Eritrea and Ethiopia sign peace agreement in Saudi Arabia overseen by King Salman

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President of Eritrea Isaias Afwerki and Ethiopia's Prime Minister Abiy Ahmed with King Salman and Crown Prince Mohammed bin Salman during the ceremony in Jeddah. (SPA)
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President of Eritrea Isaias Afwerki and Ethiopia's Prime Minister Abiy Ahmed with King Salman and Crown Prince Mohammed bin Salman during the ceremony in Jeddah. (SPA)
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President of Eritrea Isaias Afwerki and Ethiopia's Prime Minister Abiy Ahmed with King Salman and Crown Prince Mohammed bin Salman during the ceremony in Jeddah. (SPA)
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Ethiopia’s Prime Minister Abiy Ahmed signed the Jeddah Peace Agreement in Saudi Arabia. (SPA)
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Eritrea's President Isaias Afwerki signed the Jeddah Peace Agreement in Saudi Arabia. (SPA)
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Saudi Arabia’s King Salman, Eritrean President Isaias Afwerki and Ethiopia’s Prime Minister Abiy Ahmed in Jeddah. (SPA)
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Saudi Arabia’s King Salman, Eritrean President Isaias Afwerki and Ethiopia’s Prime Minister Abiy Ahmed in Jeddah. (SPA)
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Saudi Arabia’s King Salman, Eritrean President Isaias Afwerki and Ethiopia’s Prime Minister Abiy Ahmed in Jeddah. (SPA)
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Saudi Arabia's Foreign Minister Adel Al-Jubeir and UN Secretary-General Antonio Guterres hold a press conference in Jeddah. (AN Photo / Huda Bashatah)
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Saudi Arabia's Foreign Minister Adel Al-Jubeir and UN Secretary-General Antonio Guterres hold a press conference in Jeddah. (AN Photo / Huda Bashatah)
Updated 16 September 2018
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Eritrea and Ethiopia sign peace agreement in Saudi Arabia overseen by King Salman

  • UN Secretary-General Antonio Guterres described the signing as an "historic event"
  • Foreign Minister Adel Al-Jubeir said the deal would strengthen security and stability in the wider region

JEDDAH: Eritrea and Ethiopia signed a peace deal on Sunday at a ceremony in Jeddah overseen by King Salman.

The agreement officially ends more than 20 years of war between the two countries.

Eritrean President Isaias Afwerki and Ethiopia's Prime Minister Abiy Ahmed signed the agreement after arriving in Jeddah on Saturday.

UN Secretary-General Antonio Guterres described the signing as an "historic event."

“I want to express my deep appreciation to the role played by His Majesty the Custodian of the Two Holy Mosques (King Salman) and by the government of Saudi Arabia for facilitating this agreement and contributing to bring together the parties,” he said.
The UN chief also paid tribute to “the courage, the vision, and the wisdom of the prime minister of Ethiopia, who had the capacity to overcome the resistance from the past and open a new chapter in the history of his country, and also the way the president of Eritrea responded to his peace initiatives.”
“This means that there is a wind of hope blowing in the Horn of Africa,” he conlcuded.


Saudi Arabia's Foreign Minister Adel Al-Jubeir congratulated King Salman and Crown Prince Mohammed bin Salman for bringing the two parties together.

"The Jeddah Peace Agreement signed today before the CTHM is a historic milestone for the peoples of Ethiopia and Eritrea and will contribute to strengthening security and stability in the region at large." he said.

King Salman honored the two leaders with the Order of King Abdulaziz.

Ethiopia and Eritrea fought a bitter war from 1998 to 2000 over a border dispute that killed tens of thousands of people.

That conflict followed a war of independence against Ethiopia that led to Eritrea separating in the early 1990s.

The two countries signed an initial agreement in July and on Tuesday reopened land border crossings closed for 20 years.

The signing ceremony was attended by Guterres, Saudi Crown Prince Mohammed bin Salman and UAE Minister of Foreign Affairs and International Cooperation Abdullah bin Zayed Al-Nahyan.

The ceremony was attended by a number of Eritrean and Ethiopian officials.

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READ MORE: 

Timeline: Agreement in Jeddah ends hostilities between Eritrea and Ethiopia

Photos: Ethiopia and Eritrea sign Jeddah Peace Agreement in Saudi Arabia

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Earlier on Sunday, King Salman received both Afwerki and Ahmed at the Peace Palace in Jeddah.

The Eritrean president and Ethiopian prime minister attended the official reception ceremony, in which the national anthems of the two countries were played, along with the Kingdom’s national anthem.

King Salman also greeted the official delegations accompanying both countries.

King Salman then accompanied Afwerki and Ahmed, to the Royal Reception Hall at the Royal Court, where they shook hands with several Saudi dignitaries and senior officials.

The King also hosted a luncheon for the visiting delegations.

Earlier, the King received the Secretary General of the United Nations, Antonio Guterres, in his office at the Peace Palace in Jeddah on Sunday.

During the meeting, they reviewed developments in the international arena and various efforts aimed at achieving world peace and stability.

The meeting was attended by several Saudi officials, including Minister of Interior Prince Abdulaziz bin Saud bin Nayef, Foreign Minister Adel Al-Jubeir, and the Kingdom’s Permanent Representative to the UN Abdullah Al-Maalami.


Four killed in failed terrorist attack on interior ministry building north of Riyadh

Updated 21 April 2019
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Four killed in failed terrorist attack on interior ministry building north of Riyadh

  • Three government security personnel suffered minor injuries during the exchange of fire
  • The identities of the four gunmen are still being determined

RIYADH: Four heavily armed attackers were killed in a failed terrorist attack on an interior ministry building in Zulfi, north of Riyadh.

A spokesperson from the Kingdom’s Presidency of State Security also said that three government security personnel suffered minor injuries during the exchange of fire, Saudi state news agency SPA reported.

Al-Arabiya reported that the assailants belonged to Daesh, but the group had not claimed responsibility for the attack and there was no official confirmation from Saudi authorities as to the identity of the attackers on Sunday afternoon.

“The security authorities in the Presidency managed to thwart the terrorist act targeting the center of investigations ... and dealt with them as required by the situation,” the spokesman was quoted by SPA as saying.

The identities of the four gunmen are still being determined by government authorities, the news agency added.

Special security personnel were still working on the site to assess and identify the explosive materials that the terrorists had in their possession, the spokesperson said, and the findings would be announced later.

The suspects, who were on board a car, tried to crash through the main entrance of the General Directorate of Investigation’s Center in Riyadh, but were intercepted by security to prevent the vehicle from gaining access into the compund.

Two gunmen died during the initial exchange of fire with the security forces, while one was killed as he attempted to flee. The fourth attacker died as he tried to blow up an explosive belt,  pan-Arab daily Asharq Al-Awsat reported. 

The Kingdom of Bahrain condemned the actions of the suspects and the terrorist attack on Sunday, the country's news agency said.