Sheep genome shows links between wool, health: study

Updated 08 June 2014
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Sheep genome shows links between wool, health: study

WASHINGTON: Scientists have mapped the entire genome of sheep, paving the way to improve the health of the humble farm animal for better meat and wool.
After eight years of work on the entire genetic makeup of the species, the researchers also found the secrets of the sheep’s digestive system and unique fat metabolism process that allows it to produce and maintain its thick coat.
Sheep became a species distinct from goats and other ruminants about four million years ago, with a four-compartmented stomach that can convert rich plant materials into animal protein, according to the study.
That digestive feature allows sheep to easily feed on a diet of low-quality grass and other plants.
The study published in the journal Science was the culmination of a project involving 26 institutions from eight countries that is part of the International Sheep Genomics Consortium.
Researchers hope their findings will help develop DNA tests to improve stock through accelerated breeding selection programs, and to further research to mitigate diseases affecting the animals.
“Given the importance of wool production, we focused on which genes were likely to be involved in producing wool,” said Brian Dalrymple, project leader at Australia’s national science agency the Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organization.
“We identified a new pathway for the metabolism of lipid in sheep skin, which may play a role in both the development of wool and in the efficient production of wool grease (lanolin).”
There are about a billion sheep around the world — including around 70 million in Australia alone. So the researchers predicted their work could have a “massive impact” for the rural economy due to the sheep service as a significant source of meat, milk and wool products.
Researchers from Australia, Britain, China, France, Denmark and New Zealand participated in the study.


Where We Are Going Today: Trend

Updated 18 April 2019
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Where We Are Going Today: Trend

As its name suggests, this is a restaurant that aims to set trends, with its distinctive meals and desserts, that others will want to follow.

At Trend, it is the little details and twists they put on familiar dishes that make all the difference, such as the blueberry sauce burger, wraps held together with pegs, black pasta and multicolored burger buns. However, it is not only the presentation of the food that sets Trend apart, but also the quality and originality of the flavors.

The restaurant also has a unique way of serving food: It is placed in layers in a tin that is placed upside down on your plate, and when it arrives at the table you lift the tin and let the layers spread out.

They also have Instagram-worthy menu options such as the Gold Burger, which is served with edible gold leaf on top of the bun. The location, in Beach Tower, on Corniche Road in Jeddah’s Ash Shati district, is also photo friendly and the perfect place to relax.