Pondicherry: A city the French left behind…

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Updated 19 November 2012

Pondicherry: A city the French left behind…


My seasoned travel mate and I backpacked to a little coastal city tucked between the Bay of Bengal and Arabian Sea known as Pondicherry — and now officially as Puducherry (by which it's rarely addressed) — but affectionately called "Pondy".
Why I enjoy  making a stopover every time I'm headed south of India to this famously dubbed “French Riviera of the East”  is because you don't travel to Pondicherry and go frantically scouring  your travel itinerary for “places to see” and “things to do”. Don’t get me wrong, there are places to see and things to do, but it’s more about soaking up its famed Indo-French culture.
For nearly three centuries before India’s independence, Pondicherry passed through the hands of the Dutch, British and French colonists. While citizens forego a possibility to remain French in 1954, the union territory still retains subtle remnants of the French culture that pervade the small beach town popular with western tourists.
We arrive at Ville Noir — the black town part of the city, and move towards the Promenade where the city beach is located. The change in urbanscape is stark: brick-lined pavements, pastel shaded colonial styled villas, sunny boutique hotels and guest houses, and roads that have still retained their French names. We know now that we've arrived in the French Quarters, or Ville Blanche (white town), as they call it.
We decide to be hosted at a boutique guesthouse located on Dumas street that is run by a  British man and his French wife, one of many European couples who have made Pondicherry their permanent home.
The harmony with which the two cultures have merged since its colonial past begins to rub on us as we move from the Joseph-François Dupleix floor (opening onto the calm, unadulterated view of the sea) to the Mohandas Gandhi Quarters (with its own private library stocked with books on philosophy, new-age lit, art and a large dose of Vogue magazine!)
It’s a hot and humid sunny day, so we grab a bike, map and sunglasses, and leave to navigate  the glories of the colonial past as  the French war memorial, Gandhi and François Dupleix statues erected around the Promenade pass us by.
The Basilica of the Sacred Heart of Jesus – a favorite with Christian pilgrims – is a 17th century church built in Gothic architecture with rare stained glass panels, located on the South Boulevard.
A sense of calm pervades the air as we push through the silent streets with just the right amount of tourist smattering and locals to see the Sri Aurobindo ashram. Although the meditation center generally draws a large crowd of European “spirituality-seeking wannabe yogis”, the sense of time is slow which allows for the real purpose of introspection. It also has guest accommodation with an attached library largely selling books authored by Sri Aurobindo— a philosopher, freedom fighter and spiritualist, and his aide and spiritual collaborator “The Mother”.
A visit to the Pondicherry Museum proves the city’s spectacular past: Carriages and rare Victorian furniture from the 18th century belonging to princes, governors and generals; and other rarities found at archaeological digs in Arikamedu. The highlight of the day remained “Danae”— a sensuous painting by Italian artist Antonio Corregio.
At the French Institute of Pondicherry (which  is usually closed to the public), we counted our lucky stars to have been taken on by a bored but thankfully enthusiastic researcher who allowed us to see (and touch!) a 16th century palm leaf manuscript. The institute is home to some rare palm leaf manuscripts dating back to as early as the 14th century and it carries out research missions in Indology, ecology and social sciences.
When time takes its time, it’s easy to indulge in guilty pleasures: eat, drink and be merry! Eating out here can be quite tricky as the French Quarters are filled with restaurants, bars and cafes that boast both French and Indian cuisines. We found ourselves daily for breakfast and lunch at Baker’s street--a French bakery/café that serves the best quiches, pizzas and pastries in Pondy town.
Coffee is best drunk with a book for company at Coffee.com — a French indoor café/guesthouse serving great coffee and Wi-Fi. I fantasized every night for the remainder of our stay about heading back to the café and making desperate attempts at writing lonely meanderings of the mind…(I blame it on the balmy evening weather).
Café des Arts is another excellent outdoorsy café/bar/restaurant serving the most authentic French food, with an art boutique and reading area that allow for a great mid-evening slump.
Alliance Française — the French cultural center, usually conducts art workshops, film screenings and plays on most evenings. We were lucky to view some spectacular Cannes film festival French movie screenings of this year: Poupoupidou and Delicatessen. The place is great to meet and network with other tourists and like-minded wanderers of the artistic kind.
Nirvana, a boutique store nearby, stocks some amazing kitsch and pop art collectible items, clothes and accessories by local designers that are worth a buy. I was especially impressed with an old rice sack from a company in the early 90s turned into a hot sling bag.
Antique stores in Pondicherry are galore and can easily beckon those with a wider pocket to indulge. I found a rare 15th century two-volume Bible, an heirloom that the storeowner procured from an unmarried Jewish settler in Pondicherry who died two years ago. I promised to come back for the purchase (along with someone qualified to perform carbon dating, of course).
A trip to Pondicherry without visiting Auroville — an international township endorsed by UNESCO and also called “The city of dawn” — is a mistake.
Auroville is home to some of the best virgin beaches, cafes, galleries and hippies backpacking from Israel and Europe.
Its main attraction is the Matri Mandir, an astounding golden dome meditation temple with the world’s optically perfect crystal globe at its center. The structure is located in a beautiful area called Peace that has around 12 gardens in over 22 acres of land, attracting thousands of yogis every year. Entry into the meditation center is restricted by prior appointment and a video orientation program, although visitors have access to the premises that has an interesting book-store, a restaurant serving great herbal teas and Indian food, and boutiques that sell the best in designer products made in Auroville: exotic incense, ayurvedic concoctions, clothes, jewelry and accessories indigenous to the area.
Auroville is an experimental model city that is being built to carry out the spiritual vision of Aurobindo and The Mother to welcome “people from all communities from all around the world who will forget their differences and live in harmony with each other.”
And this is why visiting Pondicherry should be in your top “places to see”. You owe it to yourself: to experience peace and a harmonious co-existence of cultures.

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Riyadh's Al-Masmak fort stands guard over Saudi Arabia’s past

Al-Masmak fort. (AN photo)
Updated 25 April 2018

Riyadh's Al-Masmak fort stands guard over Saudi Arabia’s past

  • The Al-Masmak fort is connected with the recapture of Riyadh in Jan.15, 1902, by the late king
  • The SCTH chief Prince Sultan bin Salman developed the exhibits in Al-Masmak Museum that was started in December 2011 to represent the story of its storming

RIYADH: The Al-Masmak fort in the heart of Riyadh holds a prominent place in Saudi Arabia’s history and — 150 years after being built — is telling the story of the Kingdom’s birth via a 3D virtual tour.

The fort is home to a museum that has become an important historical destination and focal point for state guests as well as foreign visitors and local residents.

“As it is a favorite tourist destination, not only the Saudis and expatriates living here appreciate the majesty of this vast architectural wonder, but it draws interest of visitors from outside the Kingdom as well, and most of the foreign guests who arrive on visit here toured the museum,” Majed Alshadeed, a spokesman for the Saudi Commission for Tourism and National Heritage (SCTH), told Arab News.

“Masmak” in Arabic means the high, fortified, thick and huge — important qualities for a fort that witnessed King Abdul Aziz’s major initiatives in consolidating the Kingdom.

The Al-Masmak fort is connected with the recapture of Riyadh in Jan.15, 1902, by the late king.

However, the story of building Al-Masmak fortress dates back to the reign of Imam Abdullah bin Faisal bin Turki bin Abdullah bin Mohammed bin Saud, who began work on the fort in 1865. 

The use of the fortress changed after King Abdul Aziz recovered Al-Masmak fort in 1902. After its use as a warehouse for ammunition and weapons for two years, it was turned into a prison before being converted into a heritage landmark in the heart of Riyadh.

The the-then Riyadh Gov. Prince Salman bin Abdul Aziz (now King) ordered its upkeep, maintenance and restoration in 1980.

As governor, he led the development of Riyadh from a mid-sized town into a major metropolis in the region and served as an important liaison to attract tourism, capital projects and foreign investment to the Kingdom.

After the proper work the fort was restored to serve as a museum and was inaugurated in 1995 as the Al-Masmak Historical Museum, which tells the story of the Kingdom’s unification and establishment by King Abdul Aziz.

The SCTH, led by Prince Sultan bin Salman, developed the exhibits in Al-Masmak Museum that was started in December 2011 to represent the story of the storming of Masmak and recovery of Riyadh by King Abdul Aziz.

Adding more value to the museum, the SCTH launched a smartphone app for “Virtual Tour via 3D images” of Qasr Al-Masmak or Al-Masmak Palace Museum in March 2016, conjuring up Saudi history digitally to show visitors how the late King Abdul Aziz founded the modern Kingdom. 

Now fans of Saudi tourism, heritage and history can make an online visit to Al-Masmak Museum through a virtual tour, navigating different halls and internal areas through 360-degree camera and 3D images.

The virtual tour allows visitors to view exhibits that highlight the cultural dimension of the Kingdom and its deep-rooted heritage, besides touring the different halls and viewing paintings and photos.

The museum contains photographs, maps, models, display cabinets, old weapons, traditional and heritage objects, exhibition and audiovisual halls.

Each month, the museum receives about 5,000 school students and visitors, with numbers increasing during school breaks.

Since its opening in 1995, more than a million people have visited the museum, according to officials.

Speaking to Arab News, Mohammed Zeyad, a student, said the museum was a special place for those who love history and heritage, and wanted to learn more about the country.

The museum recently hosted a workshop to promote patriotism by highlighting the historic and cultural values of the Kingdom.