Fukushima far from solved, say Abe’s Games critics

Updated 26 December 2013
0

Fukushima far from solved, say Abe’s Games critics

Japan’s efforts to clean up its nuclear disaster face intense global scrutiny ahead of the Tokyo Olympics, observers say, but despite government promises that Fukushima is “under control” the crisis will not be over by 2020.
Speaking to Olympic chiefs in Buenos Aires just ahead of their weekend decision to award the Games to Tokyo, Japanese Prime Minister Shinzo Abe said there was nothing to worry about at the plant.
“Let me assure you, the situation is under control,” he said in a speech lauded by Japanese media as key to Tokyo’s success.
“It has never done and will never do any damage to Tokyo.” “Contaminated water has been contained in a 0.3 square-kilometer area of the harbor,” he added in a question-and-answer session.
“There have been no health problems and nor will there be. I will be taking responsibility for all the programs with regard to the plant and the leaks.” Critics at home and abroad say Abe’s gloss on the disaster at Fukushima, where a tsunami swamped cooling systems and sent reactors into meltdown, is bordering on the dishonest.
“I was flabbergasted by Abe’s speech,” said Hiroaki Koide, an associate professor at Kyoto University Research Reactor Institute.
“The problem of contaminated water is far from being solved. This problem has been going on all the time since the reactors were destroyed. Contaminated water has been leaking into the ocean ever since.” Late Monday, plant operator Tokyo Electric Power reported spiking levels of radiation in groundwater and said it was “likely” leaks from tanks storing highly polluted water had made their way into subterranean water, further complicating efforts to stem pollution.
Groundwater flows out to sea, taking along anything it has picked up and dumping it in the ocean.
Tomoo Watanabe, director of the Research Center for Fisheries Oceanography and Marine Ecosystems, said his understanding of the situation at Fukushima is not that it is “contained” in the way Abe explained it.
But he said he agreed with the prime minister that it is necessary to look behind the alarming headlines to see the truth.
“You may have a definite impression that the ocean is much more contaminated after TEPCO admitted to the water leak, but we have not seen any signs of that pollution spreading to fish,” he said.
Around 300 tons of mildly contaminated groundwater is entering the ocean every day, TEPCO says, having passed under the reactors.
Watanabe said fish caught offshore — outside the harbor — have shown a gradually decreasing level of caeseum contamination, more markedly so in waters 20 kilometers (12 miles) from the plant.
But, he added, the pollution inside the harbor is high and fish living there should not be allowed to escape into the ocean, where they would enter the food chain.
After weeks of bad news from Fukushima and amid a rising clamour of international criticism, Japan’s government stepped in last week with a half-billion dollar plan aimed at stemming the flow of polluted water reaching the sea.
Critics point out that so far, much of the work done at Fukushima to stabilize the plant has been temporary — the tanks storing highly radioactive water used to cool overheating reactors were never intended to be a permanent solution.
TEPCO’s own estimates suggest the full decommissioning of the site could take up to four decades and that much of the trickier work is yet to be done — notably the removal of reactor cores that have probably melted beyond recognition.
According to the utility’s own plan, these reactor cores — which are feared to have seeped into the containment vessels and possibly even eaten through thick concrete — will be removed around summer 2020, just as thousands of athletes descend on Tokyo.
Hiroshi Miyano, a nuclear plant expert and visiting professor at Hosei University in Tokyo, said despite the niceties in Buenos Aires, the clean-up was still a tall order.
“The Olympic success may give positive momentum and speed up the roadmap, but I’m afraid it will still take at least two decades to decommission Fukushima at best.” In an editorial published Tuesday, the left-leaning Asahi Shimbun said the fact of Shinzo Abe’s having stood on an international stage and promised to resolve the Fukushima crisis was a welcome move.
“This is an official pledge made to the world,” it said.
“Abe must take action so that he won’t be seen at home and abroad to have just stretched the truth to bring the Olympic Games to Tokyo. His ability to address this issue is now being watched.”


Israel closes people crossing with Gaza: official

Updated 16 min 34 sec ago
0

Israel closes people crossing with Gaza: official

  • Border protests and clashes on Friday left two Palestinians dead by Israeli gunfire
  • Israel’s army said firebombs and IEDs were also hurled at the border fence

JERUSALEM: Israel closed its only crossing for people with the Gaza Strip on Sunday except for humanitarian cases over border incidents that saw protests and clashes at the weekend, an Israeli official said.
A spokeswoman for the Israeli defense ministry unit that oversees the passage confirmed that the Erez crossing had been closed.
Border protests and clashes on Friday left two Palestinians dead by Israeli gunfire.
Israel’s army said firebombs and IEDs were also hurled at the border fence, while a number of Palestinians briefly crossed into Israeli territory.
The closure and border incidents occurred despite attempts by Egypt and UN officials to reach a long-term truce between Israel and Hamas, the Islamist movement that runs the blockaded Gaza Strip.
The spokeswoman for the defense ministry unit, known as COGAT, did not say how long the crossing would be closed.
The Palestinian Authority civilian affairs office in Gaza also confirmed the closure except for medical cases and Palestinians seeking to cross back into the enclave.
Israel has enforced an air, land and sea blockade on the Gaza Strip for more than a decade, but grants permission to a limited number of people to cross for various reasons.
Israel had just last week reopened its only goods crossing with Gaza after closing it to most deliveries for more than a month over border tensions.
Protests and clashes began on the Gaza border on March 30 and have continued at varying levels since then.
At least 171 Gazans have been killed by Israeli fire during that time. One Israeli soldier was shot dead by a Palestinian sniper in July.
There have also been several severe military flare-ups, including three since July.
UN officials and Egypt have been seeking to secure a long-term truce between Hamas and Israel to allow for humanitarian issues in the impoverished enclave of two million people to be addressed.
Israel is demanding calm and a return of the remains of two soldiers Hamas is believed to be holding.
Israel and Hamas have fought three wars since 2008.