Dialogue is only way to promote harmony

Updated 23 June 2014
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Dialogue is only way to promote harmony

Saudi Arabia has embarked on national dialogue to pave the way for greater understanding among citizens and the need for coexistence of nationals with the expats living in the country besides providing a wider platform for interaction among the youth.
King Abdul Aziz Center for National Dialogue (KACND), established in 2003 by a royal decree, also facilitates dialogue among various sections of the society to promote public interest and consolidate national unity based on the Islamic faith.
This year, under the “Ambassador Program for Cross Cultural Dialogue” KACND organized a multicultural meeting with the participation of children of expats from the Philippines, Azerbaijan, India and the host country.
The event aimed to encourage kids from a young age to spread the culture of dialogue and respect cultural diversity.
This can only be achieved by consolidating national unity within the framework of the Islamic faith and deepening it further through comprehensive national dialogue.
Part of the process for inter-faith dialogue is tackling social, cultural, political, economic and educational problems on the basis of dialogue as well as setting up channels for putting in place a mechanism for joint action in this regard.
Other objectives include encouraging the largest possible number of people to take part in the dialogue and to further strengthen the role of civil societies for ensuring justice, equality and freedom of expression within the framework of the Islamic law.
The center also promotes the concept of dialogue within the society, turning it into a method for dealing with various types of problems.
It also believes in developing a strategic vision for national dialogue and ensuring the applications of the results obtained in the process. KACND has various programs and divisions such as a forum, a national meeting, an intellectual database, letters of dialogue, a youth committee and the center’s departments’ regional supervisors.
The first meeting of the KACND was held in Riyadh on July 15, 2002. It brought together various Saudi scholars and intellectuals from all over the country representing diversified viewpoints. During the four-day meeting on national unity, the main agenda was the role of scholars in cementing their function and international relations.
The second forum on “fighting religious fanaticism and extremism” was held in 2004 in Makkah while the 3rd session on “women’s rights and their obligation to the society” was held in the same year in Al-Madinah.
KACND has already organized a number of national dialogues and hundreds of workshops and trainings across the country. It has also received foreign dignitaries and delegations working for international dialogue.
A forum entitled “Young Saudis’ Expectations” organized by the KACND in Dhahran garnered a lot of interest as it focused on the problems men and women are facing currently. Both males and females representing their provinces and cities attended this forum.


How Saudi women are getting ahead of men as STEM graduates

Dr. Fatima Alakeel, cybersecurity expert. (AN photo)
Updated 20 March 2019
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How Saudi women are getting ahead of men as STEM graduates

  • ‘Securing a job after the degree remains the challenge,’ says Dr. Fatema Alakeel of King Saud University in Riyadh
  • ‘Saudi women are ambitious,’ says one graduate. ‘We are acquiring high degrees and seeking successful careers’

DUBAI: More and more girls in Saudi Arabia are opting for an education in science, technology, engineering and maths (STEM), and now the challenge is finding them employment, said Dr. Fatima Alakeel, a cybersecurity expert and faculty member at King Saud University (KSU) in Riyadh.
“In the Kingdom, STEM-related jobs are limited at the moment, as the economy is primarily oil-based and there are few technical jobs available,” said Alakeel, who is also the founder and CEO of the non-profit Confidentiality, Integrity & Availability Group (CIAG), which focuses on information security training and research in Riyadh.
According to a government report on the labor market situation in the third quarter of 2018, more than 30 percent of Saudi women aged between 15 and 65 are unemployed.
Among them, the highest rate of unemployment is among 20-24-year-olds (more than 70 percent) and among 25-29-year-olds (55 percent).
According to the report, there are 923,504 Saudi jobseekers, of whom 765,378 are women (82.2 percent).
“We have more girls in STEM education compared to Western countries,” said Alakeel, who completed her doctoral degree in computer science in the UK at the University of Southampton in 2017.
According to a report prepared by the Saudi Education Ministry, girls accounted for 57 percent of undergraduates for the year 2015-2016 in the Kingdom.
That same year, women outnumbered men in graduating with a bachelor’s in biology, information technology (IT), mathematics and statistics, and physics.
According to a survey Alakeel recently conducted on social media, “almost 80 percent of (Saudi) girls were keen to study STEM, but securing a job after the degree remains the challenge,” she said.
Maha Al-Taleb, 22, graduated earlier this year with a degree in technology from KSU, specializing in IT networks and security.
“It’s common for girls in the Kingdom to opt for STEM education,” said Al-Taleb, who now works in a public sector company in Riyadh as a junior information security analyst.
“Saudi women are ambitious. We’re acquiring high degrees and seeking successful careers. I don’t know why the world assumes that Saudi women are a backward tribal species who have no say in these matters. This entire perception is flawed.”
Al-Taleb got a job offer immediately after university, but realizes that not all her peers are as fortunate. Women “are facing problems in securing jobs, not because companies don’t want to hire us, but because employment for Saudi youths is a major challenge,” she said.
“In today’s Saudi Arabia, parents are encouraging their daughters to get a degree not just in the Kingdom; they also want them to go to Western universities. It has become a common phenomenon. Things have changed. Women are a crucial part of the nation’s development process.”
Not all women graduating in the Kingdom are as lucky, among them Razan Al-Qahtani. “It has been several months since I graduated, yet I haven’t been able to find a job. It has been a struggle so far,” said the 25-year-old IT graduate. “We have more talented and qualified girls, especially in the field of technology, but there are few jobs available. It’s a difficult situation, but we’re hopeful things will change very soon.”
Al-Qahtani expressed confidence that the Kingdom’s Vision 2030 reform plan will bring opportunities for qualified Saudis.
As part of Vision 2030, the government has committed to raise employment among Saudi women.
Alakeel said the government is working hard to find a solution, and it is only a matter of time until more such jobs are on offer.
“As per Vision 2030, there will be more jobs, including technical jobs, available in the country. Once we have more jobs, women will eventually get their due share,” she added. According to Alakeel, female empowerment and promotion to leading roles have made huge progress in Saudi Arabia, and this may affect existing STEM job opportunities.
“We’re glad to see Her Royal Highness Princess Reema bint Bandar Al-Saud becoming the first female ambassador of the country. It only suggests change is on the way,” Alakeel said.
Al-Taleb expressed pride in the way her parents have supported her, saying: “My father isn’t educated and my mother has basic literacy, but both provided me with the education I desired. They want their daughters to be as successful as their sons.”
Like women in any country, the transition from university to the workplace is not always easy, even for young Saudi women with technology degrees. Yet they are not losing hope.
“We realize these are difficult times in terms of employment, especially in technology-related fields, but things will change,” Al-Taleb said. “Saudi women will soon be ruling the fields of STEM all over the country.”