FRANKFURT: The worst of the economic crisis unleashed by the coronavirus is likely over, European Central Bank Chief Christine Lagarde said on Friday, warning however that the new normal will look different from what was before.
“We probably have passed the lowest point. I say that with some trepidation because of course there could be a severe second wave if we learn anything from the Spanish flu,” she told an online conference. “We are not going to return to the status quo. It’s going to be different. The recovery is going to be incomplete and transformational.”
The hardest hit industries — such as airlines, hospitality and entertainment — will emerge from the crisis “in a different shape,” while new sectors may arise.
The recovery would also be at different paces. “It’s going to be a continent at a time,” warned Lagarde.
The International Monetary Fund predicted in its latest forecasts on Wednesday that the world economy would contract by 4.9 percent in 2020, before growing 5.4 percent next year.
The contraction is most dramatic for the eurozone, which will see the economy shrink 10.2 percent.
China in contrast, could yet post growth of 1 percent for 2020, according to the IMF.
Former IMF chief Lagarde said central banks had been playing their part to mitigate the damage. “The central banks I think have responded massively, diligently to the challenge and we will continue to do so,” she said. “Call it whatever it takes, call it using all the levers . . . The mandate is the same — our mandate is price stability.”
But while central banks have in the past complained about being asked to do the heavy lifting while governments keep their coffers tightly shut, Lagarde said this time “what is very special is that for once, monetary policies and fiscal polices worked hand in hand.”
In Europe, Germany has taken the lead in digging deep into its treasury, unleashing over a trillion euros worth of aid to shore up the economy. German Chancellor Angela Merkel and France’s President Emmanuel Macron have also sketched out the backbone of $840 million fund proposed by EU chief Ursula von der Leyen to bolster the bloc’s economy.
The move blasts through Germany’s traditional opposition to “subsidise” other member state outgoings, as it would include grants — with no repayment obligation — to those hardest hit by the crisis.