Wizrah and chemise: Traditional dress of Al-Dayer coffee bean farmers

Children and parents on coffee farms enjoy the harvest, reflecting the value of the coffee tree among locals. (Supplied)
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Children and parents on coffee farms enjoy the harvest, reflecting the value of the coffee tree among locals. (Supplied)
An Al-Dayer man in traditional attire harvest coffee at his plantation. (Supplied)
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An Al-Dayer man in traditional attire harvest coffee at his plantation. (Supplied)
An Al-Dayer man in traditional attire harvest coffee at his plantation. (Supplied)
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An Al-Dayer man in traditional attire harvest coffee at his plantation. (Supplied)
Al-Dayer coffee farmers are keen to have their children take part in the process of caring for the trees and harfesting the beans. (Supplied)
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Al-Dayer coffee farmers are keen to have their children take part in the process of caring for the trees and harfesting the beans. (Supplied)
Al-Dayer coffee farmers are keen to have their children take part in the process of caring for the trees and harfesting the beans. (Supplied)
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Children aAl-Dayer coffee farmers are keen to have their children take part in the process of caring for the trees and harfesting the beans. (Supplied)nd parents on coffee farms enjoy the harvest, reflecting the value of the coffee tree among locals. (Supplied)
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Updated 21 January 2021

Wizrah and chemise: Traditional dress of Al-Dayer coffee bean farmers

Wizrah and chemise: Traditional  dress of Al-Dayer coffee bean farmers
  • The folk dress, which normally consists of two pieces, has been closely linked to the Khawlani coffee plantations in southern Saudi Arabia

JEDDAH: With their traditional outfit, coffee tree farmers in Jazan are preparing to host the eighth Coffee Beans Festival, which kicks off on Jan. 30.

The folk dress, which normally consists of two pieces, has been closely linked to the Khawlani coffee plantations in southern Saudi Arabia.

Indicating the importance of the Khawlani coffee tree in the hearts of its farmers, they wear the most luxurious clothing during the most crucial stages of the coffee trade, from planting the seedlings to selling the product.

Speaking to Arab News, Zahir Al-Maliki, publication administrator at the annual festival’s media committee, said that coffee farmers in southern Saudi Arabia — especially in the Bani Malik Mountains in Al-Dayer governorate east of the Jazan region — keep their old folk dresses, which children inherit from their fathers.




Al-Dayer coffee farmers are keen to have their children take part in the process of caring for the trees and harfesting the beans. (Supplied)

“There is still a large majority of the population that uses this dress and maintains it to the present day. The folk dress, locally called mountain dress, consists of a chemise (shirt), wizrah (skirt) and an aromatic headband,” he said.

He added that they use the same English word, chemise, to refer to the garment for the upper body.  

The shirt usually consists of one color and the men wear a belt that contains a Janbiyah (dagger with a short-curved blade with a medial ridge).

They also wear a headband, which consists of aromatic plants  such as kadi, wormwood and Arabian Jasmine.

Children and parents on coffee farms enjoy the harvest, reflecting the value of the coffee tree among locals. “People in southern Saudi Arabia view coffee as an integral part of their life,” Al-Maliki noted, adding that children also put on the same outfit and help their fathers with the trees.

HIGHLIGHT

Indicating the importance of the Khawlani coffee tree in the hearts of its farmers, they wear the most luxurious clothing during the most crucial stages of the coffee trade, from planting the seedlings to selling the product.

“Coffee farmers are keen to have their children take part in the process of caring for the trees, and children on most Khawlani coffee plantations in Al-Dayer wear folk dresses, adhering to heritage and reviving ancient customs,” he said.

Al-Maliki pointed out that wearing Janbiyah symbolizes courage and generosity, inspired by the tough nature of the surrounding mountains, in which farmers of the region have grown up. “When wearing Janbiyah, people usually show how proud they are of their ancestors’ traditions and customs. It also reminds them of the deep-rooted culture of their forefathers.”

Al-Maliki said they did not worry about children carrying blades because the people of the mountains are known for their tolerance and spontaneous, reconciliatory nature.

“People here are raised on cooperation, solidarity and altruism. Children wear Janbiyah only for adornment, and they are very proud of it, as it is part of the history of their descendants, exactly like their pride in caring for coffee trees,” he said.

According to Al-Maliki, locals treat coffee trees the way mothers look after their babies, calling it the most pampered tree in the area. “We call them the ‘spoiled trees’ because they need more care and attention than the other plants.”

It is common that this responsibility falls to men. However, he added, women sometimes do the task when men are away.




Al-Dayer coffee farmers are keen to have their children take part in the process of caring for the trees and harfesting the beans. (Supplied)

He estimated that there are more than 122,455 coffee trees in Al-Dayer governorate. “There are more than 171,380 coffee trees in the Jazan region. These produce up to 685,536 tons of coffee beans. However, Al-Dayer area produces more than 489, 820 tons of coffee beans, making it the capital of the Khawlani coffee beans in the Kingdom.”

There are over 1,596 coffee tree farmers in the Jazan region. More than 919 of these are located in Al-Dayer governorate.

This season, the organizing committee of the festival has set up a special health administration, whose role is to make sure — with cooperation with health authorities — that all measures are followed throughout the seven-day festival, in order to ensure the safety of the visitors.

The new administration will monitor social distancing and ensure masks are worn inside the festival site.


DiplomaticQuarter: Saudi Arabia, Azerbaijan discuss strengthening ties

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Updated 25 February 2021

DiplomaticQuarter: Saudi Arabia, Azerbaijan discuss strengthening ties

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RIYADH: Azerbaijan’s Ambassador to Saudi Arabia Shahin Abdullayev recently held a meeting with the joint Saudi-Azerbaijani Parliamentary Friendship Committee of the Shoura Council in Riyadh, the Saudi Press Agency reported.
The meeting was held under the co-chairmanship of Dr. Faiz Al-Shehri, member of the Shoura Council and head of the committee, and examined various ways to strengthen cooperation between the two countries in various fields, especially at the level of parliamentary relations between the Shoura Council and the Azerbaijani parliament.
Abdullayev wished the council success in its new session and expressed his appreciation for the Kingdom’s policies to enhance security, peace and stability in the Gulf region and beyond.
Al-Shehri ran through the Shoura Council’s organizational structure, and highlighted the importance of the diplomatic role played by parliamentary friendship committees.
Saudi Arabia and Azerbaijan celebrated the 25th anniversary of their diplomatic relations in February 2017.
The then-Azeri Ambassador in Riyadh Rasim Rzayev said at the time: “Azerbaijan and the Kingdom, two brotherly Muslim countries, have unique commonalities of a historical, religious and political nature.”
 


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Updated 25 February 2021

Eastern Province governor receives Netherlands ambassador to Saudi Arabia

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Eastern Province Gov. Prince Saud bin Naif met Janet Alberda, ambassador of the Kingdom of the Netherlands to Saudi Arabia, in Dammam on Wednesday.
During the meeting, they discussed bilateral relations between the two countries and issues of common interest, the Saudi Press Agency reported.
Alberda highlighted the development that the Eastern Province has been witnessing, and wished further progress and prosperity for the Kingdom.
The meeting was attended by the Saudi Honorary Consul to the Kingdom of the Netherlands Sulaiman Al-Suhaimi.
Also on Wednesday, Prince Saud received the regional director of Al Arabiya channel, Mohammed Al-Hekmi, accompanied by a number of employees.
Prince Saud praised the role of the media in highlighting the societal and development accomplishments of the Kingdom in general and the Eastern Province in particular.
The media played an influential role and was an important means of communication, he said.
Earlier, Prince Saud met the US consul general in Dhahran, Nicholle Manz-Baazaoui. Issues of common interest and ways to promote relationships between the two countries were discussed.
Prince Saud stressed the solid ties between the two countries and their common vision on various topics.
He also highlighted the two countries’ joint work toward achieving security and peace in the region and the world, as well as their economic and cultural cooperation.
 


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Updated 25 February 2021

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Tareq Al-Sadhan has been president and CEO of Riyad Bank since April 2019. Before that, he served as the bank’s senior executive vice president from January 2018 to March 2019.
Al-Sadhan worked with KPMG Saudi Arabia, where he spent 18 years rising through the ranks to become one of the youngest partners in the firm’s history.
He was CEO/managing partner and chairman of the advisory committee during his last five years at the company.
Before his current position, Al-Sadhan worked in the Kingdom’s public sector in roles such as adviser to the chairman in the Saudi Fund for Development, acting director general at the General Authority for Zakat and Tax, and deputy governor for supervision at the Saudi Central Bank.
Al-Sadhan holds a bachelor’s degree in administration science from King Saud University, majoring in accounting (1997), and a master’s degree in business management from Ecole Nationale des Ponts et Chaussees, France (2007).
He gained a diploma in international business from the University of Edinburgh in 2006, and a diploma in leadership development and strategy from INSEAD in 2010.
Al-Sadhan is a member of the 2020 World Economic Forum’s Stewardship Board for the Middle East and North Africa, and a fellow of the American Institute of Certified Public Accountants and the Saudi Organization for Certified Public Accountants.
He has been an audit committee member at the Public Investment Fund since March 2019, and an advisory board member at Mastercard since March 2018.


Saudi Prince Khalid bin Salman discusses defense relations with UK

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Updated 25 February 2021

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  • Prince Khalid bin Salman held a phone call with British Defense Secretary Ben Wallace

RIYADH: Saudi Deputy Defense Minister Prince Khalid bin Salman held a phone call with British Defense Secretary Ben Wallace to discuss defense relations between both countries. 

“Had a good call with the United Kingdom Defense Secretary Ben Wallace to discuss defense relations between our two friendly countries, and our common interests in achieving regional and international stability,” Prince Khalid tweeted Wednesday.

In an interview last year with Al Arabiya, Wallace said the UK’s relations with Saudi Arabia are not restricted to selling weapons, but a strong defense partnership.


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Updated 25 February 2021

KSrelief launches medical campaign in Djibouti

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DJIBOUTI: The King Salman Humanitarian Aid and Relief Center (KSrelief) has launched a voluntary medical campaign for specialized surgeries in Djibouti.

The center’s medical team has to date performed 41 urinary tract operations on children in the east African country and provided the necessary treatment for 60 other cases.

The health initiative is part of Saudi Arabia’s relief and humanitarian efforts, through the center, to help crisis-hit countries and the suffering of people around the world.