Turkey to hit Syrian Kurd fighters if they do not leave Manbij

Turkish soldiers participate in an exercise on the Turkish-Syria border near the southeastern city of Kilis, Turkey. (Reuters)
Updated 03 March 2017

Turkey to hit Syrian Kurd fighters if they do not leave Manbij

ANKARA: Turkey on Thursday threatened to strike Syrian Kurdish militia forces if they do not withdraw from Manbij, a former bastion of Daesh extremists that has been taken over by predominantly-Kurdish forces.
“We will strike the YPG if they do not retreat,” Foreign Minister Mevlut Cavusoglu told journalists, referring to the Kurdish People’s Protection Units.
The YPG, which Ankara considers a “terrorist” organization, is backed by Washington as the most effective fighting force on the ground in the battle against Daesh.
Turkey launched a military campaign inside Syria in August, backing opposition fighters who captured a number of towns from Daesh, including Al-Bab near the Turkish border.
President Recep Tayyip Erdogan this week said the next target would be Manbij — which is now controlled by the US-backed Syrian Democratic Forces, a group dominated by Kurdish fighters that Ankara denounces as “terrorists.”
“We have not yet started our operation in Manbij,” Cavusoglu said.
Turkey has also said it wanted to work with its allies to capture Daesh bastion of Raqqa, but has ruled out any operation alongside the Kurdish militia.
“Let’s be realistic ... To carry out this (Raqqa) operation with YPG is to risk Syria’s future,” he said.
“We do not want our ally the US to continue cooperating with terror organizations that target us.”
Turkey has repeatedly said it will not allow a “terror corridor” along its southern border and is trying to prevent Syrian Kurdish militia from joining up its so-called “cantons” in the area.
Separately, a US-allied militia in northern Syria said on Thursday it would hand over villages on a front line where it has been fighting Turkish-backed fighters to Syrian regime control, under an agreement with Russia.
The villages will be surrendered to the Syrian regime in the coming days, an official in the Manbij Military Council told Reuters. An earlier statement by the council said the villages would be handed to Syrian border guards.
Cavusoglu told reporters in Ankara the report was false, but added there was an agreement with Russia that the Syrian regime and opposition forces should not fight each other in that area.
The villages west of the city of Manbij have been a focus of fighting between the Turkish-backed fighters and the Manbij Military Council, the US-allied militia, since Wednesday.
In another development, Syrian warplanes carried out eight airstrikes in an opposition-held district of the mostly regime-controlled city of Homs on Thursday.
The Syrian Observatory for Human Rights, a Britain-based war monitoring group, said the airstrikes killed two civilians and wounded more than 24 people in Al-Waer, as UN-sponsored peace talks continued in Geneva.
Although Homs, an early center of the uprising against President Bashar Assad, has been almost entirely held by the regime since 2014, Al-Waer, a western district, remains in opposition hands.
Opposition shelling killed two people and wounded six in the regime-held district of Al-Zahra on Thursday, the Observatory said.
A US general has, meanwhile, claimed that a Russian airstrike hit US-backed Syrian Arab forces who are part of the fight against Daesh.
Army Lt. Gen. Stephen Townsend says an unspecified number of American troops were a few miles away, out of immediate danger but close enough to see their Syrian partners being hit.
Townsend said the Americans sent word that quickly reached Russian officials. Russia then acknowledged the problem and stopped bombing.
Townsend said Wednesday he believes the Russians thought they were striking a Daesh position. But Daesh fighters had left the village before the bombing and members of what the US calls the Syrian Arab Coalition had moved in.

Cairo turns to Tokyo for a lesson on education

Updated 22 August 2019

Cairo turns to Tokyo for a lesson on education

  • The Japanese education system is recognized as one of the top five worldwide

CAIRO: Egypt is seeking Japan’s help to improve its education system, which has fallen to 130th place in international rankings.

The Japanese education system is recognized as one of the top five worldwide, and Cairo is hoping to apply key aspects of Japan’s approach to the Egyptian curriculum.

Education has played a major role in transforming Japan from a feudal state receiving aid following World War II to a modern economic powerhouse. 

During a visit to Japan in 2016, Egyptian President Abdel Fattah El-Sisi discussed political and economic development with Japanese officials, and was also briefed on the Japanese education system.

The Egyptian leader visited Japanese schools and called on Japan to help Egypt introduce a similar system in its schools.  

As part of Egyptian-Japanese cooperation, Japan’s embassy established cultural cooperation as well as technical and professional education links between the two countries. Collaboration has been strengthened from kindergarten to post-university, with Japanese experts contributing in various education fields.

Japanese experts have held seminars in schools across the country, focusing on basic education. 

During one seminar, Japan highlighted the importance of enhancing education by playing games during kindergarten and primary school, encouraging children’s ability and desire to explore.  

Education expert Ola El-Hazeq told Arab News that the Japanese system focuses on developing students’ sense of collective worth and responsibility toward society. This starts with their surrounding environment by taking care of school buildings, educational equipment and school furniture, for example.

“Japanese schools are known for being clean,” El-Hazeq said. “The first thing that surprises a school visitor is finding sneakers placed neatly in a locker or on wooden shelves at the school entrance. Each sneaker has its owner’s name on it. This is a habit picked up at most primary and intermediate schools as well as in many high schools.”

Japanese students also clean their classrooms, collect leaves that have fallen in the playground and take out the garbage. In many cases, teachers join students to clean up schools and also public gardens and beaches during the summer holidays.

El-Hazeq added that neither the teachers nor the students find it beneath their dignity to carry out such chores.

The academic year in Japan continues for almost 11 months, different from most other countries, with the Japanese academic year starting on April 1 and ending on March 31 the following year.

Japan’s school days and hours are relatively longer in comparison with other countries. Usually the school day is from 8 a.m. to 4 p.m. Teachers normally work until 5 p.m. but sometimes up to 7 p.m. Holidays are shorter than in other countries. Spring and winter holidays are no longer than 10 days, and the summer holiday ranges from 40 to 45 days.