A journey to Hajj that changed Islam in America

A rare picture of Malcolm X meeting with then Crown Prince Faisal Al-Saud in Jeddah in April, 1964.
Updated 20 August 2018

A journey to Hajj that changed Islam in America

  • “I don’t believe that motion picture cameras ever have filmed a human spectacle more colorful than my eyes took in”
  • “During the past 11 days here in the Muslim world, I have eaten from the same plate, drunk from the same glass, and slept on the same rug — while praying to the same God — with fellow Muslims”

MAKKAH: Malcolm X was an American Muslim minister and human rights activist. To his admirers he was a courageous advocate for the rights of blacks, a man who indicted white America in the harshest terms for its crimes against black Americans. But his detractors accused him of preaching racism and violence.
He has been called one of the greatest and most influential African Americans in history. Malcolm was a member of the Nation of Islam, an African American politico-religious movement founded by Wallace D. Fard Muhammad in the 1930s.Their goals were to improve the spiritual, mental, social, and economic conditions of African Americans in the US. Critics have described the organization as black supremacist.
Malcolm formally left the organization and made a Muslim pilgrimage to Makkah, where he was profoundly affected by the lack of racial discord among orthodox Muslims. He returned to America as Al-Hajj Malik El-Shabazz and founded the Organization of Afro-American Unity, which advocated black identity and held that racism, not the white race, was the greatest foe of the African American. Malcolm’s new movement steadily gained followers, and his more moderate philosophy became increasingly influential in the civil rights movement, especially among the leaders of the Student Non-Violent Coordinating Committee. This organization was founded after Malcolm’s awakening from his pilgrimage to Makkah.

 

“Never have I witnessed such sincere hospitality and overwhelming spirit of true brotherhood as is practiced by people of all colors and races here in this ancient Holy Land, the home of Abraham, Mohammad and all the other Prophets of the Holy Scriptures,” Malcolm X wrote in his letter from Makkah, a letter that he spent the night duplicating while staying there. He sent a copy to his wife and his older sister Ella. He also asked for a copy to be sent to the press in the US.
He also wrote: “During the past 11 days here in the Muslim world, I have eaten from the same plate, drunk from the same glass, and slept on the same rug — while praying to the same God — with fellow Muslims.” He ends his letter: “Never have I been so highly honored. Never have I been made to feel more humble and unworthy.”
He signed his name with his new title Al-Hajj Malik El-Shabazz. “Al-Hajj” is a title given to those who performed the pilgrimage.
When Malcolm first arrived at Jeddah Airport, he noticed that the people there were pilgrims from Ghana, Indonesia, Japan and Russia. He then explained in his biography: “I don’t believe that motion picture cameras ever have filmed a human spectacle more colorful than my eyes took in.” He concluded “Chinese, Indonesians, Afghans. Many, not yet changed into the Ihram garb, still wore their international dresses. It was like pages out of the National Geographic magazine.”
On Feb. 21, 1965, one week after his home was firebombed, Malcolm X was shot dead by Nation of Islam members while speaking at a rally of his organization in New York City.

Decoder

Al-Hajj

is a title given to those who performed the pilgrimage.


Saudi Arabia’s Al-Jubeir meets senior French officials, tours Al-Ula exhibition

Updated 19 min 52 sec ago

Saudi Arabia’s Al-Jubeir meets senior French officials, tours Al-Ula exhibition

  • Al-Jubeir met with French Minister of Foreign Affairs during his official visit
  • He also visited the exhibition the Al-Ula exhibition in Paris

LONDON: Saudi Arabia’s Minister of State for Foreign Affairs Adel Al-Jubeir met with French Minister of Foreign Affairs Jean-Yves Le Drian at the French Foreign Ministry in Paris on Tuesday.
Al-Jubeir was visiting Paris on an official visit.
During the meeting, they discussed bilateral relations and ways of enhancing them.
The two sides also reviewed the latest developments at the regional and international levels and efforts exerted to achieve world peace and security.
Al-Jubeir toured the French Parliament during his official visit to the French Republic and met with the President of the Foreign Affairs Committee of the French Parliament Marel de Sarniz, where they reviewed issues of common interest, in addition to areas of cooperation between the two countries.
Al-Jubeir also visited the exhibition “Al-Ula, Oasis of Wonderland in the Arabian Peninsula”, hosted by the Arab World Institute in Paris.
He toured the exhibition and was briefed on the rare artifacts that are considered one of the masterpieces of archaeology and cultural heritage from the Al-Ula region in Saudi Arabia, which is part of the Kingdom’s ambitions to open up to the world.