Saudi Arabian privatization plans accelerate with international tender to build 60 schools

As many as 60 schools are to be built in Saudi Arabia. (REUTERS)
Updated 17 January 2018
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Saudi Arabian privatization plans accelerate with international tender to build 60 schools

DUBAI: The Saudi Arabian privatization program, a crucial part of the Vision 2030 strategy, is gathering pace with the launch of a tender to the private sector to build 60 new schools for children in the Jeddah and Makkah areas.
In a further sign of progress toward the sell-off of government controlled parts of the economy, it was also announced that the flour milling companies owned by the Saudi Grain Organization (SAGO) could be ready for sale in the first half of this year.
The schools announcement was made by Tatweer Buildings Company (TBC), a government owned company involved in all aspects of educational infrastructure. No value is put upon the contract in the tender documents.
HSBC, the global bank involved in many aspects of the Saudi privatization plan, is financial adviser to TBC. A bank spokesman said the tender was open to Saudi and international bidders.
Education was one of the areas earmarked for involvement by the private sector in a sell-off of state-owned assets that could be valued at as much as $200 billion over the next decade, according to official statements from the Ministry of Economy and Planning last year.
Privatization is regarded as a key component of the Vision 2030 strategy to reduce the Kingdom’s dependence on oil revenue and the public sector.
Tatweer is seeking “a developer or developers forming a consortium to design, build, finance, maintain and transfer public school buildings on various sites in Jeddah and Makkah leased to TBC by the Ministry of Education. The sites will also include, where appropriate, a multipurpose hall and can accommodate children with disabilities, catering facilities and specialist teaching areas in line with the Kingdom’s pedagogic objectives and strategy.
“The ministry will be responsible for providing the education services and information, communication and technology equipment and services. It is also anticipated that the developer or developers forming a consortium would look to develop a third party revenue generation model for any facilities such as the sports facilities when not in use by the ministry,” it added.
Wave 1 of the project will include kindergarten, elementary, intermediate and secondary schools, for boys and girls, TBC said.
An open investor conference will be held in Riyadh next month to gauge interest in the tender from developers, investors, financial institutions and professionals. TBC is also being advised by the UK-based law firm Allen & Overy as international legal counsel.
HSBC also announced that it had made progress on preparing SAGO for sale, in terms of the company’s business model, regulatory set-up and financial accounts for the 2017 financial year.
Details of the sales process will be announced during the second quarter of this year, HSBC said. The bank added: “The milling companies represent a unique investment opportunity in the flour milling sector in Saudi Arabia, the largest economy in the Middle East. The milling companies also present opportunities for expansion into value added product within the Saudi market.”


Undersea gas fires Egypt’s regional energy dreams

Updated 18 November 2018
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Undersea gas fires Egypt’s regional energy dreams

  • In the past year, gas has started flowing from four major fields off Egypt’s Mediterranean coast
  • Gas production has now hit 184 million cubic meters a day

CAIRO: Egypt is looking to use its vast, newly tapped undersea gas reserves to establish itself as a key energy exporter and revive its flagging economy.
Encouraged by the discovery of huge natural gas fields in the Mediterranean, Cairo has in recent months signed gas deals with neighboring Israel as well as Cyprus and Greece.
Former oil minister Osama Kamal said Egypt has a “plan to become a regional energy hub.”
In the past year, gas has started flowing from four major fields off Egypt’s Mediterranean coast, including the vast Zohr field, inaugurated with great ceremony by President Abdel Fattah El-Sisi.
Discovered in 2015 by Italian energy giant Eni, Zohr is the biggest gas field so far found in Egyptian waters.
The immediate upshot has been that since September, the Arab world’s most populous country has been able to halt imports of liquified natural gas, which last year cost it some $220 million (190 million euros) per month.
Coming after a financial crisis that pushed Cairo in 2016 to take a $12 billion loan from the International Monetary Fund, the gas has been a lifeline.
Egypt’s budget deficit, which hit 10.9 percent of GDP in the financial year 2016-17, has since fallen to 9.8 percent.
Gas production has now hit 184 million cubic meters a day.
Having met its own needs, Cairo is looking to kickstart exports and extend its regional influence.
It has signed deals to import gas from neighboring countries for liquefaction at installations on its Mediterranean coast, ready for re-export to Europe.
In September, Egypt signed a deal with Cyprus to build a pipeline to pump Cypriot gas hundreds of kilometers to Egypt for processing before being exported to Europe.
That came amid tensions between Egypt and Turkey — which has supported the Muslim Brotherhood, seen by Cairo as a terrorist organization, and has troops in breakaway northern Cyprus.
In February, Egypt, the only Arab state apart from Jordan to have a peace deal with Israel, inked an agreement to import gas from the Jewish state’s Tamar and Leviathan reservoirs.
A US-Israeli consortium leading the development of Israel’s offshore gas reserves in September announced it would buy part of a disused pipeline connecting the Israeli coastal city of Ashkelon with the northern Sinai peninsula.
That would bypass a land pipeline across the Sinai that was repeatedly targeted by jihadists in 2011 and 2012.
The $15-billion deal will see some 64 billion cubic meters of gas pumped in from the Israeli fields over 10 years.
Independent news website Mada Masr reported that Egypt’s General Intelligence Service is the majority shareholder in East Gas, which will earn the largest part of the profits from the import of Israeli gas and its resale to the Egyptian state.
Kamal said he sees “no problem” in that, adding that the agency has held a majority stake in the firm since 2003.
“That guarantees the protection of Egyptian interests,” he said.
Ezzat Abdel Aziz, former president of the Egyptian Atomic Energy Agency, said the projects were “of vital importance for Egypt” and would have direct returns for the Egyptian economy.
They “confirm the strategic importance of Egypt and allow it to take advantage of its location between producing countries in the east and consuming countries of the West,” he said.
The Egyptian state is also hoping to rake in billions of dollars in revenues from petro-chemicals.
Its regional energy ambitions are “not limited to the natural gas sector, but also involve major projects in the petroleum and petrochemical sectors,” said former oil minister Kamal.
Minister of Petroleum and Mineral Resources Tarek El Molla recently announced a deal to expand the Midor refinery in the Egyptian capital to boost its output by some 60 percent.
On top of that, the new Mostorod refinery in northern Cairo is set to produce 4.4 million tons of petroleum products a year after it comes online by next May, according to Ahmed Heikal, president of Egyptian investment firm Citadel Capital.
That alone will save the state $2 billion a year on petrochemical imports, which last year cost it some $5.2 billion.
Egypt is also investing in a processing plant on the Red Sea that could produce some four million tons of petro-products a year — as well as creating 3,000 jobs in a country where unemployment is rife.