China allows first US rice imports ahead of talks

China allows first US rice imports ahead of talks
China opened its rice market when it joined the World Trade Organization in 2001. (Reuters)
Updated 29 December 2018

China allows first US rice imports ahead of talks

China allows first US rice imports ahead of talks

BEIJING: China has opened the door to imports of rice from the US for the first time in what analysts took to signal a warming of relations between the world’s two biggest economies after a frosty year marked by tensions and tit-for-tat tariffs.

The green light from Chinese customs, indicated in a statement posted on the customs authority’s website, comes in the run-up to talks between the countries in January after US President Donald Trump and Chinese President Xi Jinping agreed to a moratorium on higher tariffs that would affect trade worth hundreds of billions of dollars.

It was not immediately clear how much rice China, which imports rice from within Asia, might seek to buy from the US. But the move, which comes after years of talks on the matter, follows pledges from China’s commerce ministry earlier this week of further US trade openings.

“I wouldn’t be surprised to see importers trying to move rice into China from California but I don’t know if it will be in breathtaking quantities right away,” said Stuart Hoetger, an analyst and rice trader based in California.

As of Dec. 27, imports of brown rice, polished rice and crushed rice from the United States are now permitted, as long as cargoes meet China’s inspection standards and are registered with the US Department of Agriculture.

The USDA on Dec. 11 forecast US rice production at 6.93 million tons while Chinese rice imports were estimated at 5 million tons. Rice makes up only a small portion of US agricultural exports, which are dominated by shipments of soybeans, grain, tree nuts and meat.

“The permission for US rice suggests an improving US and China relationship,” said Cherry Zhang, an agriculture analyst with consultancy JCI. Zhang said she expected any imports would likely be ordered by state-owned companies.

Officials at a government-affiliated think tank in Beijing said the price of US rice was not competitive, compared with imports from South Asia, and said the move to formally permit imports from the US should be interpreted as a goodwill gesture.

China opened its rice market when it joined the World Trade Organization in 2001, but a lack of phytosanitary protocol between China and the US effectively banned imports, according to trade group USA Rice.

Nonetheless, in July China formally imposed additional tariffs of 25 percent on US rice, even though imports were not permitted at
the time.