Former Maronite Patriarch Nasrallah Sfeir laid to rest

Sfeir was elected as the 76th Patriarch of the Maronite Church in 1986 and resigned in 2011 to be succeeded by Patriarch Bechara Al-Rahi. (Reuters)
Updated 16 May 2019

Former Maronite Patriarch Nasrallah Sfeir laid to rest

  • Lebanese flags were lowered at the Presidential Palace and government institutions in mourning and respect for the late Patriarch
  • he Muslim-majority northern city of Tripoli raised pictures of Sfeir in its streets

BEIRUT: Lebanon bid farewell to the former Maronite Patriarch Nasrallah Sfeir on Thursday, who died at the age of 99.

“He loved Lebanon and did all he could for his war-torn country. He wanted peace and reconciliation to prevail, not just for Christians but Muslims as well. He prayed for Lebanon to remain a country of dialogue and convergence, as Pope Francis said,” noted Papal envoy Cardinal Leonardo Sandri, head of the Congregation for the Oriental Churches.

Lebanese flags were lowered at the Presidential Palace and government institutions in mourning and respect for the late Patriarch. The ancient fortress of Baalbek closed its doors in compliance with a memorandum issued by the Minister of Culture Mohammad Daoud.

Thousands of people from all over Lebanon came to Bkerki, where Sfeir’s body lay since Wednesday, to see him for the last time.

The Muslim-majority northern city of Tripoli raised pictures of Sfeir in its streets. A large Druze delegation also came to Bkerki at the request of the president of the Progressive Socialist Party, Walid Jumblatt, to pay tribute to Sfeir and his role in patronizing the Jabal reconciliation after a bloody war between the Druze and Christians in the 1980s.

While Hezbollah was absent from the funeral, Nabih Berri, speaker of the Lebanese Parliament, attended with a large delegation from the Amal Movement. The Lebanese Forces also participated in the funeral of the man they consider “the first resistant against the Syrian occupation of Lebanon.”

Sfeir was elected as the 76th Patriarch of the Maronite Church in 1986 and resigned in 2011 to be succeeded by Patriarch Bechara Al-Rahi. Born in 1920, he witnessed the birth of Lebanon and countless historical events. He provided the Christian cover to the Taif Agreement, which ended the Lebanese civil war despite the objections of President Michel Aoun, the leader of an opposition movement at the time. 

Sfeir was known for resisting all the temptations and pressures exerted to force him to visit Syria.

The Future Movement called for a broad participation in paying tribute to the person who “devoted his life to protect the people’s rights, freedoms and dignity.” 

Equally, the Free Patriotic Movement described Sfeir as “a great spiritual leader that marked an important period of the country’s history.”

As well as the president, prime minister, countless Lebanese politicians, and representatives from Jordan, Qatar, the Vatican and Cyprus, the French minister for Europe and foreign affairs, Jean-Yves Le Drian, also attended on behalf of President Emmanuel Macron.

The French Embassy, in a statement, described the late patriarch as “one of the great peace and reconciliation makers in Lebanon. He was a friend of France and a great patriot, who passionately defended Lebanon’s independence and sovereignty.”

The US State Department said: “Sfeir was a courageous leader in the face of tyranny and oppression. He was a champion of Lebanon’s independence and sovereignty. The US will continue to stand by Lebanon to support such role models that Cardinal Sfeir embodied.”

The Saudi Ambassador to Lebanon Waleed Al-Bukhari also participated in the funeral. He conveyed the condolences of King Salman and Crown Prince Mohammed bin Salman to Al-Rahi, saying: “Sfeir was one of the pillars of peace and coexistence in Lebanon and the World.”

The funeral was accompanied by strict security measures. 

The Lebanese Army had banned “the flying of remote-controlled planes above the area where the funeral is taking place until the end of the burial.”

Iran promises to avenge US killing of top Iranian commander Soleimani

Updated 03 January 2020

Iran promises to avenge US killing of top Iranian commander Soleimani

  • General Soleimani was killed in a US air strike in Baghdad on Friday
  • The US embassy in Baghdad urged all American citizens to depart Iraq immediately

BAGHDAD : Iran promised harsh revenge after a US airstrike in Baghdad on Friday killed Qassem Soleimani, commander of Iran’s elite Quds force and architect of its growing military influence in the Middle East.
Soleimani was a general who was regarded as the second most powerful figure in Iran after Supreme Leader Ayatollah Ali Khamenei.

The overnight attack, authorized by President Donald Trump, marked a dramatic escalation in a “shadow war” in the Middle East between Iran and the United States and its allies, principally Israel and Saudi Arabia.

Top Iraqi militia commander Abu Mahdi Al-Muhandis, an adviser to Soleimani, was also killed in the attack.

Iran has been locked in a long conflict with the United States that escalated sharply last week with an attack on the US embassy in Iraq by pro-Iranian militiamen following a US air raid on the Kataib Hezbollah militia, founded by Muhandis.

The Pentagon said the “US military has taken decisive defensive action to protect US personnel abroad by killing Qassem Soleimani” and that the strike was ordered by Trump to disrupt future Iranian attack plans.

US officials, speaking on condition of anonymity, said Soleimani was killed in a drone strike. Iran’s Revolutionary Guards said he was killed in an attack by US helicopters.

Concern about disruption to Middle East oil supplies pushed oil prices up nearly $3.

Khamenei said harsh revenge awaited the “criminals” who killed Soleimani. His death, though bitter, would double the motivation of the resistance against the United States and Israel, he said.

In a statement carried by state television, he called for three days of national mourning.

The US embassy in Baghdad urged all American citizens to depart Iraq immediately.

Soleimani led the Quds Force, the foreign arm of the Revolutionary Guards, and had a key role in fighting in Syria and Iraq.
Over two decades he had been at the forefront of projecting the Islamic Republic’s military influence across the Middle East, acquiring celebrity status at home and abroad.

Iranian state television presenters wore black and broadcast footage of Soleimani peering through binoculars across a desert and greeting a soldier, and of Muhandis speaking to followers.

President Hassan Rouhani said the assassination would make Iran more decisive in resisting the United States, while the Revolutionary Guards said anti-US forces would exact revenge across the Muslim world.

Hundreds of Iranians marched toward Khamenei’s compound in central Tehran to convey their condolences.

“I am not a pro-regime person but I liked Soleimani. He was brave and he loved Iran, I am very sorry for our loss,” said housewife Mina Khosrozadeh in Tehran.

In Soleimani’s hometown, Kerman, people wearing black gathered in front of his father’s house, crying as they listened to a recitation of verses from the Qur'an.

“Heroes never die. It cannot be true. Qassem Soleimani will always be alive,” said Mohammad Reza Seraj, a high school teacher.

Trump, who is facing impeachment charges, made no immediate comment but posted a picture of the US flag on Twitter.

US House of Representatives Speaker Nancy Pelosi, a Democrat and strong critic of the Republican president, said the attack was carried out without consultation with Congress and without authorization for the use of military force against Iran.

Iraqi Prime Minister Adel Abdul Mahdi condemned the killings as a violation of the conditions of the US military presence in Iraq and an act of aggression that breached Iraq’s sovereignty and would lead to war.
Iraqi Shi’ite cleric Moqtada Al-Sadr, who portrays himself as a nationalist rejecting both Iranian and US influence, ordered his followers to be ready to defend Iraq and urged all sides to behave wisely.

The Syrian government of President Bashar Assad condemned what it called criminal US aggression.

Israel has long regarded Soleimani as a major threat. Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu cut short a trip to Greece and Israeli Army Radio said the military had gone on heightened alert.

The slain commander’s Quds Force, along with paramilitary proxies from Lebanon’s Hezbollah to Iraq’s Popular Mobilization Forces grouping of Iran-backed militias — battle-hardened militias armed with missiles — has ample means to respond.

In September, US officials blamed Iran for a missile and drone attack on oil installations of Saudi state energy giant Saudi Aramco.

Iran, for its part, has absorbed scores of airstrikes and missile attacks mainly carried out by Israel against its fighters and proxies in Syria and Iraq.

Analysts say Iran is likely to respond forcefully to the targeting of Soleimani, who had survived several assassination attempts against him by Western, Israeli and Arab agencies over the past two decades.

The Quds Force, tasked with carrying out operations beyond Iran’s borders, shored up support for Syria’s President Bashar Assad when he looked close to defeat in the civil war raging since 2011 and also helped militiamen defeat Islamic State in Iraq.

Soleimani became head of the force in 1998, after which he quietly strengthened Iran’s ties with Hezbollah in Lebanon, Syria’s government and Shi’ite militia groups in Iraq.

Muhandis, who was killed with Soleimani, oversaw Iraq’s PMF, an alliance of paramilitary groups mostly comprising Iran-backed Shi’ite militias that was formally integrated into Iraqi armed forces.

His Kataib Hezbollah militia, which received battlefield training from Lebanon’s Hezbollah, has long targeted US forces and was one of the earliest groups to send fighters to Syria to support Assad.