Jordan woos back nervous tourists after years of regional turbulence

Tourists visit the Amman Citadel in the Jordanian capital on March 13. (AFP )
Updated 30 April 2018

Jordan woos back nervous tourists after years of regional turbulence

  • Visitor numbers dropped after the Arab Spring uprisings convulsed the Middle East in 2011 and Daesh later rampaged across neighboring Syria and Iraq
  • Jordan boasts 21,000 archaeological and historical sites that span millennia

PETRA, Jordan: With its rock-hewn ancient city of Petra, lunar-like landscape of Wadi Rum and a medical tourism drive, Jordan is luring back foreign visitors scared off by regional upheaval and militant attacks.

Abundant natural wonders and ancient treasures have long attracted tourists to the kingdom, traditionally seen as a haven of peace in a war-ravaged region.

But after the Arab Spring uprisings convulsed the Middle East in 2011 and Daesh later rampaged across neighboring Syria and Iraq, visitor numbers slumped.

Jordan welcomed 7 million tourists in 2010, but arrivals plunged to around 3 million in each of the following two years, according to tourism board head Abed Al-Razzaq Arabiyat.

Efforts to reverse the slide suffered a major setback in 2016 with a string of attacks in the kingdom, a member of the US-led alliance against Daesh.

A Canadian tourist was among 10 people killed in a shooting rampage claimed by the militants in Karak, home to one of the region’s biggest Crusader castles.

But the spillover from the Syrian conflict has since abated and in 2017 tourist arrivals rebounded to more than 4 million, officials say.

“Jordan has proved to be a safe haven in a region which is witnessing turmoil,” Tourism Minister Lina Mazhar Annab told AFP in an interview.

“Jordan is a very safe country. We are proving to be safer than a lot of European countries. It is a matter of perception.”

The country’s goal is to bring annual tourist arrivals back up to 7 million by 2020, she said, guiding a group of visitors through the steep paths of the ancient Nabataean city of Petra with its rose-pink cliffs.

The UNESCO World Heritage Site, which featured in the Hollywood film “Indiana Jones and the Last Crusade,” was once a major crossroads for caravans transporting Arabian incense, Indian spices and Chinese silks.

Today Jordan’s historical jewels are a major draw.

“I came here because it’s a country with huge cultural wealth,” said French tourist Emmanuel Reneaume, visiting the Amman Citadel perched at the top of a hill in the capital.

“Just behind us there are ruins, a Roman temple, a Byzantine church and an Umayyad mosque. It’s exciting,” he said.

Jordan boasts 21,000 archaeological and historical sites that span millennia, according to the tourism board. They include the Roman ruins of Jerash, the Dead Sea and Wadi Al-Kharrar, or Bethany Beyond the Jordan, where some biblical historians believe Jesus was baptized.

Such sites are helping to attract a growing number of tourists from Asian countries including Malaysia, Indonesia, China and India, according to the authorities.

“People are coming back from all over the world,” said the tourism minister.

“This year, so far, it’s looking great. The first quarter has been amazing. We also have seen growth of 15 percent in the number of visitors as well as tourism receipts.”

Lacking in natural resources, the country of nearly 10 million depends on tourism for around 12 percent of gross domestic product (GDP).

In an attempt to diversify, the kingdom has sought to become a regional hub of medical tourism.

“Between 250,000 and 300,000 foreign patients are admitted in Jordan each year, bringing in up to $1.5 billion,” said the president of the country’s Private Hospitals Association, Fawzi Al-Hammouri.

In March the government adopted a measure facilitating the entry of patients from Iraq, Yemen, Syria, Libya, Sudan, Chad and Ethiopia, allowing them to obtain a visa within 48 hours.

The majority of patients come from Saudi Arabia, Iraq, Libya, Sudan, Yemen, Syria and Palestine.

Samer Mostafa, a 50-year-old Iraqi who underwent open-heart surgery in a private hospital in the capital, said he was attracted by Jordan’s “stable security situation, the cleanliness of its hospitals and the absence of power cuts in such facilities.”

Medical tourism now directly employs 35,000 people in Jordan, according to Hammouri.

Jordan is also a stop for Muslim pilgrims visiting holy sites in the region.

And now the kingdom hopes to woo more European visitors thanks to an agreement struck in February with low-cost airline Ryanair for 14 new routes between Europe and Jordan.

All of which gives tourism agency owner Salama Khatar reason for optimism.

“Business is good. Since August we are starting to return to the situation of 2010,” Khatar said.

Syria police deploy in south Damascus after Daesh defeat

Updated 22 May 2018

Syria police deploy in south Damascus after Daesh defeat

DAMASCUS: Syrian police deployed across devastated districts in southern Damascus on Tuesday, according to state media, a day after the government captured the area from the Daesh group.
The government on Monday seized the Yarmuk Palestinian camp and adjacent neighborhoods of Tadamun and Hajjar Al-Aswad, putting Damascus fully under its control for the first time since 2012.
On Tuesday, police units entered Yarmuk and Hajjar Al-Aswad and planted the two-star Syrian flag there, state television reported.
It broadcast images of security forces atop a pockmarked multi-story building in Yarmuk where they had hung the national flag.
They had also plastered pictures of President Bashar Assad and his predecessor and father Hafez.
Other police officers gathered in the ravaged streets below and fired in the air in celebration.
“The police are present round-the-clock,” said one officer interviewed on the state broadcaster.
“Special units are deployed across the camp to help any civilians and protect their belongings,” he said.
It also showed footage from Hajjar Al-Aswad of a convoy of police cars and motorcycles making its way through dusty streets lined with crumbling buildings.
There were no civilians in sight.
Yarmuk, Hajjar Al-Aswad and the nearby district of Tadamun all lie in a southern pocket of Damascus that had escaped regime control for several years.
The government began losing its grip on parts of the capital in 2012, just one year after the conflict in Syria erupted.
But it has made a comeback this year, with Assad using a mix of military pressure and evacuation deals to flush rebels and militants out of Damascus and its outskirts.
His troops and allied Palestinian fighters turned their sights on Yarmuk and the other Daesh-held parts of the capital last month.
Daesh overran Yarmuk in 2015, but the massive Palestinian camp had already been ravaged by years of rebel infighting and government attacks.
Syria’s army announced it had seized Yarmuk from Daesh on Monday.
Several sources, including the Syrian Observatory for Human Rights and a military source close to Damascus, said the capture came after a negotiated withdrawal of Daesh fighters. The government has denied such a deal.