AlUla to host natural, human components conference

The conference has been officially announced on the society’s website and shared on all its social media accounts. (Shutterstock)
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Updated 05 February 2020

AlUla to host natural, human components conference

  • The conference aims to review the natural components of AlUla

MADINAH: AlUla governorate will host the Conference of the Natural and Human Components of AlUla at Maraya Concert Hall on Feb. 11-12.

The conference is organized by the Saudi Geographical Society in cooperation with the Royal Commission for AlUla (RCU), the Saudi Press Agency reported on Wednesday.

The conference aims to review the natural components of AlUla, shed light on the impact of civilization, discuss ways to protect cultural and urban heritage, explore the economic employment aspects of cultural heritage resources, share experiences and practical applications of sustainable development in archaeology and tourism, employ geo-information technology in the management of archaeological sites, and hold scientific sessions and workshops.

Dr. Ali bin Abdullah Al-Dosari, chairman of the Saudi Geographical Society and head of the organizing committee, said that the society, in cooperation with RCU, was preparing for the success of the conference and was determined to achieve its goals through the different committees and by providing all requirements for holding the conference after receiving the approval of the Ministry of Education.

He said that the conference has been officially announced on the society’s website and shared on all its social media accounts.

Al-Dosari said that the conference will be accompanied by the 36th General Assembly of the Saudi Geographical Society, the signing of a joint cooperation agreement with the Russian Geographical Society, and a scientific lecture by Dr. Badr Al-Faqeer titled “The Prospects of Eco-tourism Products in AlUla.”
 


Risked of environmental disaster as Safer tanker decays in Yemen

Updated 7 min 38 sec ago

Risked of environmental disaster as Safer tanker decays in Yemen

  • UN ambassadors said an explosion or leak would close the port of Hodeidah for several months
  • A leak or explosion would also affect 1.7 million people working in the fishing industry and their families

RIYADH: Six Arab countries have filed a request to the UN to access the Safer oil tanker — filled with 138 million liters of Yemeni oil — to prevent an environmental disaster of drastic proportions.
The tanker’s decay in Hodeidah would cause an environmental disaster with dire economic and humanitarian consequences, threatening millions of residents in the Hodeidah governorate and the Red Sea riparian countries.
“It’s a great danger,” political analyst Dr. Hamdan Al-Shehri told Arab News. The tanker has been lying in the port of Ras Isa for five years without any maintenance.
UN ambassadors from Djibouti, Egypt, Jordan, Saudi Arabia, Sudan and Yemen said in the letter that an explosion or leak from the Safer would close the port of Hodeidah for several months. This would halt critical imports and “could increase fuel prices by 800 percent and double the price of goods and food, resulting in more economic challenges for the people of Yemen,” they said.

 

 A leak or explosion would also affect 1.7 million people working in the fishing industry and their families, the six countries said.
Al-Shehri said: “The tanker is used as a strong-arm point by the Houthis. Using it from time to time and reaping its goods but denying access to the UN.”
He added that one of the main reasons the Houthis have kept the international community and the UN at bay is “if the tanker was maintained and fixed it would affect their revenue. But the Houthis do not keep their word and have lied over and over again to their benefit.”
On July 18, 2019, Mark Lowcock, the UN’s undersecretary-general for humanitarian affairs, told the UN Security Council that its assessment team had been denied the necessary permits by Houthi rebels who control the area.
The tanker could face two potential hazardous scenarios.There could be an explosion or leak, which could lead to one of the worst environmental disasters the world has seen. The spill would be four times worse than the oil spill of the Exxon Valdez off the coast of Alaska in 1989, where the region still has not fully recovered. The aftermath of a fire or explosion would prevent the recovery of nearshore species in nearly 25 years, 1.7 million people would need food aid as the closure of the port can create shortages.
Fuel prices would increase by 800 percent and double the price of goods and food, shifting operations to an already busy port of Aden.

“The Houthis have nothing to lose, to them … this is just an oil spill in the sea,”

Dr. Hamdan Al-Shehri

After the end of the Gulf War, the region suffered from damage caused by oil pollution in the waters off the Arabian Gulf. Marine life required many years to recover. In addition, it suffered from damage caused by oil fires to the health of many people in the region, after they were exposed to toxic fumes.
The second potential scenario would be a major fire. Some 3 million people in Hodeidah would be affected by toxic gases, four percent of productive agricultural lands in Yemen would be covered with dark clouds, destroying beans, fruits and vegetables that could cause an estimated loss of over $70 million. Humanitarian organizations would suspend their services in Hodeidah, cutting off services for 7 million people in need.
“The Houthis have nothing to lose, to them, in the end, this is just an oil is spill in the sea, they do not care about any dangers it poses whether on regional or international waters,” said Al-Shehri. “The Houthis want to blackmail the Yemenis, raise problems for them, steal the oil and sell it on the black market,” he said.
From a military perspective, the political analyst explained that at some point the tanker could be used as leverage. The spilt oil could be set ablaze to cause a devastating fire in the Red Sea, as revenge against the coalition.
“The international community is required to assume its responsibilities and exert maximum pressure on Houthi militias before the oil tanker causes the world’s biggest environmental and human disaster,” added Al-Shehri.
“If the international community does not interfere a severe backlash of two devastating scenarios will take place, an environmental disaster or major fire unleashed.
“The UN must take a firm, decisive and strong stance against the Houthis and stop appeasing them,” said Dr. Hamdan.

FACTOID

IN NUMBERS:

138 MILLION LITERS OF OIL in the deserted and neglected Safer oil tanker