Egypt plans to send two communication satellites into orbit

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Egypt is looking to boost its space industry through several construction projects. (Shutterstock)
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One of the Egypt’s planned satellites will have high-resolution imaging capability.
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Updated 13 September 2020

Egypt plans to send two communication satellites into orbit

  • Egypt is involved in another project to manufacture a satellite with a German company, in which the Egyptian Space Agency has a 45 percent stake

CAIRO: Egypt is planning to launch two satellites in cooperation with China in 2021 and 2022.

One of the satellites will have high-resolution imaging capability, Mohamed El-Qosi, CEO of the Egyptian Space Agency, said.

“China has provided Egypt with two grants, one for building a satellite collection center, and another for manufacturing a large joint satellite between the two countries. This is a result of strong political relations between Egyptian President Abdel Fattah El-Sisi and Chinese President Xi Jinping,” he said in a statement.

The project has been planned since September last year. “We have completed the first phase of the project, after which we will manufacture a satellite in Egypt and China at the satellite collection center, and the launch will be in September 2022,” El-Qosi added.

Egypt is involved in another project to manufacture a satellite with a German company, in which the Egyptian Space Agency has a 45 percent stake. The project has so far produced an educational satellite with more than one university within the Universities Moon Project, which will launch in July 2021.

HIGHLIGHTS

• Cairo has completed the first phase of the project, after which it will manufacture a satellite in Egypt and China at the satellite collection center. Its launch will be in September 2022.

• Another project to manufacture a satellite is with a German company, in which the Egyptian Space Agency has a 45 percent stake.

El-Qosi also revealed new details about an African space project, which aims to monitor climate change on the continent and boost community development.

He said that five countries are taking part in the project, including Uganda, Nigeria and Sudan. Egypt planned to host three space and satellite specialists, but the pandemic delayed the project.

“We will return again to the African Development Moon project after conditions get better,” El-Qosi said. Egypt is looking to boost its space industry through several construction projects, he added.

“We have started the construction process at the Space Agency headquarters, just as there are major foreign countries seeking cooperation with Egypt in the field of space because they see it as the gateway to Africa, including the European and French space agencies. They requested help in attracting African countries to cooperate with them by establishing an African alliance in the field of space,” El-Qosi said.


Fresh allegations about mistreatment of Kurds in Turkey

Updated 29 September 2020

Fresh allegations about mistreatment of Kurds in Turkey

  • Opposition party submits parliamentary question on torture after villagers allegedly thrown from military helicopter

ANKARA: The mistreatment of Kurds in Turkey is under the spotlight again following allegations of torture and food poisoning.

Three politicians from the pro-Kurdish People’s Democratic Party (HDP) who were recently arrested said they were hospitalized with food poisoning during their detention, while Amnesty International has demanded the government investigate allegations that two Kurds were thrown out of a military helicopter.

The government accuses the HDP of ties to the outlawed Kurdistan Workers Party (PKK) and thousands of its members have been prosecuted for the same reason, including its leaders. The HDP denies such links. The PKK is designated a terrorist group by Turkey, the European Union and US.

The HDP politicians, including Ayhan Bilgen who is mayor of Van province, fell ill after eating food served at Ankara police headquarters.

Bilgen was not immediately taken to hospital, nor was he allowed to talk to his legal team until after HDP lawmakers had talked with government officials to have him hospitalized.

The trio are under arrest as part of a probe into violent protests that took place in Kobane in 2014. Their detention period was extended on Monday by another four days.

Amnesty International has urged the government to investigate allegations that two Kurds, aged 55 and 50, were thrown from a military helicopter in Van. The rights group voiced its concerns about the “allegations of torture and mistreatment” which it said were unacceptable under international human rights law and standards that Turkey was obliged to comply with.

The men alleged to have been thrown out of a military helicopter were arrested on Sept. 11 as part of an operation against the PKK. Both were hospitalized and had signs of heavy beatings on their bodies.

One of the men was shown to the media with a bloodied face. He is experiencing memory loss. The other man’s condition remains critical. He is suffering from brain trauma, broken ribs, a punctured lung, and has been in intensive care for more than two weeks.

Relatives of the villagers have demanded justice and the uncovering of the truth through a proper investigation.

Amnesty International wants Turkey to investigate the case impartially, and the main opposition Republican People’s Party (CHP) has submitted a parliamentary question about the allegations of torture.

HDP lawmaker Ali Kenanoglu said his party would follow up the mistreatment allegations at a domestic and international level.

“Kurds have become the scapegoat of the current regime because they are considered as the easiest target that doesn’t have any strong social support behind it,” he told Arab News. “Currently all policies involving war and violence are conducted by targeting Kurds. The mistreatment regarding this segment of society has not received strong backing so far, which opens more room for such efforts.”

Once the Kurdish lawmakers were arrested they were automatically under state protection, he said. “However, state impunity still prevails when it comes to the implementation of the rights of Kurdish community.”

On Monday, HDP deputies and officials were outside the parliament building to protest against the detention of their colleagues, who are accused of inciting violence in Kobane.

Amnesty International’s Turkey campaigner, Milena Buyum, called for a prompt, independent and impartial investigation into the ill-treatment of Kurdish villagers.

“Those found to be responsible should be brought to justice in a fair trial,” she told Arab News. “Turkey is bound by the UN Convention Against Torture and the European Convention for the Prevention of Torture, both of which it is a party to. The Committee for the Prevention of Torture of the Council of Europe is tasked with monitoring places of detention in member states and can ask questions regarding the cases of alleged torture and other ill-treatment. As Amnesty International, we will continue monitoring the developments in this shocking case.”

Buyum said that people in detention must be allowed access to their lawyers once they were deprived of their liberty.

“The delay in speaking to the lawyers is concerning. The HDP representatives have been able to consult their legal representatives after four days. They still don't know the substance of the allegations they face as they have not yet been questioned.”

The rights group said that there was increased concern about detention conditions because of the pandemic, and that authorities should step up their efforts to ensure the health and safety of those in custody.

Separately, a Kurdish singer said on Monday that he had been warned by security and intelligence officials against singing in his mother tongue and to stay away from HDP events.

“You will be in trouble if you sing in Kurdish again,” Cesim Basboga was reportedly told. "You’ve been provoking people with songs.”

Basboga will file a complaint.