Yemen’s treasures threatened by antique raiders
Yemen’s treasures threatened by antique raiders
The International Council of Museums (ICOM) said several Yemeni sites and museums have already been looted and released a 13-page “Red List” report about it for traders and customs officers at The Metropolitan Museum of Art in Manhattan.
The list features detailed descriptions of bronze daggers, figurines, incense burners, astrolabes, illuminated Arabic manuscripts and other items from Yemen over the past three millennia that are at risk of trafficking.
“A considerable number of sites and museums have been looted and cultural objects from Yemen are today at risk of being illegally trafficked,” France Desmarais, ICOM’s director of programs and partnerships, told Arab News.
“The need for a tool to help protect the cultural heritage of Yemen is more than urgent.”
Cultural relics looted from Yemen, Syria, Libya and other war-torn countries have been discovered in Switzerland and other European nations that have sought to crack down on an illegal trade that helps fund extremists.
ICOM’s watch-lists describe antiques that are “on demand on the art market and are at risk of being looted, stolen or illegally exported.” They aim to persuade traders against buying items that cannot be traced to source.
“Individuals and institutions wishing to acquire cultural objects from Yemen are urged not to acquire objects presented on this list without having thoroughly researched its origin and all the legal documentation,” says the ICOM report.
“In the event of any doubt as to the legality of the transaction, buyers should abstain from acquiring the object.”
In March, G-7 nations — Canada, France, Germany, Japan, Britain, the US and Italy — signed an accord to strengthen global collaboration to protect cultural heritage after the ancient Syrian city of Palmyra and the shrines of Timbuktu in Mali were ravaged.
A Saudi-led coalition is fighting in Yemen on behalf of an internationally backed government against Houthi forces, which controls Sanaa and much of the impoverished country. Three years of war have killed more than 10,000 people and pushed the country to the brink of famine.
Yemen is one of the Middle East’s oldest centers of civilization and has four inscriptions on UNESCO’s list of World Heritage Sites, including the historic parts of Zabid, Sanaa and Shibham. Ten other sites were suggested in 2002 before the civil war erupted.
Ex-child soldier presents damning testimony of Houthi recruitment in Yemen
- Children who try to flee are recaptured and forced to continue fighting
- The study shows 80 percent of child soldiers in Yemen begin fighting to earn much-needed money
JEDDAH: Children recruited as fighters by Iran-backed Houthi militias in Yemen are beaten into submission and face psychological abuse, as well as the risk of death, injury and disability, a former child soldier said on Friday.
Those who try to flee are recaptured and forced to continue fighting, he told the Yemeni Coalition to Monitor Human Rights Violations (YCMHRV).
The child’s testimony is part of a documentary about the recruitment of children in Yemen, which was broadcast during the 38th session of the UN Human Rights Council in Geneva, the Saudi Press Agency (SPA) reported.
Legal expert Lisa Al-Badawi highlighted efforts to rehabilitate former child soldiers and children affected by the war in Yemen.
She said children make up a third of fighters in the Houthi militias, according to a field study by the Wethaq Foundation for Civil Orientation.
The study showed that 80 percent of child soldiers in Yemen begin fighting to earn much-needed money amid deteriorating economic conditions, while just 10 percent join Houthi ranks for “ideological reasons.”
Al-Badawi revealed numerous human rights violations faced by the recruits, including the risk of death and injury, deprivation of education, and exposure to sexual and psychological abuse.
She also discussed the methods used to treat and rehabilitate these children, emphasizing the importance of promoting awareness among parents.
She presented statistics on the areas covered by the rehabilitation process, which is carried out with support from the King Salman Humanitarian Aid and Relief Center (KSRelief).
Dr. Hamdan Al-Shehri, a Saudi political analyst and international relations scholar, said he is not surprised by the Houthis’ large-scale recruitment of children.
“By devious design, they push children onto the frontlines so that when the children become victims, the Houthis can cry foul and blame the legitimate Yemeni government for killing children,” he told Arab News.
“These are terrorist militias, and like all terrorists, they have no qualms about playing with the lives of children.”
It is easy for the militias to brainwash children, Al-Shehri said. “Grown people are difficult to convince, but children become easy prey,” he added.
“In most cases, the Houthis don’t even tell children that they’re going to the frontlines. They lure them by saying they’ll be helping their men.”
Now that the Houthis have been cornered in Hodeidah, they will use children and the civilian population as human shields, Al-Shehri said, asking: “What can we expect from such terrorists?”
Meanwhile, the Houthis have indicated they would be willing to hand over management of Hodeidah port to the UN, according to sources quoted by Reuters. The port is a principal entry point for relief supplies for Yemen.
This week, UN envoy Martin Griffiths has been in the Houthi-controlled Yemeni capital Sanaa and Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, to try to negotiate a solution.
The source, quoted by Reuters, said the Houthis indicated that they would accept overall UN management and inspections of the port.
A Western diplomat said the UN would oversee income from the port and make sure it gets to Yemen’s central bank. The understanding is that Yemeni state employees will work alongside the UN.
Griffiths on Thursday said he was “encouraged by the constructive engagement” of the Houthis, and will be holding meetings with Yemen’s internationally backed President Abed Rabbo Mansour Hadi.
Speaking earlier at the UN, Saudi Ambassador Abdallah Al-Mouallimi reiterated the Saudi-led coalition’s demand that the Houthis quit the city of Hodeidah entirely.
“What we are offering is for the Houthis to hand over their weapons to the government of Yemen and to leave, to leave peacefully, and to provide information about the locations of mines and improvised explosive devices,” he said.