Walesa to join protests against ‘harmful’ Polish government

Former Polish president and Nobel Peace laureate Lech Walesa. (AFP file photo)
Updated 14 June 2017

Walesa to join protests against ‘harmful’ Polish government

WARSAW: Poland’s freedom icon Lech Walesa on Wednesday vowed to join street protests against his country’s right-wing government, currently being probed by the EU over perceived threats to the rule of law.
Walesa, a Nobel peace laureate and former president, also laid into Jaroslaw Kaczynski, the powerful boss of the governing Law and Justice (PiS) party who is widely regarded as Poland’s de facto decision-maker.
Walesa has previously raised questions as to whether Kaczynski was seeking to turn Poland into “a dictatorship” through a series of reforms that critics allege have undermined democratic checks and balances.
“Given the increasingly impudent and harmful activity of the group supervised by Jaroslaw Kaczynski, I’m forced to take greater action,” Walesa wrote in a Wednesday post on his Facebook page.
“As of today, I’ll participate in all rallies, protests and more,” Walesa added.
Walesa also told the website that his decision to act was triggered by his “exasperation” over the arrest on Saturday of fellow communist-era dissident Wladyslaw Frasyniuk during a protest against Kaczynski and the PiS in Warsaw.
Frasyniuk and around 100 other arrested protesters were later released.
Since winning power in October 2015, the populist PiS administration has pushed through a string of reforms that critics say undermine the independence of the public broadcasters and the judiciary, including the Constitutional Tribunal.
The EU agreed in May to continue long drawn-out talks with Warsaw in a bid to stop its alleged breaches of the rule of law, backing away for now from threatening sanctions.
Kaczynski and other PiS politicians have brought up old allegations that Walesa collaborated with the communist secret police in the early 1970s, something the anti-communist firebrand has long denied.
Although both men fought Poland’s communist regime, they later became bitter foes amid power struggles in the early years of Poland’s democracy.
Shipyard electrician Walesa won the Nobel Peace Prize in 1983 for leading Solidarity, the Soviet bloc’s only free trade union.
He became Poland’s first democratically elected president after negotiating a bloodless end to communism for the country in 1989.
Poles in general have mixed feelings about Walesa. His boldness in standing up to the communist regime is still widely respected, but the combative and divisive tone of his later presidency earned him scorn in many quarters.

World’s biggest literature festival kicks off in Jaipur

Updated 23 min 30 sec ago

World’s biggest literature festival kicks off in Jaipur

  • Economist and Nobel laureate Abhijit Banerjee will attend the event

JAIPUR: The 13th edition of the Jaipur Literature Festival (JLF) started on Thursday.

 Known as the “greatest literary show on earth,” the five-day event brings to one venue more than 500 speakers of 15 Indian and 35 foreign languages, and over 30 nationalities.

 Among the festival’s participants are Nobel laureates and Pulitzer Prize winners.

 The event has been expanding, with over 400,000 people attending it last year and even more expected to show up this time.  The growing crowd has made the medieval Diggi Palace, which hosts it, look small, and organizers are planning to shift the event to a bigger venue next year.

 Scottish historian and writer William Dalrymple, one of the organizers, said: “The first time we came to the Diggi Palace in 2007, 16 people turned up for the session of which 10 were Japanese tourists who walked out after 10 minutes, as they had come to the wrong place. Things have improved a little since then. We are now formally the largest literature festival in the world.”

 Dalrymple, who has extensively written on medieval India and South Asia, has played a pivotal role in promoting the festival.

 The other two organizers are its director, Sanjoy K. Roy, and writer Namita Gokhale, who along with Dalrymple made the JLF become one of the most sought-after events in India.

 “Why has the literary festival taken off in this country in this extraordinary way? It goes back to the tradition of spoken literature, the celebration of literature orally through the spoken word has deep roots in this country,” Dalrymple said.

 “So the idea that a literary festival is a foreign import is something that can’t be maintained. We’ve tapped into something very deep here. Literature is alive and is loved in India,” he said.

 Inaugurating the festival’s 13th edition, celebrated British mathematician Marcus du Sautoy said: “Every number has its own particular character in the story of mathematics. For me it is 13; 13 is a prime number, an indivisible number, and the JLF is certainly a festival in its prime.”

 The festival this year is taking place amid a raging debate about India’s new citizenship legislation and mass agitation on the issue of preserving the secular fabric of the nation.

 Reflecting on the prevailing mood in the country, Roy, in his opening remarks, said: “We are now faced with a situation where we see a spread of the narrative of hatred. Literature is the one thing that can push back against it and so can be the arts. All of us have a responsibility to do so and this is not the time to be silent anymore.”

 Gokhale said: “Ever since its inception 13 years ago, we at the Jaipur Literary Festival have tried to give a voice to our plural and multilingual culture. We live in a nation which is defined by its diversity, and it is our effort to present a range of perspectives, opinions, and points of view, which together build up a cross-section of current thinking.”

 She added: “We seek mutual respect and understanding in our panels — it is important to us that these often conflicting ideas are respectfully presented and heard. We also resist predictable and self-important all-male panels, and try to ensure that the vital voices of women resonate through all aspects of our programming.”

 One of the attractions of the event this year is the presence of Nobel laureate Abhijit Banerjee, who won the prize in economics last year.

 There are also panel discussions on Kashmir, the Indian constitution and history.

 The prevailing political situation in South Asia is also reflected by the absence of Pakistani. Before, popular Pakistani authors would attend the JLF, but delays in visa issuance and a hostile domestic environment forced the organizers to “desist from extending invitations.”