Public-Private Partnerships — The key to transforming the Saudi economy

Public-Private Partnerships — The key to transforming the Saudi economy
The Kingdom Tower stands in the night in Riyadh, in a file photo. (Reuters)
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Updated 04 January 2021

Public-Private Partnerships — The key to transforming the Saudi economy

Public-Private Partnerships — The key to transforming the Saudi economy
  • Legal amendments, changes to contracts are key to encouraging more involvement by the private sector

JEDDAH: Public-Private Partnerships (PPPs) are an effective way to reduce the burden on the government and encourage more private investment and involvement in the economy. Saudi Arabia has been using PPPs — merging government bodies with private companies aligned in their fields — for decades. Some of the well-known names involved in recent endeavors include Saudi Aramco, Saudi Airlines, SABIC and the Haramain High-Speed Railway.

Under the Saudi Vision 2030 transformational plan, PPPs and the divestment of state-owned properties are seen as a crucial step to changing how the government operates. A key aspect of this is to change the role of the government from an implementor to a regulator and encourage more private sector involvement in the Kingdom.

“PPP and privatization will support these objectives by facilitating the transfer of ownership of economic activities, services and assets owned or traditionally delivered by the government to the private sector,” Tim Armsby, a partner in the Projects and Finance section at law firm Pinsent Masons Middle East, told Arab News.

“This will play a key role in transforming the country from an oil-dependent economy to a diverse, private-sector driven one,” he added.

He said the Kingdom has a long track record of using PPPs, but this has been limited historically to certain main sectors, especially traditional power, where new plants were built on a Build-Own-Operate basis by the private sector.

“The private sector has financed these plants and entered into a long-term (25-year) power purchase agreement with the government. Saudi Arabia is now seeking to use PPPs in a much wider range of sectors, including education, agriculture, water, environment, real estate, tourism, housing, technology and transport,” he said.

A variety of new projects have been launched on the market over the last few years, including a number of renewable energy projects, water and waste-water projects, schools, hospitals, diagnostic centers and ports. The National Centre for Privatization and PPP, which is a government body mandated to enable the program, lists 11 transactions currently within its remit that have closed, 18 that are under tender and 34 that are under preparation, Armsby said.

In order to encourage more PPPs in the future, the lawyer said legislative changes may help to facilitate this. “The last few years have seen a series of laws issued to establish the principles and bodies to support the delivery of PPP and privatization in the Kingdom,” he said.

A draft law was issued in 2018, and this is understood to be in the final stages. Armsby said there is even an appetite to include an initial public offering as part of future PPP packages, “which introduces another interesting element to the initiatives.” 

Traditionally, PPPs were governed by English law, which Armsby said may also change going forward. “It can be expected that the government may wish to move away from this approach, and therefore there are likely to be more changes to the general legislation to provide further comfort to the private sector and international investors in particular,” he added.

Global shares, oil prices falter as US stimulus buzz fades

Global shares, oil prices falter as US stimulus buzz fades
Updated 19 min 39 sec ago

Global shares, oil prices falter as US stimulus buzz fades

Global shares, oil prices falter as US stimulus buzz fades

LONDON: Global shares stumbled on Friday as hopes of a fiscal boost from a $1.9 trillion US stimulus plan were smothered by the prospect of stricter lockdowns in France and Germany and a resurgence of COVID-19 cases in China.
European stocks followed Asian markets lower, with the pan-European STOXX 600 down 0.8 percent and London’s FTSE 100 0.8 percent weaker, with the latter clobbered by data showing Britain’s economy shrank in November for the first time since the initial COVID-19 lockdown last spring.
The MSCI world equity index, which tracks shares in 49 countries, was 0.3 percent lower. S&P 500 e-mini futures shed 0.3 percent to 3,779.
Oil prices, which had risen on a weak dollar and strong Chinese import data, dropped as COVID-19 concerns in China hit sentiment.
Brent was down $1.33, or 2.3 percent, after gaining 0.6 percent on Thursday. US West Texas Intermediate crude was down $1.17, or 2.1 percent at $52.44 a barrel, having risen more than 1 percent the previous session.
Brent and US crude were heading for their first weekly declines in three weeks.
Spot gold rose 0.1 percent to $1,847.00 per ounce.
While oil producers are facing unparalleled challenges balancing supply and demand equations with calculus involving vaccine rollouts versus lockdowns, financial contracts have been boosted by strong equities and a weaker dollar, which makes crude cheaper, along with strong Chinese demand.
“The recent resurgence in coronavirus infections, appearance of new variants, delayed vaccine rollouts and renewed lockdown measures in most major OECD economies has clouded the economic and demand recovery,” said Stephen Brennock of oil broker PVM.
“Simply put, near-term demand expectations aren’t too promising.”
Earlier on Friday, an Asian regional share index had edged near record highs after US President-elect Joe Biden proposed a $1.9 trillion stimulus plan to jump-start the world’s largest economy and accelerate its response to the coronavirus.
In prime time remarks on Thursday, Biden outlined a proposal that includes $415 billion aimed at the COVID-19 response, some $1 trillion in direct relief to households, and roughly $440 billion for small businesses and communities hard hit by the pandemic.
But that initial boost later faded as risk appetite waned, lifting bond prices and the dollar, and hitting equities.
“People are saying it’s a big number but markets are almost acting like its a disappointment,” said James Athey, investment director at Aberdeen Standard Investments.
“I think maybe the market was pricing an additional $2,000 cheque going to the US population, but what’s being proposed is a top-up of $1,400 to take the total to $2,000 because $600 has already been agreed.”
Investors also digested the prospect of rising taxes to pay for the plan.
“The concern is what it’s going to mean from a tax stand point,” said Tim Ghriskey, chief investment strategist at Inverness Counsel in New York.
“Spending is easy to do but the question is how are you going to pay for it? Markets often ignore politics but they don’t often ignore taxes.”
Biden’s comments came after US Federal Reserve Chair Jerome Powell struck a dovish tone in comments at a virtual symposium with Princeton University.
Powell said the US central bank is not raising interest rates anytime soon and rejected suggestions the Fed might start reducing its bond purchases in the near term.
Investor concerns over the prospects for a global economic recovery were raised after France strengthened its border controls and brought forward its night curfew by two hours to 6 p.m. for at least two weeks to try to slow the spread of infections.
German Chancellor Angela Merkel called for “very fast action” to counter the spread of variants of the coronavirus.
Chinese blue chips eased 0.2 percent, snapping a four-week winning streak, after the country on Friday reported the highest number of new COVID-19 cases in more than 10 months.
US earnings season kicked into full swing with results from JPMorgan, Citigroup and Wells Fargo.
JPMorgan Chase reported a much better-than-expected 42 percent jump in fourth-quarter profit on Friday, driven by the release of some of the reserves it had built up against coronavirus-driven loan losses.
Investors will be looking to see if banks are starting to take down credit reserves, resume buybacks, and provide guidance that shows the economy is improving, said Thomas Hayes, chairman of Great Hill Capital in New York.
In the currency market, the US dollar rose.
The dollar index was at 90.407 versus a basket of currencies, up 0.2 percent on the day.
It was on track for a weekly gain of around 0.4 percent, making this its strongest week since November.
Against the stronger dollar, the euro was down 0.2 percent at $1.21325.
US yields stepped back as risk appetite waned. Benchmark 10-year Treasury notes yielded 1.1039 percent, down from a US close of 1.129 percent on Thursday, while the 30-year yield dipped to 1.8451 percent from 1.874 percent.
In Europe, Italy’s bond market was poised to end the week calmer, as 10-year bond yields were down 2 basis points at 0.59 percent.
Italian Prime Minister Giuseppe Conte resisted calls to resign on Thursday after a junior coalition party led by former premier Matteo Renzi pulled out of the government on Wednesday and stripped it of its majority.