Foreign labels found in Bangladesh factory fire

Updated 28 January 2013

Foreign labels found in Bangladesh factory fire

DHAKA: The unlicensed garment factory in the Bangladesh capital where seven women workers died in a fire Saturday was making clothing for Spanish giant Inditex and several French brands.
An AFP correspondent sifting through the charred remains of the Smart Export factory Sunday found labels such as Bershka, a retailer owned by Inditex; Sol’s; Scott and Fox; and G Blog, which is part of France’s Gemo.
Sourcing by global retailers first came under the spotlight just two months ago, after Bangladesh’s deadliest garment factory fire killed 111 workers who were making clothing for Walmart and a variety of Western firms.
The November blaze at Tazreen Fashion, which also had no fire department licence, highlighted the Bangladeshi apparel industry’s appalling safety record.
The fire at the Smart factory employing around 300 workers broke out Saturday afternoon, leaving at least seven female workers dead and 15 injured — five of them critically.
Worker Laizu Begum said the factory, which paid workers as little as $ 37 a month, had one of its doors closed when the blaze broke out during lunch break, forcing the workers to rush to the other door in a stampede.
Fire officials said the stampede caused most of the deaths. “Burnt foam and clothing created huge smoke. I survived as I was sitting close to a gate,” she told AFP.
Major Mahbubur Rahman, operations director of the Bangladesh Fire Service, said the factory had not received an operating licence from the service.
“It’s just a factory in name,” he told AFP.
“The owners set up some sewing machines on a floor without taking care of any safety issues. It did not have any fire exit or fire equipment.”
It was not clear whether Smart had won the orders directly from the European companies or was subcontracting for large local factories.
Mohammad Akash, an official with Smart, told AFP the company mainly subcontracts from larger Bangladeshi factories including Mactex, which could not be contacted for comment.
Of the country’s 4,500 garment factories, most are small plants in residential areas which depend on sub-contracted orders from bigger plants. Many operate only in peak seasons.
Fire is a common problem in the factories in Bangladesh, the world’s second largest apparel maker. Around 700 people have been killed in garment factory fires since 2006.
The industry is the mainstay of the impoverished country’s economy, accounting for up to 80 percent of annual exports worth $24.3 billion last year.
Western retailers have criticized the Bangladeshi factories for not ensuring worker safety, but major brands still place orders. Some have reportedly increased purchases since the Tazreen fire, due to cheap manufacturing costs.

International labor rights groups urged foreign brands and retailers Sunday to join a labor-supported agreement to prevent future tragedies.
“After more than two decades of the apparel industry knowing about the risks to these workers, nothing substantial has changed: brands still keep their audit results secret,” said Judy Gearhart, executive director of the International Labour Rights Forum.
Labour rights groups want major brands and retailers to finance the major renovations and repairs needed to make Bangladesh’s apparel factories safe.
But only PVH, the owner of Calvin Klein and Tommy Hilfiger, and German retailer Tchibo have signed an agreement which provides for such financing and bans production at unsafe factories.

India, China end standoff with joint military drills

Updated 2 min 44 sec ago

India, China end standoff with joint military drills

  • India has lost one war to its eastern neighbor and the two continue to wrestle for dominance in the subcontinent
  • India and China were locked in a face-off on the Doklam plateau at the boundary of India, Bhutan and China

NEW DELHI: A resumption of joint military exercises between India and China will reduce tensions between the two nuclear-armed adversaries, experts said on Friday.

The two countries hold annual military drills, known as hand-in-hand exercises, but failed to agree on a joint exercise in 2017. Now, according to local media reports, Beijing has asked New Delhi to resume the drills, indicating an improvement in relations. 

“Every time there is any tension between the two countries, there is a break in these military drills,” said Lt. Gen. (Retd.) S.L. Narasimhan, a China expert. “Any kind of interaction is a good thing. It will increase mutual trust and understanding and help reduce tension.”

India and China are old rivals. India has lost one war to its eastern neighbor and the two continue to wrestle for dominance in the subcontinent. China is also a political and military ally to India’s arch-enemy on its western flank, Pakistan.

In May 2017, Sri Lanka refused a request by China to dock a submarine on the island. Sri Lanka agreed to a similar request in 2014, resulting in fierce opposition from India, which is worried about a growing Chinese presence in its neighborhood.

A month later, India and China were locked in a face-off on the Doklam plateau, a 100 square kilometer plateau and valley at the boundary of India, Bhutan and China. The area is the subject of a dispute between China and Bhutan.

More recently, China sold Pakistan a highly sophisticated, powerful optical tracking and measurement system, making it the first country in the Indian subcontinent to acquire a missile that is capable of carrying multiple nuclear warheads and one that can overwhelm a missile defense system. The Chinese team spent three months in Pakistan assembling the system and training Pakistani officers.

 News of the sale came on the heels of India testing its Agni-V Inter-Continental Ballistic Missile, which can strike almost all of China. Experts agreed that the “leak” of the sale of the tracking equipment was China’s message to India that it had ways to counter the Agni-V.

Now both sides are trying to ease the tensions, Narasimhan said.

According to Indian media reports, New Delhi asked senior leaders and government officials to avoid events planned to mark the 60th anniversary of the Dalai Lama’s flight from Chinese authorities to India because it was a “very sensitive time” for bilateral relations with China.

Soon after Foreign Secretary Vijay Gokhale flew to China to meet the Chinese foreign minister. This was followed by the most recent reports of Beijing asking New Delhi to restart the military drills.

“Both sides seem to be practically inclined to get on with bilateral relations,” Narasimhan said. “Both seem to be reaching out to each other and that’s a good thing.”