UN criticizes Iraq trials of Daesh ‘members’, including human shields

A family walks away from the front line in Mosul, Iraq. (Getty Images)
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Updated 29 January 2020

UN criticizes Iraq trials of Daesh ‘members’, including human shields

  • In some cases, the individuals had provided basic support services, such as selling vegetables or preparing meals
  • One young man was sentenced to 15 years in prison for admitting that he acted as a human shield along with other family members

GENEVA: The United Nations raised “serious concerns” on Tuesday about the trials of hundreds of alleged Daesh members in Iraq, some of whom merely prepared meals, offered medical services or even acted as human shields for the extremist group.

Iraq has processed thousands of cases under its anti-terrorism law — including of detainees from outside the Middle East transferred from neighboring Syria — in the aftermath of a 2014-17 war against Daesh militants.

The joint report by the United Nations Human Rights Office in Iraq (UNAMI) and the Office of the UN High Commissioner for Human Rights (OHCHR) covers 794 trials carried out between May 1, 2018 and Oct. 31, 2019, OHCHR spokesman Jeremy Laurence told a news briefing in Geneva.

“(The report) raises serious concerns about unfair trials placing defendants at a serious disadvantage,” he said, adding that 28 of the cases in the UN report involved foreign defendants from 11 different countries.

These were from: France, Iran, Egypt, Belgium, Russia, Sweden, Turkey, Syria, Armenia, Tajikistan and Kyrgyzstan.

In some cases, the individuals had provided basic support services, such as selling vegetables or preparing meals for members of the ultra-hard-line extremist group, the report said.

One young man, a 14-year-old at the time, was sentenced by the Karkh juvenile court in Baghdad to 15 years in prison for admitting that he acted as a human shield, along with other family members, to protect fighters from an air strike, it said.

In another case, the defendant, who was a pharmacist, was given a life sentence in Mosul for providing wounded Daesh members with medical services.

“Prosecutions under the anti-terrorism legal framework... focused on ‘membership’ of a terrorist organization without sufficiently distinguishing between those who participated in serious crimes and those who joined ISIL Daesh out of perceived necessities of survival or under coercion,” the report said.

In 109 of the cases studied by the United Nations, death sentences were handed down, Laurence said. In one of those cases, the defense lawyer was appointed on the day of the trial, had not met his client beforehand and stayed silent throughout.

Defendants or defense lawyers alleged torture or ill-treatment during interrogation in 260 hearings, the report said, including of women and children. The report said that judges did not generally question confessions that appeared to have been obtained in this way.

The UN agencies could not independently verify those allegations, but said they had been receiving “credible reports” of torture and ill-treatment by authorities for years.


UAE confirms 331 new coronavirus cases, 2 deaths

Updated 10 April 2020

UAE confirms 331 new coronavirus cases, 2 deaths

  • The UAE health ministry said 29 people have recovered, bringing the total to 268

DUBAI: A further 331 people have tested positive with the coronavirus in the UAE, bringing the total confirmed cases to 2,990, state news agency WAM reported.
The health ministry said the new patients were all in a stable condition and receiving the necessary treatment.
Meanwhile two expats have died, the ministry confirmed – both had prior chronic illnesses – bringing the number of lives lost due to COVID-19 in the UAE to 14.
But there continues to be glimmers of hope, with a further 29 people who have recovered, bringing that total to 268.
The UAE carried out more than 40,000 coronavirus tests over the past two days using latest state-of-the-art-technology as part of the country’s efforts to curb the coronavirus spread.