Syria fighting looms over Putin-Erdogan meeting

Turkish-backed Syrian fighters perform maneuvers past tents with posters showing the flags of the Kurdish People’s Protection Forces during a military exercise on Syria’s northern border with Turkey. (AFP)
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Updated 05 January 2020

Syria fighting looms over Putin-Erdogan meeting

  • The Russian president is sensitive about areas outside Turkey’s proposed safe zone

ANKARA: Russian media is reporting that Moscow is unhappy with Turkey for its attacks on Syrian Kurds, ahead of President Vladimir Putin’s visit to Ankara on Jan. 8. Turkish troops launched Operation Peace Spring in northern Syria last October. President Recep Tayyip Erdogan said the aim was to “prevent the creation of a terror corridor across the southern border and to bring peace to the area.” Turkish armed forces were hoping to establish a safe zone extending 32 km into Syrian territory.
Two weeks after the launch a deal was struck between Turkey and Russia, ending the operation and establishing a deal that laid the ground for joint Turkish-Russian military patrols across areas of the safe zone.
The Turkish attacks, on the position of Syrian Kurds at Tal Tamir where Russia recently set up an observation post, are reportedly seen by Moscow as noncompliance of the joint agreement. Dozens of Russian military police have been deployed recently to Tal Tamir.
Oytun Orhan, coordinator of Syria studies at the Ankara-based think tank ORSAM, said Russia was sensitive about areas outside the Turkish proposed “safe zone.”
“Another scenario is that Turkey might have tried to increase its bargaining chip by putting more pressure on Russia before any negotiations during Putin’s planned visit, because Russia is still weak in the eastern flank of the Euphrates River while Turkey intends to get more Russian support before any move to Libya,” Orhan told Arab News.
Turkey considers the Kurdish People’s Protection Units militia (YPG) a terrorist organization and an extension of the outlawed Kurdistan Workers’ Party (PKK), which has waged an insurgency against Turkey since 1984. The YPG-led Syrian Democratic Forces (SDF) have been Turkey’s main target in its operation.

Turkey might have tried to increase its bargaining chip by putting more pressure on Russia.

Oytun Orhan, Foreign affairs expert

“So far, the YPG shared its authority with (Syrian) regime forces and Russia, however it did not completely withdraw from the region,” Orhan added. “Turkey might use its military force to convince Russia to meet its commitments under bilateral deals and break up Kurdish control in the adjacent zones.”

Summit on Syria
A four-way summit on Syria is expected to be held in Istanbul in February with the participation of Britain, France, Germany and Turkey.
Sinan Hatahet, an Istanbul-based Syria analyst, said that Russia and Turkey had their own reasons for cooperating in the region.
“Russia sees Turkey’s role in containing the opposition. Turkey considers Russia’s role as important in containing the YPG and producing an alternative to their forces near Turkey’s borders,” he told Arab News. “Nevertheless, they don’t see eye-to-eye on everything. Both of them gave their own definitions about how the final security arrangement should be in Syria.”
According to Hatahet, the latest fighting around Tal Tamir represents the Russian and Turks trying to delimit their red lines and push their zones of influence because the agreements signed have been very broad.

Lebanon president to chair crisis talks over weekend violence

Updated 20 January 2020

Lebanon president to chair crisis talks over weekend violence

  • The meeting will touch on “security developments” in the country
  • Lebanon has been without a government since outgoing prime minister Saad Hariri resigned on October 29

BEIRUT: Lebanon’s under-fire president is set to meet Monday with top security officials to discuss rare violence over the weekend that left hundreds wounded in the protest-hit country.

Michel Aoun will be joined by the care-taker ministers of the interior and defense as well as the chiefs of the military and security agencies in the early afternoon, his office said in a statement.

The meeting will touch on “security developments” in a country rocked since October 17 by unprecedented protests against a political class deemed incompetent, corrupt and responsible for an ever-deepening economic crisis.

It will also address “measures that need to be taken to preserve peace and stability,” the state-run National News agency (NNA) reported.

Demonstrators at the weekend lobbed stones, firecrackers and street signs at riot police, who fired tear gas and rubber bullets to clear a flashpoint road near parliament.

Over the most violent weekend in three months of street protests, some 530 were wounded on both sides, according to a toll compiled by AFP from figures provided by the Red Cross and Civil Defense.

Lawyers and rights groups have condemned the “excessive” and “brutal” use of force by security forces.

Human Rights Watch accused riot police of “launching tear gas canisters at protesters’ heads, firing rubber bullets in their eyes and attacking people at hospitals and a mosque.”

Internal Security Forces, for their part, have urged demonstrators to abstain from assaulting riot police and damaging public or private property.
Protesters had called for a week of “anger” over the political leadership’s failure to form a new government even as the debt-ridden country sinks deeper into a financial crisis.

Lebanon has been without a government since outgoing prime minister Saad Hariri resigned on October 29 in the face of popular pressure.

Political factions agreed on December 19 to appoint former education minister Hassan Diab as the new premier but have since squabbled over ministerial posts and portfolios.

Protesters have demanded a new government be comprised solely of independent experts, and exclude all established political parties.

The United Nations’ envoy to Lebanon pinned the blame for the violence on politicians.

“Anger of the people is understandable, but it is different from vandalism of political manipulators, that must be stopped,” Jan Kubis wrote on Twitter on Saturday.