Mosul dam: A life source in northern Iraq

Updated 18 August 2014
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Mosul dam: A life source in northern Iraq

BAGHDAD: The Mosul dam is the biggest in Iraq and a strategic site that provides water and electricity to more than a million people in the north of the country.
Islamic State (IS) jihadists seized the dam on August 7 but Kurdish peshmerga fighters took it back on Sunday with support from US air strikes.
Completed in 1984, it suffers from structural problems that caused the US Army Corps of Engineers to once call it “the most dangerous dam in the world,” an accusation rejected by Iraqi authorities.
It is built on water soluble soils that must be constantly reinforced to prevent a collapse that could send a wall of water 20 meters (65 feet) high surging toward Mosul, a city of some 1.7 million inhabitants.
The dam lies about 50 kilometers (30 miles) north of Mosul on the Tigris River and can provide up to 1,010 megawatts of electricity according to the BBC, which cited the Iraqi State Commission for Dams and Reservoirs.
A 2007 study by US inspectors rated its output at a more modest 750 megawatts, said then to be enough power for 675,000 Iraqi homes.
The dam also holds back more than 12 billion cubic meters (425 billion cubic feet) of water needed for drinking and irrigation throughout the Nineveh province, and forms part of a regional flood control system as well.
One of former Iraqi dictator Saddam Hussein’s prestigious projects, the dam is the fourth largest in the Middle East according to an investment study presented to the OECD in 2010.
The main dam is 3.4 kilometers (2.1 miles) long and stands 113 meters (370 feet) high according to an October 2007 report by the US Office of the Special Inspector General for Iraq Reconstruction.
Construction required approximately 37.7 million cubic meters (1.3 billion cubic feet) of materials, mainly earth and concrete.
That paper and the study presented to the OECD underscored the dam’s structural instability, because it was built on gypsum and limestone soils that erode with exposure to water, leaving cavities underground.
Leaks must be filled almost constantly with grout, estimated in 2007 at 200 tons per year.
Since US forces invaded Iraq in 2003, the United States has invested more than $30 million (22 million euros) in surveillance and maintenance by Iraqi personnel, the BBC said.
Iraqi officials dismissed the US report as alarmist however, with the dam’s manager telling AFP at the time that “the overall structure is sound.”
The OECD report three years later nonetheless concluded that “a need for total reconstruction cannot be ruled out.”


UN Security Council approves Hodeidah ceasefire monitoring force in Yemen

Updated 16 January 2019
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UN Security Council approves Hodeidah ceasefire monitoring force in Yemen

  • Deployment will be known as the United Nations Mission to support the Hodeidah Agreement
  • Resolution requests the larger force to be deployed expeditiously

NEW YORK: The UN Security Council on Tuesday unanimously authorized the deployment of up to 75 observers to Yemen's port city of Hodeidah for six months to monitor a ceasefire.

The Security Council last month authorized an advance monitoring team led by retired Dutch General Patrick Cammaert and asked UN Secretary-General Antonio Guterres to recommended a larger operation.

The initial deployment came after a deal reached during talks in Sweden between the Iran-backed Houthi militants and the internationally recognized government. The UN says the ceasefire that went into force on Dec.18 in Hodeida has been generally holding, but there have been delays in the redeployment of Hothi and some government forces from the city.

The British-drafted resolution adopted on Wednesday asks Guterres to "expeditiously" deploy his recommended larger operation, which will be known as the United Nations Mission to support the Hodeidah Agreement (UNMHA).
The resolution also "requests Member States, particularly neighboring States, to support the United Nations as required for the implementation of UNMHA's mandate."
Guterres described the mission as a "nimble presence" that will report on violations in Hodeida, which for months was the front line in the war after pro-government forces launched an offensive to capture it in June.

Hodeidah is the entry point for most of Yemen's commercial goods and aid supplies, and a lifeline for millions of Yemenis on the verge of starvation.