Afghans walk hundreds of kilometers for peace

Afghan peace activists march from Helmand to Kabul in Ghazni province to demand an end to the nearly 17-year conflict. (AFP)
Updated 11 June 2018

Afghans walk hundreds of kilometers for peace

GHAZNI, Afghanistan: Hobbled by blisters and stalked by hunger, dozens of Afghan protesters are marching hundreds of kilometers across the war-torn country demanding an end to the nearly 17-year conflict.
Nine people began the weeks-long anti-war march in May, but their numbers have since swollen to around 50, organizers say, as their demands for an end to fighting gain traction among ordinary Afghans increasingly fed up with years of bloodshed.
The arduous journey began in the southern province of Helmand, a Taliban stronghold.
The group hopes to reach the capital Kabul, some 700 kilometers, before the end of the holy month of Ramadan this week where it plans to present a list of demands for peace to Afghan leaders.
Among the protesters is Zaheer Ahmad Zindani, who was blinded in a roadside explosion several years ago that also killed his sister.
“We are tired of this war and bloodshed,” Zindani said as the group arrived in Ghazni, the capital of the southeastern province of the same name, over the weekend.
“Both sides should sit down for peace talks. We want a permanent and sustainable peace.”
The group is also calling for a cease-fire — but longer than the ones announced by the Afghan government and Taliban for the Eid holiday that follows Ramadan — and a timetable for the withdrawal of foreign troops from Afghanistan.
After weeks of walking along asphalt roads in the heat, sleeping under trees or in mosques, and weakened by fasting for Ramadan, the group is now within 200 kilometers of the Afghan capital.
Initially ridiculed for their plan to walk to Kabul, the protesters now enjoy growing support as more Afghans pay attention to their cause and take to social media to cheer them on.
“Your every step gives us hope for peace, continue your march until we have peace,” Jamilurahman wrote on Facebook.
A user called Hamidullah posted: “May Allah give you paradise for every step you take for peace. May peace prevail in every part of our country.”
The march, which is believed to be the first of its kind in Afghanistan, emerged out of a sit-in protest and hunger strike in the Helmand provincial capital Lashkar Gah.
That demonstration, which began spontaneously after a car bomb attack in the city on March 23, triggered similar movements by war-weary Afghans around the country.
But when the Taliban and security forces failed to heed their demands to stop fighting, some of the protesters decided to take their message directly to the country’s top leaders.
It has been a physically grueling and dangerous journey as the Taliban and Daesh group step up attacks against Afghan and foreign forces.
Every day the protesters run the gauntlet of roadside bombs, armed robbers and militants.
But they accept the risks.
“There is no safe place left here,” Sardar Mohammad Sarwari, who uses crutches to walk after polio weakened his legs, said.
“I can be killed if I stay home or if I go to my shop, so I have decided it is much better to die for peace so the next generation of my family can enjoy peace.”
Abdullah Malik Hamdard said he felt that he had nothing to lose by joining the march.
“Everybody thinks they will be killed soon,” he said.
“The situation for those alive is miserable. If you don’t die in the war, the poverty caused by the war may kill you, which is why I think the only option left for me is to join the peace convoy.”
The protesters, wearing matching blue bandanas and sashes with the message “We want peace,” have received help from ordinary Afghans along the way.
They are provided with food and drink for their pre-dawn and post-sunset meals, but during the day they battle hunger and fatigue.
Drivers honk their horns in support and some stop to praise them.
Even Afghan security forces and Taliban fighters have taken a break from the battlefield to urge them on, Iqbal Khaibar, one of the leaders of the group, said.
Zindani, who was blinded several years ago by pieces of flying glass after a roadside bomb struck the bus he and his sister were traveling in, holds a fellow protester’s hand for guidance as he walks.
“All the marchers have suffered in this war,” he said, noting that his own sister, father and uncle had been killed in the conflict.
“One lost a father, another lost a brother, sister, mother — everyone has lost loved ones.
“My only wish and demand is stop this war and fighting.”


Delhi’s air quality turns ‘severe’ as toxic haze lingers

Updated 30 min 40 sec ago

Delhi’s air quality turns ‘severe’ as toxic haze lingers

  • During the last two months, the capital’s 20 million residents have breathed “moderate” to “satisfactory” air only for four days
  • The air quality index was “very poor” on most days this month

NEW DELHI: India’s capital New Delhi was shrouded in a toxic haze for the second straight day on Thursday, and visibility dropped due to cooler temperatures and lower wind speeds that let deadly pollutants hang in the air.
The air quality index crossed 400 on a scale of 500, indicative of “severe” conditions that pose a risk for healthy people and can seriously impact those with existing diseases.
The index measures the concentration of deadly pollutant PM2.5 — tiny particles that can enter the bloodstream. Chronic exposure to such pollutants can contribute to the risk of developing diseases such as lung cancer, according to the World Health Organization.
Federal pollution control officials were tracking the air quality status, Prashant Gargava, member secretary at the Central Pollution Control Board, told Reuters.
The board falls under the federal environment ministry.
Under an emergency action plan, authorities shut down brick kilns and halted all construction activity during the day.
During the last two months, the capital’s 20 million residents have breathed “moderate” to “satisfactory” air only for four days, according to a record of official data compiled by Reuters.
The air quality index was “very poor” on most days this month.
Air quality levels have crossed 400 for a second time this month despite farm fires from Delhi’s neighboring states — blamed by authorities as the primary cause for poor air quality in recent weeks — coming to an end with the onset of winter.
“Now fire counts are almost stopped except in a few routine incidences and hence no contribution to Delhi’s air quality is expected now onwards for the season,” government-run monitor SAFAR said.
The relentless focus on stamping out farm fires every year tends to deflect scrutiny from authorities that are falling behind on cleaning up industry or improving public transport, critics say.
Vehicular exhausts, along with emissions from industry, contribute more than 50% of Delhi’s air pollution on most days through the year, according to official estimates.
SAFAR forecast rain later on Thursday, but added that Delhi’s air quality was likely to deteriorate next week due to foggy conditions.