Lumps and bumps what’s normal and what’s not?

Lumps and bumps what’s normal and what’s not?
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Lumps and bumps what’s normal and what’s not?
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Updated 13 February 2013

Lumps and bumps what’s normal and what’s not?

Lumps and bumps what’s normal and what’s not?

Spotting unattractive nodules, lipomas and cysts on your skin can be worrying. But before googling yourself into madness, and researching what these could be due to, rest assured that most lumps and bumps are often benign in nature. However there are certain growths that must be checked out immediately. Some are caused by injuries and infection and are easily treated. Others may be more serious nature

Benign vs. malignant
Lumps are usually referred to as tumors, and they may be benign or malignant. In a tumor, one particular type of cell (such as a glandular, fat or muscle cell) grows and multiplies abnormally.
The most important characteristic is whether these tumor cells can invade other adjacent cell types, and spread around the body (which would make them malignant tumors) or not (in which case they are benign).
Depending on the location of your lump you can narrow down the diagnosis:

You have got... A lump in your groin or armpit.
You are scared it is... A tumor.
It is probably... A skin tag, or an ingrown hair.
Facts: Skin tags are very common. They are harmless pieces of skin that often grow in the creases of your body — such as your groin, neck, armpits, bra line, and thighs. Ingrown hair are hairs that have grown inwards after shaving or hair removal.
Treatment: Your doctor can easily cut, freeze, or remove large skin tags. Ingrowing hairs can be permanently treated by laser hair removal.
When to investigate: If a bump slowly and steadily gets bigger, is hard or rubbery, or bleeds, see your doctor. If you have a painless swelling in your groin, armpit or neck that lasts for more than six weeks, also see your doctor. It may just be your lymph nodes fighting off a virus, but it is better to check.

You have got... A lump on your leg.
You are scared it is... Skin cancer.
It is probably... A dermatofibroma or lipoma.
Facts: A dermatofibroma is a hard, non-malignant lump found on the lower leg. It is very common and the tissue is usually skin color. If your lump is softer and is on your leg, arm, belly, back or neck it is more likely to be a lipoma, or a collection of fat. Lipomas are caused when fat cells multiply faster than normal.
Treatment: Dermatofibromas are usually left alone, unless the diagnosis is in doubt, as they are not dangerous and look less obvious over time. Removing them causes a scar. Lipomas do not need to be removed unless they grow large or unsightly. They are not dangerous either.
When to investigate: Any lump that appears without reason, and any crusty lesions or irregular scaly patches of skin need to be checked by your doctor. A kind of cancer called a squamous cell carcinoma often occurs on legs, arms, shoulders, face, lips or ears.

You have got... A lump on your neck.
You are scared it is... Cancer.
It is probably... A sebaceous cyst.
Facts: Your 20s and 30s are the peak time to get them. When a fat gland gets blocked and the fat builds up, it causes a painless lump. These are very common and may be complicated by an infection.
Treatment: Your doctor can remove it under local anesthetic when the bump is unsightly or prone to infection. It will leave a scar that is bigger than the original lump.
When to investigate: Sebaceous cysts do not become cancerous. If you have a small red or pink pearly lump that in time starts to bleed or become crusty, see your doctor to rule out basal or squamous cell carcinoma.

You have got... A large mole.
You are scared it is... Melanoma.
It is probably... Harmless, most moles remain benign for life.
Facts: Melanoma is a type of skin cancer that is most dangerous. Melanomas look like dark spots on the skin. They continue to grow and can even appear on parts of your body that aren’t exposed to the sun.
Treatment: Ask a dermatologist to have a look at a suspicious mole. Rest assured, most turn out to be harmless, and if your doctor is in doubt, he will remove it and send it for analysis.
When to investigate: There are six important signs (A, B, C, D, E) that can help you figure out if you should ask your doctor about a spot that you think might be a melanoma:
A – Asymmetry: A spot that is not the same on both sides is asymmetrical
B – Borders: When the outline of your spot is wavy, rigid or uneven — you should ask.
C – Color: If your spot is a different color or changes color overtime, make a note and have your doctor take a look.
D – Diameter: Melanomas are usually larger than the diameter of the eraser on your pencil (5 mm)
E – Elevation or Evolution: If the spot that you are worried about is raised above your skin (a bump) or if you notice it changing over time (evolving), it might be more than just a dot.

You have got... A soft lump on your wrist.
You are scared it is... Going to burst.
It is probably... A ganglion
Facts: Ganglions are soft, usually painless cysts. They are very common and are caused by a small weakness in the tough outer layer of your joints, which allows joint fluid to come out and form a bubble. Ganglions usually occur in overused joints such as wrists and fingers.
Treatment: Unless it is affecting movement or causing pain, leave it alone. Most ganglions will get softer and flatter as time goes on, and may spontaneously disappear, or burst accidentally. The more permanent solution is surgery.
When to investigate: Ganglions will not become malignant.
You have got... A lump in your breast.
You are scared it is... Breast cancer.
It is probably... A fibroadenoma or a benign cyst.
Facts: In young, fit and healthy women, 80 percent of lumps are benign. A fibroadenoma is a small harmless lump made from glandular tissue, which feels quite firm and moves around. Cysts, on the other hand, feel more jelly-like and tender and often affect women in their 30s and 40s.
Treatment: If a fibroadenoma isn’t bothering you, your doctor may advise you to leave it. If it’s painful, or the diagnosis is in doubt, your GP might suggest a minor operation to remove it. Cysts are usually confirmed by ultrasound if you are under 35, or a mammogram if you are older. A specialist can drain the fluid if it becomes uncomfortable.
When to investigate: Although breast cancer is generally pain-free and slower growing than a cyst or fibroadenoma, always get lumps checked. If you notice an unusual change in the size, shape or feel of your breasts, or you have some puckering, dimpling or redness of the skin, or nipple discharge, see your doctor.

Other lumps and bumps on your body
• Haemangioma: A small collection of blood vessels that look like bright red or slightly purplish bumps. These little bumps stay the same in size and, even though they are blood vessels, they should not bleed. Angiomas are harmless and do not require treatment
• Warts: Small, skin-colored bumps that usually exist in clumps. Sometimes you will have a few clustered together. Some warts stay the same, some will eventually go away on their own and others will grow or more will appear around them. Warts are caused by the Human Papillomavirus (or HPV), which is contagious and spreads through contact. HPV can cause warts on various parts of your body from your feet to your genitals to your face.
Genital warts, though, are especially important to pay attention to because they have been linked to cervical cancer in women. So, if you notice warts in that area, check with your doctor.
In general, if you have a bump or lump, it is a good idea to keep track of it. If it changes in size, shape, color or any other noticeable way, it is an excellent idea to ask your doctor.

— Dr. Sami Suhail Sawan is a Cosmetic and Surgical Dermatology Consultant, at the International Medical Center. French Board of Dermatology and a member of The International Society for Dermatological Surgery.

Email: [email protected]


What We Are Eating Today: Pita Pack

What We Are Eating Today: Pita Pack
Updated 25 February 2021

What We Are Eating Today: Pita Pack

What We Are Eating Today: Pita Pack

Pita Pack is a Saudi sandwich shop with a diverse international menu. From traditional proteins to fresh salads, Pita Pack offers the experience of a quick bite that is both wholesome and familiar, which you can enjoy alone or with friends.

The recipes are inspired by a fusion of western culture and Arabian flavors.

The shop has a lively approach to naming its orders — deploying pop-culture puns, energetic language and casual vocabulary.

The sandwiches are made with fresh, light, medium-size pita buns, tortillas and brioche bread.

In addition to the more than 30 options on the menu, including vegan, seafood, beef and chicken, their tender American Philly cheesesteak sandwich is one of the best.

If you were thinking of offering your friends in the office or your family a brunch or dinner on the go, the shop offers "Pita box," a family-size option that includes an array of 20 different sandwiches of your choice.

Each order has its special sauce to complement the ingredients used. The restaurant also offers a selection of internationally inspired appetizers and salads.

It is located in Jeddah, Hilmi Kutbi Street, Al-Zahra district.

For more information visit Instagram @pitapackksa.
 


What We Are Buying Today: BEES

What We Are Buying Today: BEES
Photo/Supplied
Updated 20 February 2021

What We Are Buying Today: BEES

What We Are Buying Today: BEES
  • BEES offers a variety of raw honey products and types, including white clover, twohig, konak and manuka, in small and large jars

BEES is a Saudi brand that supports the production of local and imported honey, and aims to spread awareness about bees and healthy food.
The company works with beekeepers and food producers from around the world to bring the finest products to the Saudi market.
BEES offers a variety of raw honey products and types, including white clover, twohig, konak and manuka, in small and large jars.
Manuka honey is said to possess natural medicinal and antibacterial powers, and is ranked according to a “unique manuka factor,” which indicates its healing properties.
The company’s portable mini honey packets allow honey to be taken anywhere. The 5 gm packets are available in all honey types, and will help you start your day with a healthy dose of sweetness in your tea or hot drink.
For more information visit Instagram @bees.sa or check linktr.ee/BEES.SA


Experts warn of ‘dangerous’ keto diet side effects

Experts warn of ‘dangerous’ keto diet side effects
A reduction of carbohydrate intake and increase in fats place the body in a metabolic state called ketosis. (Supplied)
Updated 20 February 2021

Experts warn of ‘dangerous’ keto diet side effects

Experts warn of ‘dangerous’ keto diet side effects
  • “The keto diet can also affect your performance during certain exercises, and you won’t be able to work out as intensely or as often as before”

JEDDAH: The ketogenic diet has become one of the fastest-growing dietary trends, but experts have warned that many of its advocates are unaware of the dangerous side effects the diet can cause.

According to Healthline.com, the ketogenic diet, commonly known as keto, is a low-carb, high-fat diet that shares similarities with low carb and Atkins diets. A reduction of carbohydrate intake and increase in fats place the body in a metabolic state called ketosis.
However, the diet has led to severe side effects for some people.
“The keto diet should only be done under clinical supervision, and only for brief periods of time,” Dr. Ruwaida Idrees, a nutritionist, CEO and owner of Hayati Ghethaei, a catering company, told Arab News.
She added that the keto diet should only be considered in “extreme cases,” because it can do “more harm than good.”
Idrees said: “It can cause damage to the heart, since the heart is also a muscle.”
Consulting a doctor, completing necessary tests and discussing goals with a clinical dietitian should all be considered before starting a keto diet, she added.
Idrees said there are many misconceptions surrounding the keto diet and exercise, adding that exercise can still reduce the risk of heart disease, obesity and other health conditions.
People need to be careful about the types of exercises they practice, she said. “The keto diet can also affect your performance during certain exercises, and you won’t be able to work out as intensely or as often as before.”
Fouz Ghannamil, a fitness trainer, told Arab News that the diet appeared to work for many people. “It is good, but my own opinion is that the human body needs more nutrition than just fat and a really small dose of carbohydrates.”
She added: “It has a high portion of proteins which is good, but the fat sources, no matter how good they are, are a bit too much. It is better in my opinion that the portion of fat and carbs is balanced.”
Ghannamil suggested a better alternative for people looking to shed pounds this year — sticking to a diet of “80 percent healthy food and 20 percent junk food.
“Because naturally, your mind will desire junk food that is not natural, however, it has loads of fat in and your body can use it as an energy source.”
She warned people considering a new diet to stick to a balanced nutrition pyramid that contains everything they need: Protein, carbohydrates and fat.
She added that people should avoid diets based solely on numbers rather than personal experience.
Idrees, on the other hand, proposed the Mediterranean diet as a simpler alternative to the keto diet, saying that it has a good balance of seafood and other sources of proteins, moderate portions of dairy and a limited intake of red meat.


What We Are Eating Today: Maui

What We Are Eating Today: Maui
Photo/Supplied
Updated 19 February 2021

What We Are Eating Today: Maui

What We Are Eating Today: Maui
  • Customers can also create their own poke bowls using their favorite ingredients, marinades, toppings, and sauces

A Hawaiian-concept restaurant is bringing the taste of the tropics to Saudi Arabia.
Based in Jeddah, Maui offers an array of classic dishes — with a Japanese and Mexican twist — from the Pacific US state including poke bowls, soups, salads, and juices.
The eatery, that accepts online orders only, has a mouthwatering menu consisting of sushi burritos or sushi wrap sandwiches using seaweed nori sheet instead of flatbread. They are available with five different fillings including fresh raw salmon or tuna, tempura shrimp or chicken, and vegan and vegetarian choices.
Customers can also create their own poke bowls using their favorite ingredients, marinades, toppings, and sauces.
Maui is available on delivery platforms @lugmety, @thechefz_, and @careemksa.


Startup of the Week: A Jeddah-based store offering eco-friendly alternatives

Startup of the Week: A Jeddah-based store  offering eco-friendly alternatives
Photo/Supplied
Updated 16 February 2021

Startup of the Week: A Jeddah-based store offering eco-friendly alternatives

Startup of the Week: A Jeddah-based store  offering eco-friendly alternatives
  • The startup is planning to add wooden utensils, bamboo straws and key charms made from coconut shells to its line of products

C.B. Jeddah is a store where you can find high-quality, handmade coconut and wooden bowls, which are ideal for all kinds of food, from ice cream to soups, salads and even hot curry. The Jeddah-based store ships orders all over the Kingdom.
Shaima Agil, a public administration student, inaugurated the store last month.
The idea came to her when she decided to adopt a more health-conscious lifestyle and went online to look for recipes. “I saw a picture of a smoothie in a coconut bowl, and I was fascinated by how beautiful it was! It was hard to get one here in Saudi Arabia, though, so I thought: Why don’t I buy these bowls myself and try to sell them here? I’ve been always interested in natural, environment-friendly products, so I bought many bowls and created an Instagram account to display them.”
The startup is planning to add wooden utensils, bamboo straws and key charms made from coconut shells to its line of products.
C.B. Jeddah imports its bowls from Indonesia, where coconut palms grow in abundance and where talented local artisans make the bowls by hand.
Agil explained that artisans first split the coconuts in half, drain them of water, carve out the flesh, then craft and polish them gently until they shine.
“Nature gives us everything we need, so let’s be nice and not harm it with industrial waste,” she said.
Environmental sustainability was at the heart of her startup.
“The huge amounts of coconuts used by companies to produce their different products result in much waste. Some countries burn them, which increases carbon and other harmful emissions. That is why reclaiming them and recycling them helps our planet.”
Customers can text C.B. Jeddah via direct messages on their Instagram account @c.b.jeddah.
“Our products are suitable for those who love nature, decorating and food photography. They also make great gifts,” said the founder.