Daesh retreats online to ‘virtual caliphate’

This undated file image posted on Aug. 27, 2014, by the Raqqa Media Center of the Daesh group, shows a jihadist waving their flag from inside a captured government fighter jet following the battle for the Tabqa air base, in Raqqa. Back in 2015, when the jihadists held a huge swath of territory in Iraq and Syria, they also commanded a huge digital presence, flooding the web with slick propaganda lionizing their fighters and romanticizing life under their rule. (AP file photo)
Updated 10 January 2018
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Daesh retreats online to ‘virtual caliphate’

PARIS: On the brink of defeat in Iraq and Syria, the Daesh group has been taking refuge in its “virtual caliphate” — but even online, experts say it is in decline.
Back in 2015, when the jihadists held territory the size of Italy, they also commanded a huge digital presence, flooding the web with slick propaganda lionizing their fighters and romanticizing life under their rule.
Today, with many of the top Daesh leaders either dead or on the run, what remains of the group’s once-sophisticated propaganda machine is also a shadow of its former self.
Their media centers destroyed, remaining propagandists find themselves struggling to maintain an Internet connection while battling surveillance from international intelligence services.
The group is less and less vocal on the web, largely leaving supporters whom it cannot control to speak in its name.
“It’s almost as if someone has pressed the mute button on the Islamic State,” said Charlie Winter, a researcher at King’s College London who has been studying Daesh communications for years. Daesh is the Arabic acronym for the Islamic State of Iraq and Syria.
Between November 8 and 9 the group even went completely silent for a full 24 hours in what Winter said was an “unprecedented” break from social media.
In 2015, when Daesh was ruling over roughly seven million people in Iraq and Syria, its propagandists produced “content from 38 different media offices from West Africa to Afghanistan,” Winter said.
But by December, more than three quarters of these outlets had been “almost totally silenced,” he added.
Albert Ford, a researcher at US think-tank New America who has studied the exodus of foreign fighters to join Daesh, also said the group’s media output was “falling off considerably.”
“Fewer places to get information, fewer ways to upload it,” he said.

LOST 'GOLDEN AGE'
Back in March as Iraqi forces were ousting Daesh from their long-held bastion Mosul, an AFP journalist was able to pick through the wreckage of what was once a jihadist media center.
Between the burnt walls of the villa in an upscale part of the city were the remains of computers, printers and broadcasting equipment.
In the months before and since, the US-led military coalition fighting Daesh has repeatedly announced the deaths of senior jihadist communications officers, usually in air strikes.
Among them was the top strategist and spokesman Abu Mohamed Al-Adnani, killed in a US strike in northern Syria in August 2016.
These days Daesh propagandists mostly use the web to encourage supporters to launch attacks on their own initiative, with the much-weakened group unable to play a direct hand in organizing them.
These calls are often issued via the “deep web,” a heavily encrypted part of the Internet which is almost impossible to regulate, or the Telegram app.
Winter said he had seen a trend emerging of posts seeking to cultivate a sense of nostalgia among supporters for the height of the group’s power.
By portraying events three years ago a “golden age” stolen by “the enemies of Islam,” Daesh is hoping to convince new recruits that such times could come again if they join the cause, Winter said.
Bruce Hoffman, a terrorism specialist at Georgetown University in Washington, said the principal danger of Daesh now lies in what he calls “enabled attackers.”
A jihadist recruit such as this would have “no previous ties to terrorist organizations,” Hoffman said.
“But he is furnished very specific targeting instructions and intelligence in order to better facilitate and ensure the success of his attack.”
Such wannabe jihadists need look no further than the Internet for abundant advice that has been available online for years — and will merely pop up again after any attempt to remove it.


Facing populist assault, global elites regroup in Davos

Updated 20 min 50 sec ago
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Facing populist assault, global elites regroup in Davos

DAVOS: As the world’s financial and political elites convene here in the Swiss Alps for the World Economic Forum, their vision of ever-closer commercial and political ties is under attack — and the economic outlook is darkening.
Britain’s political system has been thrown into chaos as the country negotiates a messy divorce from the European Union. Under President Donald Trump, the United States is imposing trade sanctions on friend and foe alike, and the government is paralyzed by a partial shutdown that forced Trump and a high-level US delegation to cancel the trip to Davos.
French President Emmanuel Macron is sinking in the polls as he contends with “yellow vest” protesters. Nationalist political movements are gaining strength across Europe.
And experts are downgrading forecasts for global growth this year.