Lawyer finds fault with India’s security threat bogey

A Rohingya Muslim girl Yasmin Ara stands in front of her shanty at a camp for refugees in Hyderabad, in this Sept. 18, 2017 photo. (AP)
Updated 20 September 2017
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Lawyer finds fault with India’s security threat bogey

NEW DELHI: “I’m really scared. Where I will go if the Indian government throws me out of the country?” asked Ali Chan, a 31-year-old Rohingya Muslim living as a refugee in India since 2011.
Fellow Rohingya Muan Rafique said: “Until the situation in my country (Myanmar) improves, we should be allowed to stay in India.”
But a senior lawyer representing India’s government told the Supreme Court on Thursday that the “Rohingya are a threat to national security.”
Intelligence agencies have credible information that some Rohingya leaders are in touch with militant groups in Pakistan, the lawyer said.
The government’s submission came in response to a petition filed at the court challenging the government’s decision to deport Rohingya refugees, some 40,000 of whom are in various parts of India.
“I’m representing 6,000 Rohingya in Jammu, and not a single one has been arrested for any crime despite staying here for many years,” Colin Gonsalves, a senior lawyer and one of the petitioners, told Arab News.
“Legally, the government doesn’t have the right to deport them. Mass deportations are like genocide, and the bogey of national security is being blown out of proportion.”
Fellow petitioner Rafique said: “No Rohingya settled in India is involved in any terror activity. We’re fighting for survival, and we’re grateful to the Indian people for giving us space to live here.”
The opposition Congress Party has warned the government against this “blanket approach,” urging “restraint” on the Rohingya issue.
“I think it’s incumbent, obligatory, on the part of the government to take every part of the political spectrum — opposition, regional and national parties — into confidence in a collective sense on this very important and sensitive matter,” said Congress Party spokesman Abhishek Singhvi at a press conference on Monday.
Last week, UN human rights chief Zeid Ra’ad Al-Hussein said he deplored “current measures in India to deport Rohingya at a time of such violence against them in their country.”
He added: “India can’t carry out collective expulsions, or return people to a place where they risk torture or other serious violations.”
But Rajiv Bhatia, a former Indian ambassador to Myanmar, said one should look at the Indian government’s stand “holistically.”
He added: “You have to judge India by what they’re doing on the ground. They’re helping refugees, asking the Myanmar government to show restraint, and looking at what can be done with these 40,000 Rohingya who have taken shelter in India. Nobody is being deported tomorrow, but serious scrutiny is going on as far as I know.”
Joyeeta Bhattacharjee, a senior fellow at the Observer Research Foundation, a New Delhi-based think tank, said: “To call Rohingya a security threat is a little exaggerated, but security concerns can’t be overlooked.”


Indian manned space flight ‘by 2022,’ PM pledges

Updated 15 August 2018
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Indian manned space flight ‘by 2022,’ PM pledges

  • Modi highlights manned space mission and major health care initiative during independence day address
  • PM’s speech a campaign launch for next year’s elections, observers say

NEW DELHI: India is planning its first manned space mission by 2022, Prime Minister Narendra Modi announced on Wednesday.

Delivering his fifth independence day speech from the ramparts of the historic Red Fort in New Delhi, Modi said that the manned flight would be the culmination of India’s recent advances in space science.

“We have decided that by 2022, when India completes 75 years of independence, or before that, a son or daughter of India will go to space with a tricolor in their hands,” he said.

India will become the fourth nation after the US, Russia and China to send a manned mission to space.

In his 90-minute speech, Modi listed his achievements of the past four-and-a-half years and announced a new health care scheme that would cover 5 billion people.

Observers described Modi’s speech as a campaign launch for next year’s elections.

“No doubt next year’s elections are playing on the PM’s mind. The tone and tenor of the address reflects that,” said political analyst and author Nilanjan Mukhopadhyay.

As expected, the Indian PM announced his government’s flagship program, Ayushman Bharat, a national health scheme that will offer health insurance from about $5,000 to 1.4 million poorer families.

Popularly named “Modicare,” the scheme targets rural and middle-class voters and will be rolled out in the final week of September.

Comparing the past four years of his leadership with the previous government, Modi said that “the red tape has gone and now there is more ease of business — the sleeping elephant has started walking.”

He boasted that “India’s standing in the world has increased in the past four years and today when any Indian goes anywhere, all countries of the world welcome them and the power of the Indian passport has increased.”

However, the opposition Congress Party described the speech as high in rhetoric and low in substance.

“The Indian economy is a virtual shambles. The rupee has crashed to a historic low. Joblessness, farmers’ suicides, atrocities against marginalized Dalit groups, attack on minorities, corruption — all these show that the government has failed,” said Sanjay Jha, a Congress Party spokesman.

Aateka Khan, of Delhi University, said Modi’s speech was “hollow” and that “India has never looked as divided as it is looking now. He has failed to assure the besieged minorities about their security.”

Mukhopadhyay said the speech was “disappointing” and failed to reflect the vision Modi set out when he addressed the nation for the first time in 2014.

“He seems to be still blaming the opposition for the ills of the country,” the political analyst said.

Mukhopadhyay believes that “Modicare” ignores India’s huge infrastructure deficiency. “In the absence of good medical facilities, how are poor people going to benefit from the insurance?” he asked.

India’s 71st independence day also offered observers a chance to reflect and assess the country’s future.

“The legacy of freedom is under siege today. We as a modern nation state with secular principle are at a crossroads,” said Santosh Sarang, a political analysts based in the eastern Indian state of Bihar.

“The forces of division are more predominant today than ever before in this independent nation.”

Sarang said that “economic growth is not the only parameter that can make India great; keeping India together and preserving its syncretic culture is also important. The way the attack on minorities has increased and their sense of insecurity has been institutionalized make us question how long we can remain a liberal and secular democracy.”

He warned that “majoritarian Hindu forces now want to rewrite the Indian constitution to make it exclusive, not inclusive.”

Urmilesh, a New Delhi-based thinker and analyst, agreed. “What is at stake is the idea of India. In 1947, we took a pledge to make India a modern, progressive nation and tried to promote scientific temper among new generation, but today a new idea of India is being promoted which sees its future in majoritarian politics. This is very much against the spirit of freedom struggle and nation-building.”

He said that independence day left him “somber and sad” that fundamentalist forces, such as Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh and its protege Bhartiya Janata Party, which never participated in the freedom struggle and opposed the creation of a liberal and secular India, are ruling the country.

“The atmosphere in the country is so vicious that religious minorities and liberals have been pushed to the edge,” he said.

The right-wing activist Nirala, however, said that “the meaning of independence day does not remain the same all the time. We cannot have the same prism of looking at India as it was in 1947. What is happening today is the redefining of nationalism, which reflects the majoritarian thinking. Hinduism is the way of life in India and it should asserted unabashedly.”