Palestinians’ ‘silent’ protest at new Jerusalem embassy timetable

Palestinian President Mahmoud Abbas has vowed to counter the close US relationship with Israel. (Reuters)
Updated 27 February 2018

Palestinians’ ‘silent’ protest at new Jerusalem embassy timetable

AMMAN: The US decision to open its embassy in Jerusalem earlier than expected has been met with a deliberately muted response by a Palestinian leadership eager to show it is no longer rattled by Washington’s close relationship with Israel.
Under an agreement announced by the US State Department last Friday, the American Embassy will relocate from Tel Aviv to Jerusalem on May 14, the 70th anniversary of Israel’s independence and the day before millions of Palestinians commemorate the loss of their homeland, or Al-Nakba, meaning “the catastrophe” in Arabic.
The move accelerates a highly controversial plan that was not originally due to be implemented until 2019 or 2020. But instead of reacting with anger, Ramallah appears to be gambling that the best response to this latest setback is to barely acknowledge it.
Analysts told Arab News the Palestinian leadership hopes it will appear to be calmly focused on securing a long-term peace deal that protects the rights of its people, rather than being unnerved by the whims of an increasingly erratic US administration.
With Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu embroiled in a domestic corruption scandal and the FBI investigating Russian meddling in the 2016 US presidential election, the Palestinian Authority (PA) appears to believe it is in a strong position to find powerful new international allies before any future peace talks.
This high-stakes strategy has been met with a mixed reaction by experienced Palestinian watchers, with some convinced the approach will boost support for the beleaguered PA on the Arab street and others fearing that it will leave Ramallah’s weak government even more isolated and exposed.
Nasser Lahham, editor-in-chief of the Palestinian Ma’an News Agency and a staunch supporter of Palestinian President Mahmoud Abbas, said the decision to move the US Embassy in May was designed to cause panic in the PA’s ranks. A muted response was, therefore, the best way forward.
“The Palestinian message should be that our goal is to support the steadfastness of our people in Jerusalem and not to jump at every provocative decision coming out of Washington,” he told Arab News.
Even as a presidential candidate in 2016, Trump vowed to move the Israeli Embassy from Tel Aviv to Jerusalem and recognize the city as Israel’s rightful capital. In Dec. 2017, he formally announced the move would take place, heralding it as the “beginning of a new approach” to finding peace in the region.
US Secretary of State Rex Tillerson subsequently declared the move was unlikely to happen before 2020, while US Vice President Mike Pence said it would occur before the end of 2019. The UN General Assembly overwhelmingly backed a resolution condemning the plan.
In clear defiance of international opinion, however, the US announced last week that the embassy will be relocated to its consulate in West Jerusalem in May, before a newly expanded premises is later opened at a cost of around $500 million.
Palestinians regard the status of Jerusalem as one of the final issues to be decided by a lasting peace agreement and PA officials have already broken off contact with their US counterparts in protest at last December’s announcement. But they have been reluctant to speak out in response to the new timetable, regarding it is a blatant attempt to force them into engaging with American negotiators.
Ofer Zalzberg, a senior analyst at the International Crisis Group, said Abbas had a made a conscious decision to focus on plotting a detailed response to any comprehensive new US strategy for the region.
“Instead of reacting to every sound coming from (Washington), the Palestinian leadership in Ramallah is focusing on preparing their strategy for the US plan, which may be published imminently,” he said.
Abbas recently met with Russian President Vladimir Putin and Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi in an attempt to counter the close US relationship with Israel.
In an address to the UN Security Council last week, he called for a “multilateral international mechanism” to help broker a lasting peace deal and criticized Washington for breaking international law by unilaterally recognizing Jerusalem as Israel’s capital.
But not everyone is convinced he is right to ignore the US. Writing in Al-Quds, the largest Palestinian daily newspaper, Ziad Abuzayyad, a former minister in the PA, called for renewed contacts with the US.
“Over the years I have come to learn that you accomplish more by being on the inside than by fighting from the outside,” he wrote. “We lose more by boycotting (the Americans) than by engaging them.”

Key events in Egypt since the 2011 pro-democracy uprising

President Abdel-Fattah El-Sisi. (Supplied)
Updated 21 April 2019

Key events in Egypt since the 2011 pro-democracy uprising

CAIRO: Here are key events in eight years of turmoil and transition in Egypt, leading up to a national referendum on constitutional amendments that could allow President Abdel-Fattah El-Sisi to remain in power until 2030.

● Feb. 11, 2011: Autocrat Hosni Mubarak steps down after 18 days of nationwide protests against his nearly 30-year rule. The military takes over, dissolving Parliament and suspending the constitution after the uprising leaves hundreds of protesters dead in clashes with security forces.

● Nov. 28, 2011-Feb. 15, 2012: The Muslim Brotherhood wins nearly half the seats in multi-stage elections for the first post-Mubarak Parliament.

● June 30, 2012: The Muslim Brotherhood’s candidate Muhammad Mursi takes office as Egypt’s first freely elected president.

● Aug. 12, 2012: Mursi removes the defense minister and military chief, Field Marshal Hussein Tantawi, and replaces him with El-Sisi.

● Nov. 22, 2012: Mursi unilaterally decrees greater powers for himself, a move that sparks days of protests.

● Dec. 15-22, 2012: Egyptians approve a constitution drafted and hastily passed by Parliament amid protests and walkouts by other groups.

● June 30, 2013: On Mursi’s anniversary in office, millions of Egyptians begin days of demonstrations demanding his resignation. The military gives him 48 hours to reach an agreement with his opponents, but he vows to remain in office.

● July 3, 2013: El-Sisi announces Mursi’s removal.

● Aug. 14, 2013: More than 600 people, mostly Mursi supporters, are killed when police clear two pro-Mursi sit-ins in Cairo. Mursi supporters retaliate by torching government buildings, churches and police stations. Hundreds more die in subsequent violence.

● Dec. 25, 2013: The government designates the Muslim Brotherhood a terrorist organization.

● May 26-28, 2014: Egyptians vote in a presidential election. El-Sisi wins with 96.9 percent of the vote.

● May 16, 2015: Mursi and more than 100 others are sentenced to death over a mass prison break during the 2011 uprising.

● Oct. 2015: Egypt holds parliamentary elections, leading to an assembly packed with El-Sisi supporters.

● April 2, 2018: El-Sisi wins a second, four-year term in office, with more than 97 percent of the vote.
● Feb. 2019: Lawmakers submit proposed amendments to the constitution that allow El-Sisi to remain in power beyond his current second four-year term.

● April 10: President Donald Trump welcomes El-Sisi to the White House for a second official visit.

● April 17: The Parliament, packed with El-Sisi’s supporters, overwhelmingly passes the proposed amendments.

● April 18: Egypt’s National Election Authority schedules three days of voting in a nationwide referendum on the amendments. The vote takes place Saturday through Monday.