Afghan opposition factions join hands against Ghani

Afghan police officers keep watch at their forward base on the outskirts of Kunduz province, Afghanistan, in this November 26, 2017 photo. (REUTERS)
Updated 18 December 2017
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Afghan opposition factions join hands against Ghani

KABUL: An Afghan faction which is a key partner of President Ashraf Ghani’s government has threatened his plan to fire a leading member of the party who has been a long-serving governor for northern Balkh province.
The development adds further to the already deepening political tension in the US-backed government while Taliban insurgents and Daesh affiliates make gains on the battlefield and with growing calls for convocation of a grand traditional assembly which may decide on the formation of an interim government and on the fate of US forces in Afghanistan.
The leadership of Jamiat-e-Islami party held talks with the powerful governor of Balkh, Atta Mohammad Noor, on the government’s decision and unanimously said that “it will confront any move that removes Atta from office,” party members told Arab News on Sunday.
“Jamiat unanimously has put forward two options to ARG (presidential palace): Jamiat is ready for understanding to settle this problem, but if it does not go for this option and issues order, decree (for dismissing Atta), then we will not accept that,” Abdul Hafeez Mansoor, a senior member of Jamiat, said.
“And Jamit is ready for confrontation. We do not have a government based on elections criteria. This government is based on an understanding of two sides, and no one can get rid of the other side.”
Another party member said any unilateral move on Ghani’s part will lead to Jamiat totally boycotting the government that came to power in late 2014 under a US-brokered deal after controversial election results.
Under the US-brokered deal, the Jamiat faction which has dominated the government since Taliban’s ouster in 2001 became a key partner in Ghani’s government.
Ghani has gradually reduced the role of Jamiat figures in recent months and in summer blocked the arrival of his first vice president General Abdul Rashid Dostum, another factional leader, to Balkh to announce the formation of an opposition alliance with Atta and another senior member of Ghani’s government.
Dostum lives in exile in Turkey for allegedly ordering the detention and sexual abuse of a political rival.
Weeks ago, Atta accused Ghani’s government of barring his plane from traveling to Kandahar, where a group of opposition parties and parliamentarians had gathered to discuss shortcomings in the government and spoke about their concern over alleged government meddling with next year’s parliamentarian and the 2019 presidential polls, when Ghani is highly expected to run for office again.
Dostum, Atta and many of those who had gathered in Kandahar accuse Ghani of power monopoly and nepotism. Ghani, who is under US and Western donors’ pressure for bringing reforms in his government, denies the allegations.
Mansoor said Jamiat had informed Ghani through a senior party’s leader who serves as CE in his administration, Dr. Abdullah, about the outcome of a unilateral move on the president’s part for planning to fire Atta.
Shah Hussein Murtazawi, a spokesman for Ghani, neither confirmed nor denied the president’s plan for dismissing Atta.
“Replacement and change of governors is an ordinary matter and we expect they will not turn this into a political or dignity issue. Maybe he will or will not be fired or decide to resign,” Murtazawi told Arab News.
Najib Mahmoud, a professor of political science at Kabul University, said the latest tension was “serious” for the Afghan government and “shrewd” action was needed to control the situation.
“The government has been under pressure from politicians and leaders who are members of the very administration in recent years and no doubt local and foreign opponents have benefited from this (in the past) and will do so this time too if both sides (Atta and Ghani) reach the end of the line,” he told Arab News.
“In normal countries if coalition governments fall apart, they call snap elections, but in Afghanistan if this happens the situation can be very different. There will be tension and problems.”


India, Pakistan foreign ministers to hold rare meeting

Updated 20 September 2018
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India, Pakistan foreign ministers to hold rare meeting

NEW DELHI: The foreign ministers of arch-rivals India and Pakistan will hold a rare meeting on the sidelines of the UN General Assembly underway in New York, officials in New Delhi said Thursday.
The announcement comes after Pakistani Prime Minister Imran Khan wrote to his Indian counterpart Narendra Modi calling for a resumption of talks between the nuclear-armed foes.
High-level talks between India and Pakistan are rare. Indian media described the slated meeting as the first in nearly three years.
India has long accused Pakistan of arming rebel groups in Kashmir, a Himalayan territory divided between the two countries but claimed in full by both.
India also blames Pakistan for financing the deadly 2008 militant attacks in Mumbai.
A spokesman for India’s external affairs ministry said the New York tete-a-tete between Sushma Swaraj and Pakistan’s Shah Mehmood Qureshi did not represent a shift in New Delhi’s relations with Islamabad.
“This does not indicate any change in our policy on cross-border terrorism,” spokesman Raveesh Kumar told reporters in the Indian capital.
The announcement comes as the already-fraught relationship between the rivals hit fresh roadblocks this week.
The death of an Indian border guard Wednesday in Kashmir provoked outrage, with New Delhi accusing Pakistani forces of mutilating his corpse.
“It was a barbaric incident that defies logic and civilized behavior. We will take it up with Pakistan in an appropriate manner,” Kumar said.
Navjot Sidhu, an Indian cricketer-turned-politician, earlier came under fire after returning from Pakistan where he was filmed hugging the country’s army chief.