Pakistan to pay firm $6bn over mine closure

Mining in Pakistan’s Balochistan province is dominated by small companies focused primarily on marble and granite. (Reuters/ File)
Updated 14 July 2019

Pakistan to pay firm $6bn over mine closure

  • Country’s legal experts are ‘studying’ financial and legal implications
  • The consortium Tethyan Copper is the largest foreign direct investment mining project in Pakistan

ISLAMABAD: Pakistan will have to pay almost $6 billion in damages to a foreign gold mining firm whose dig was shut down by the government in 2011, the World Bank said on Sunday.

The consortium Tethyan Copper company — of which Canadian gold firm Barrick and Chile’s Antofagasta Minerals control 37.5 percent each — is the largest foreign direct investment mining project in the country.

More than a decade ago the group found vast gold and copper deposits at Reko Diq, in the turbulent southwestern Balochistan province, and had planned a hugely lucrative open-pit mine.

But the project came to a standstill in 2011 after the local government refused to renew the consortium’s lease, and in 2013 Pakistan’s top court declared it invalid.

On Friday, the World Bank’s international arbitration tribunal committee awarded $5.84 billion in damages to Tethyan, according to a statement from the company, because of the government’s decision to shut down the mine.

Pakistan’s attorney general, Anwar Mansoor Khan, said in a statement they had noted the decision “with disappointment.”

The country’s legal experts were “studying the Award and reflecting upon its financial and legal implications,” the statement continued.

Ivan Arriagada, Antofagasta’s Chief Executive Officer, said: “We are pleased to reach this milestone after more than seven years of arbitration.”

“We remain willing to discuss the potential for a negotiated settlement with Pakistan and will continue to protect our commercial interests and legal rights until the conclusion of this dispute,” consortium chairman William Hayes added.

It comes weeks after Prime Minister Imran Khan secured a $6 billion bailout from the International Monetary Fund (IMF), amid devaluations of the rupee and soaring inflation.

Barrick and Antofagasta say the proposed plant could produce 600,000 tons of copper and 250,000 ounces of gold a year.

The provincial government is also a sleeping partner in the Reko Diq project with a 25 percent stake.

Mining in Balochistan is dominated by small companies focused primarily on marble and granite, experts say, which waste up to 80 percent of potential because of poor extraction techniques.

Experts have called for more transparent policies to allow mining to flourish.


Philippine jobless rate hits record 17.7% in April due to pandemic

Updated 05 June 2020

Philippine jobless rate hits record 17.7% in April due to pandemic

  • The Philippines is facing its biggest economic contraction in more than three decades
  • April’s 17.7 percent unemployment rate equivalent to 7.3 million people without jobs

MANILA: The Philippines’ unemployment rate surged to a record 17.7 percent in April, the statistics agency said on Friday, as millions lost their jobs due to a pandemic-induced lockdown that battered the economy.
The Philippines, which before the pandemic was one of Asia’s fastest growing economies, is facing its biggest contraction in more than three decades after the new coronavirus shuttered businesses and crushed domestic demand.
April’s unemployment rate, which is 7.3 million people without jobs, compares with 5.3 percent in January and 5.1 percent in April last year.
“We should not lose sight of the fact that this loss in employment is really temporary,” Economic Planning Undersecretary Rosemarie Edillon said in an online news conference.
The lockdown in the capital, Manila, which was one of the world’s longest and strictest, was relaxed as of June 1 to allow much-needed business activity to resume and soften the economic blow of the coronavirus, which has infected more than 20,000 in the country.