UN vote and Fatah-Hamas union
A historic United Nations vote recognizing Palestine as a non-member state should drive political union between the Hamas-ruled Gaza Strip and West Bank where the Palestinian Authority governs, Palestinian officials and experts say.
After the decision of the General Assembly in New York on Thursday, French UN Ambassador Gerard Araud called for “the Palestinians to build on this political success to contribute to the prospects for peace.”
He encouraged them to “continue to fight terrorism and to do everything to put an end to attacks” against Israel, but also to move ahead “toward Palestinian reconciliation, without which the two-state solution is nothing but a mirage.”
Just before the vote, Israel rebuffed the Palestinian demand for recognition, giving among its reasons, the split between the West Bank and the Gaza Strip where the Hamas seized power from Palestinian president Mahmud Abbas’s rival Fatah movement in 2007.
“This resolution will not change the situation on the ground. It will not change the fact that the Palestinian Authority has no control over Gaza,” Israel’s UN ambassador Ron Prosor said.
As West Bankers watched TV news, 174 Gaza Palestinians and six Israelis died in the violence, fostering a climate of Palestinian national unity. Hamas, under the leadership of its exiled leader Khaled Meshaal, officially endorsed Abbas’ UN bid.
Ismail Haniyeh, head of the Hamas government in Gaza, on Friday hailed the UN vote as “a considerable diplomatic and political victory.” “But to translate this resolution into practice and into a physical state, we must continue the resistance and jihad and devote ourselves to Palestinian unity on a strategy of resistance (to Israel),” he added.
Hamas number two, Mussa Abu Marzuk, hailed “a significant political success that will not however change anything on the ground,” calling on Palestinians to unite around a “national program based on resistance.” Otherwise, he said, “we will have a sovereign state on part of our land.”
On the eve of the vote, Hanan Ashrawi, a senior official of the Palestine Liberation Organization, said a temporary committee including PLO non-members Hamas and Islamic Jihad would meet after Abbas’ return from New York.
“These political divisions cannot continue to weaken the Palestinian cause,” she said, referring also to reviving a reconciliation pact signed in 2011 but never implemented.
In a statement on behalf of a group of former world leaders known as “The Elders,” former US President Jimmy Carter said that the international community “should encourage Fatah and Hamas to reconcile their differences and work together for Palestinian unity.”
Mukhaimer Abu Saada, professor of political science at Gaza’s Al-Azhar University, said that unity would be a great accomplishment, especially with enhanced UN status, “so the Palestinians can speak in one voice approaching the international community and the region.”
He noted that Abbas, commonly known to Palestinians as Abu Mazen, congratulated Haniyeh after the recent fighting with Israel.