Eritrea and Ethiopia sign peace agreement in Saudi Arabia overseen by King Salman

1 / 11
President of Eritrea Isaias Afwerki and Ethiopia's Prime Minister Abiy Ahmed with King Salman and Crown Prince Mohammed bin Salman during the ceremony in Jeddah. (SPA)
2 / 11
President of Eritrea Isaias Afwerki and Ethiopia's Prime Minister Abiy Ahmed with King Salman and Crown Prince Mohammed bin Salman during the ceremony in Jeddah. (SPA)
3 / 11
President of Eritrea Isaias Afwerki and Ethiopia's Prime Minister Abiy Ahmed with King Salman and Crown Prince Mohammed bin Salman during the ceremony in Jeddah. (SPA)
4 / 11
Ethiopia’s Prime Minister Abiy Ahmed signed the Jeddah Peace Agreement in Saudi Arabia. (SPA)
5 / 11
Eritrea's President Isaias Afwerki signed the Jeddah Peace Agreement in Saudi Arabia. (SPA)
6 / 11
Saudi Arabia’s King Salman, Eritrean President Isaias Afwerki and Ethiopia’s Prime Minister Abiy Ahmed in Jeddah. (SPA)
7 / 11
Saudi Arabia’s King Salman, Eritrean President Isaias Afwerki and Ethiopia’s Prime Minister Abiy Ahmed in Jeddah. (SPA)
8 / 11
9 / 11
Saudi Arabia’s King Salman, Eritrean President Isaias Afwerki and Ethiopia’s Prime Minister Abiy Ahmed in Jeddah. (SPA)
10 / 11
Saudi Arabia's Foreign Minister Adel Al-Jubeir and UN Secretary-General Antonio Guterres hold a press conference in Jeddah. (AN Photo / Huda Bashatah)
11 / 11
Saudi Arabia's Foreign Minister Adel Al-Jubeir and UN Secretary-General Antonio Guterres hold a press conference in Jeddah. (AN Photo / Huda Bashatah)
Updated 16 September 2018
0

Eritrea and Ethiopia sign peace agreement in Saudi Arabia overseen by King Salman

  • UN Secretary-General Antonio Guterres described the signing as an "historic event"
  • Foreign Minister Adel Al-Jubeir said the deal would strengthen security and stability in the wider region

JEDDAH: Eritrea and Ethiopia signed a peace deal on Sunday at a ceremony in Jeddah overseen by King Salman.

The agreement officially ends more than 20 years of war between the two countries.

Eritrean President Isaias Afwerki and Ethiopia's Prime Minister Abiy Ahmed signed the agreement after arriving in Jeddah on Saturday.

UN Secretary-General Antonio Guterres described the signing as an "historic event."

“I want to express my deep appreciation to the role played by His Majesty the Custodian of the Two Holy Mosques (King Salman) and by the government of Saudi Arabia for facilitating this agreement and contributing to bring together the parties,” he said.
The UN chief also paid tribute to “the courage, the vision, and the wisdom of the prime minister of Ethiopia, who had the capacity to overcome the resistance from the past and open a new chapter in the history of his country, and also the way the president of Eritrea responded to his peace initiatives.”
“This means that there is a wind of hope blowing in the Horn of Africa,” he conlcuded.


Saudi Arabia's Foreign Minister Adel Al-Jubeir congratulated King Salman and Crown Prince Mohammed bin Salman for bringing the two parties together.

"The Jeddah Peace Agreement signed today before the CTHM is a historic milestone for the peoples of Ethiopia and Eritrea and will contribute to strengthening security and stability in the region at large." he said.

King Salman honored the two leaders with the Order of King Abdulaziz.

Ethiopia and Eritrea fought a bitter war from 1998 to 2000 over a border dispute that killed tens of thousands of people.

That conflict followed a war of independence against Ethiopia that led to Eritrea separating in the early 1990s.

The two countries signed an initial agreement in July and on Tuesday reopened land border crossings closed for 20 years.

The signing ceremony was attended by Guterres, Saudi Crown Prince Mohammed bin Salman and UAE Minister of Foreign Affairs and International Cooperation Abdullah bin Zayed Al-Nahyan.

The ceremony was attended by a number of Eritrean and Ethiopian officials.

------

READ MORE: 

Timeline: Agreement in Jeddah ends hostilities between Eritrea and Ethiopia

Photos: Ethiopia and Eritrea sign Jeddah Peace Agreement in Saudi Arabia

------

Earlier on Sunday, King Salman received both Afwerki and Ahmed at the Peace Palace in Jeddah.

The Eritrean president and Ethiopian prime minister attended the official reception ceremony, in which the national anthems of the two countries were played, along with the Kingdom’s national anthem.

King Salman also greeted the official delegations accompanying both countries.

King Salman then accompanied Afwerki and Ahmed, to the Royal Reception Hall at the Royal Court, where they shook hands with several Saudi dignitaries and senior officials.

The King also hosted a luncheon for the visiting delegations.

Earlier, the King received the Secretary General of the United Nations, Antonio Guterres, in his office at the Peace Palace in Jeddah on Sunday.

During the meeting, they reviewed developments in the international arena and various efforts aimed at achieving world peace and stability.

The meeting was attended by several Saudi officials, including Minister of Interior Prince Abdulaziz bin Saud bin Nayef, Foreign Minister Adel Al-Jubeir, and the Kingdom’s Permanent Representative to the UN Abdullah Al-Maalami.


King Salman’s support vital to national heritage achievements

The program aims to protect, promote and develop cultural heritage and make it part of the life and memory of citizens. (Supplied)
Updated 17 October 2018
0

King Salman’s support vital to national heritage achievements

  • The Saudi leadership made key decisions to protect antiquities and historical sites
  • Saudi Arabia aims to conduct awareness campaigns, establish museums and develop them in a modern way to attract citizens and visitors

JEDDAH: The achievements made in Saudi Arabia’s national heritage sector, and the prizes and awards that have been won as result, are thanks to the support and efforts of King Salman, said Prince Sultan bin Salman, president of the Saudi Commission for Tourism and National Heritage (SCTH).
His comments came as the king received the Sharjah International Award for Cultural Heritage, which was awarded in recognition of the Custodian of The Two Holy Mosques cultural heritage program.
King Salman oversaw the creation of the antiquities and heritage sector 50 years ago and stood firmly against the elimination or extinction of archaeological and heritage sites, Prince Sultan said, and has made historical and important decisions to protect antiquities since the era of the late King Saud.
This support culminated in the adoption of the innovative Custodian of The Two Holy Mosques for the Care of Cultural Heritage program, implemented by the commission to bring about a qualitative shift in projects and programs devoted to national cultural heritage.
Prince Sultan said: “The award is a result of King Salman’s follow-up and support to the program, which the SCTH and our team have translated into projects and initiatives carried out in cooperation with highly professional partners, in order to preserve, restore and develop the national heritage and make it a reality that connects citizens to their country’s history and heritage.”
He said the SCTH has built upon the great efforts of the institutions that preceded it in taking care of the nation’s antiquities, as well as individual efforts to preserve national heritage.
“Today, we reap the fruits of these efforts: The culture we have learnt from King Salman and previous leaders, which has taught us to complete the work and loyalty of all those who built and achieved before us,” he said.
Dr. Sultan bin Mohammed Al-Qasimi, a member of the Federal Supreme Council and ruler of Sharjah, announced that the Sharjah International Award for Cultural Heritage had been awarded to the Custodian of The Two Holy Mosques Program for the Care of Cultural Heritage during a ceremony on April 22, 2018.
The program aims to protect, promote and develop cultural heritage and make it part of the life and memory of citizens. It also conducts awareness campaigns, establishes museums and develops them in a modern way to attract citizens and visitors, prepares Islamic historical sites to welcome visitors, and preserves culturally important buildings and towns to showcase the role of the Kingdom as a crossroads for civilizations through the ages and achieve a qualitative shift in the field, contributing to economic growth.