Iraq on Thursday hanged 38 militants belonging to Daesh or Al-Qaeda for terrorism offenses at a prison in the southern city of Nasiriyah, according to provincial authorities.
It was the largest number of executions in Iraq on a single day since Sept. 25, when 42 people were put to death in the same prison.
“We are deeply shocked and appalled at the mass execution on Thursday,” UN human rights office spokeswoman Liz Throssell told reporters in Geneva.
The hangings, she warned, “once again raises huge concerns about the use of the death penalty in the country.”
The UN had determined that all of the 38 executed prisoners were men and had been convicted for terrorism-related crimes, but could say nothing more about their identities, she said.
A prison source however told AFP that they were all Iraqis, but that one also held Swedish nationality.
The executions came after Prime Minister Haider Abadi on Saturday declared victory against Daesh after a three-year campaign by government forces backed by a US-led coalition to retake territory seized by the militants.
The UN and rights watchdog Amnesty International have repeatedly voiced concerns about the use of the death penalty in Iraq, which ranks among the world’s top executioners, after China and Iran.
“Given the flaws of the Iraqi justice system, it appears extremely doubtful that strict due process and fair trial guarantees were followed in these 38 cases,” Throssell warned.
“This raises the prospect of irreversible miscarriages of justice and violations of the right to life,” she said.
The UN has learned of 106 executions in Iraq so far this year, including the mass-hangings in September.
“We once again urge the Iraqi authorities to halt all executions, establish an immediate moratorium on the use of the death penalty and carry out an urgent and comprehensive review of the criminal justice system,” Throssell said.
Sweden summons Iraq envoy
Sweden on Friday summoned Iraq’s ambassador after condemning the hanging of an Iraqi-Swedish citizen among 38 militants.
“The death penalty is an inhumane, cruel, and irreversible punishment. Sweden and the rest of the EU condemn its application in all its forms,” Swedish Foreign Minister Margot Wallstrom said in a statement.
“We have repeatedly throughout the years and at all levels protested against our citizens being sentenced to death,” she said.
“We had appealed to Iraq to not enforce the sentence but to turn it into a prison sentence,” Wallstrom said. A source at the prison said all the militants were Iraqis, while the Swedish citizen, who Swedish media reports said was in his 60s, had dual Iraqi citizenship.
Swedish authorities did not confirm his age, nor how he ended up in Iraq or whether he was a Daesh or Al-Qaeda member.
The Swedish Foreign Ministry said he “lived in Iraq” and was “sentenced to death by an Iraqi court in 2010 for terrorist crimes.”