Sri Lanka police break up Tamil war remembrance service

Updated 17 May 2014

Sri Lanka police break up Tamil war remembrance service

COLOMBO: Sri Lanka’s police broke up a remembrance service for ethnic Tamils killed in the separatist war, residents said Saturday, as the military prepared to celebrate its victory over Tamil Tiger rebels five years ago.
Tamil politicians attempted to stage the remembrance on Friday at local council offices in the northern battle-scarred town of Jaffna, defying a ban on public commemorations of war victims, witnesses said.
The government is planning a major military “victory parade” on Sunday to mark five years since the defeat of Tamil Tiger rebels, who waged a decades-long battle for a separate homeland for minority Tamils.
Services have been banned to honor Tamil rebels and remember civilians killed in the conflict which ended in 2009 after claiming at least 100,000 lives.
In Jaffna, police barricaded the building, preventing politicians from entering, and smashed a banana tree branch brought to the service in a Hindu religious practice to commemorate the dead, witnesses said.
“They lit camphor lamps just outside the council wall because they could not go in,” a witness said asking not to be named. “But, a policeman stamped on the camphor and snuffed out the flames.”
There were no reports of arrests in Jaffna, 400 kilometers (250 miles) north of Colombo, but authorities have warned they would use tough anti-terror laws against those defying the ban.
Government forces declared an end to the 37-year war after killing Velupillai Prabhakaran, leader of the Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam (LTTE) in a final battle in the northeast on May 18, 2009.
Local residents in Mullaittivu district where he died told AFP this week they will hold private memorials but no public events out of fear of arrest.
Human Rights groups have said at least 40,000 civilians were killed in the final months of the fighting alone and have accused government forces of war crimes, an allegation Colombo strongly denies.
The defense ministry said arrangements were in place for Sunday’s parade in Matara, the southern heartland of the majority ethnic Sinhalese and the birthplace of President Mahinda Rajapakse.
“All arrangements have been finalized for the holding of the 5th Victory Day in Matara on Sunday,” the ministry said, adding that more than 7,500 troops and police will be deployed.
Over 100 military vehicles, 40 ships and gunboats and 35 military aircraft will take part in the celebrations in the coastal town of Matara.

Kuril islands: strategic chain at heart of Russia-Japan dispute

Updated 45 min 25 sec ago

Kuril islands: strategic chain at heart of Russia-Japan dispute

  • Soviet troops seized the Kuril Islands from Japan in the final days of World War II
  • The islands are rich in hot springs and minerals and rare metals such as rhenium

MOSCOW: Called the Kurils by Russia and the Northern Territories by Japan, a string of volcanic islands are at the heart of a feud between the two countries that has prevented them signing a formal World War II peace treaty.
Talks stalled for decades due to Japan’s claim to the four strategic islands seized by the Soviet army in the final days of the war.
Here are some key facts about the Kuril islands:

• The disputed islands of Iturup (Etorofu in Japanese), Kunashir (Kunashiri), Shikotan and Habomai lie at their closest point just a few kilometers (miles) off the north coast of Hokkaido in Japan.
They are the southernmost islands in a volcanic chain that separates the Sea of Okhotsk and the Pacific Ocean.
They are located to the southeast of the Russian island of Sakhalin and are administratively part of the same region, although Tokyo considers them part of its Hokkaido prefecture and “illegally occupied by Russia.”

• Russian Empress Catherine the Great claimed sovereignty over the Kuril islands in 1786 after her government declared they were discovered by “Russian explorers” and therefore “undoubtedly must belong to Russia.”
In the first treaty between tsarist Russia and Japan in 1855, the frontier between the two countries was drawn just north of the four islands closest to Japan.
Twenty years later in 1875, a new treaty handed Tokyo the entire chain, in exchange for Russia gaining full control of the island of Sakhalin.
Japan seized back control of the southern half of Sakhalin after its crushing defeat of Moscow in the 1905 Russo-Japanese War.

• The Kuril islands have been back at the center of a dispute between Moscow and Tokyo since Soviet troops invaded them in the final days of World War II.
The USSR only entered into war with Japan on August 9, 1945, just after the United States had dropped the atomic bomb on Hiroshima.
The Soviet troops completed the takeover of the islands after Japan’s general surrendered later that month.

Russia argues that then US president Franklin Roosevelt promised Soviet leader Joseph Stalin he could take back the Kurils in exchange for joining the war against Japan when they met at the Yalta conference in February 1945 at which the Allied leaders divided up the post-war world.
The Soviet capture of the islands has since prevented Moscow and Tokyo from signing a formal peace treaty to end the war, despite repeated attempts over the past 70 years to reach an agreement.
In 1956, Soviet leader Nikita Krushchev first offered to give Japan the two smallest islands, Shikotan and Habomai, in exchange for signing a peace treaty but dropped the idea after Tokyo struck a military alliance with the United States.

Rich in hot springs and rare metals
Strategically, control of the islands ensures Russia has year-round access to the Pacific Ocean for its Pacific Fleet of warships and submarines based in Vladivostok, as the strait between Kunashir and Iturup does not freeze over in winter.
Russia has military bases on the archipelago and has deployed missile systems on the islands.
The islands’ current population is around 20,000 people.
After numerous meetings over the past few years between Japanese Prime Minister Shinzo Abe and Russian President Vladimir Putin, they have launched various economic projects on the islands in areas such as the farming of fish and shellfish, wind-generated energy, and tourism, though Moscow says investment is still meagre.
Since 2017, the two countries have also agreed on charter flights for Japanese former inhabitants to visit family graves there.
The islands are rich in hot springs and minerals and rare metals such as rhenium, which is used in the production of supersonic aircraft.