order to negotiate the return of dissidents peacefully; which gives them the authority to act without going back to the leadership” the official said.

“Asiri is the one who formed the team and asked for an employee who worked with (Saud) al-Qahtani and who knew Jamal from the time they both worked at the embassy in London,” he said.

The official said Qahtani had signed off on one of his employees conducting the negotiations.


According to the Reuters report, the team could hold Khashoggi in a safe house outside Istanbul for “a period of time” but then release him if he ultimately refused to return to Saudi Arabia, the official said.

Things went wrong from the start as the team overstepped their orders and quickly employed violence, the official said.

Khashoggi was ushered into the consul general’s office where an operative named Maher Mutreb spoke to him about returning to Saudi Arabia, according to the government’s account.

Khashoggi refused and told Mutreb that someone was waiting outside for him and would contact the Turkish authorities if he did not reappear within an hour, the official said.

Khashoggi’s fiancée, Hatice Cengiz, has told Reuters he had handed her his two mobile phones and left instructions that she should wait for him and call an aide to Turkey’s president if he did not reappear.

Back inside the consul’s office, according to the official’s account, Khashoggi told Mutreb he was violating diplomatic norms and said, “What are you going to do with me? Do you intend to kidnap me?”

Mutreb replied, “Yes, we will drug you and kidnap you,” in what the official said was an attempt at intimidation that violated the mission’s objective.

When Khashoggi raised his voice, the team panicked. They moved to restrain him, placing him in a chokehold and covering his mouth, according to the government’s account.

“They tried to prevent him from shouting but he died,” the official said. “The intention was not to kill him.”

Asked if the team had smothered Khashoggi, the official said: “If you put someone of Jamal’s age in this position, he would probably die.”

Missing body

To cover up their misdeed, the team rolled up Khashoggi’s body in a rug, took it out in a consular vehicle and handed it over to a “local cooperator” for disposal, the official said. Forensic expert Salah Tubaigy tried to remove any trace of the incident, the official said.

Turkish officials have told Reuters that Khashoggi’s killers may have dumped his remains in Belgrad Forest adjacent to Istanbul, and at a rural location near the city of Yalova, 90 kilometers (55 miles) south of Istanbul.

Turkish investigators are likely to find out what happened to the body “before long,” a senior official said.

The Saudi official said the local cooperator is an Istanbul resident but would not reveal his nationality. The official said investigators were trying to determine where the body ended up.

Meanwhile, operative Mustafa Madani donned Khashoggi’s clothes, eyeglasses and Apple watch and left through the back door of the consulate in an attempt to make it look like Khashoggi had walked out of the building. Madani went to the Sultanahmet district where he disposed of the belongings.

The official said the team then wrote a false report for superiors saying they had allowed Khashoggi to leave once he warned that Turkish authorities could get involved and that they had promptly left the country before they could be discovered.