The Six : Oscar nominated films from the Middle East

Oscar nominated films from the Middle East. (Shutterstock)
Updated 23 January 2019

The Six : Oscar nominated films from the Middle East

DUBAI: Lebanese director Nadine Labaki’s “Capernaum” has been nominated for an Oscar, but it isn’t the only film from the region to be recognized by the academy over the years.

‘Battle of Algiers’
This Italian-Algerian film was nominated in two separate years — in 1967, for Best Foreign Language Film and in 1969 for its screenplay and director.

‘Paradise Now’
The 2005 Palestinian drama was nominated for the Best Foreign Language Film award in 2006 and revolved around two childhood friends seeking to carry out suicide attacks in Tel Aviv.

‘Days of Glory’
Director Rachid Bouchareb led this old-fashioned World War II platoon movie that was nominated for an Oscar in 2007.

‘Outside the Law’
This 2010 Algerian war drama is a follow up to ‘Days of Glory’ and is set during the fight for Algerian independence. It was nominated for a Best Foreign Language Film Oscar in 2011.

‘Ave Maria’
This 2015 Palestinian film is a humorous look at an encounter between a Jewish family and Palestinian nuns in the West Bank. It was nominated in the Live-Action Short Films category in 2016.

‘The Insult’
Directed by Ziad Doueiri, the 2018 Best Foreign Language Film nominee revolved around the aftermath of a clash between a Palestinian refugee and a Lebanese Christian.

Making ‘Capernaum’ was a duty: Oscar contender Labaki

Updated 18 February 2019

Making ‘Capernaum’ was a duty: Oscar contender Labaki

  • Labaki hopes an Academy Award will not only complete the film’s impressive harvest of distinctions but also boost its impact at home
  • The activist in her wanted to jolt her audience into action and mobilize decision-makers in Lebanon

BEIRUT: For Lebanon’s Nadine Labaki, whose social-realist epic “Capernaum” is an Oscar contender for best foreign film, the toughest battle is only just beginning.
Her heart-wrenching story of poverty and survival in Beirut’s wretched underclass won a 15-minute standing ovation and the Jury Prize in Cannes last year.
A former election candidate in Beirut, Labaki now hopes an Academy Award will not only complete the film’s impressive harvest of distinctions but also boost its impact at home.
“So the conversation is starting now and that was my aim, to create this shock, and to create this debate,” Labaki told AFP in her Beirut office.
The 45-year-old has arguably become Lebanese culture’s most prominent export and she is bent on making good use of her growing celebrity.
“I feel it like a duty, it’s not a choice even, and this is what we’re going to start doing, very, very soon: show the film to the government and organize these round tables with judges and lawyers,” she said.
“Maybe it’s going to have a big influence and maybe it won’t, but we have to try,” Labaki said.
The film has already changed the lives of its cast members, many of whom were experiencing the same struggles as their characters during the gruelling six-month shoot.
“Capernaum” follows the travails of Zain, a malnourished boy who runs away from his family when his 11-year-old sister Sahar is sold into marriage.
He is sheltered by an undocumented African worker named Rahil and ends up looking after her baby boy Yonas when she is arrested and jailed.
The parallels between the film’s script and what happened to the actors in real life are uncanny.
Baby Yonas’s on-screen and real-life mothers were arrested together during filming and both were in jail when the scenes of the two children being left to their own devices in the streets of Beirut were being shot.
In the film, Zain keeps dreaming that he will one day escape his misery and move to Sweden.
The Syrian refugee child who plays Zain’s character was recently resettled by the United Nations in Norway, where he now lives with family in a house overlooking the sea.
“I don’t know why those things kept happening, maybe because the script was inspired by so much reality that it was actually bound to happen,” Labaki said.
Zain is now going to school as are his parents as well as several other of the film’s children.
Capernaum has already achieved new milestones for Lebanese cinema and received glowing endorsements from media mogul Oprah Winfrey and others.
Some critics however argued the film was unsubtle in rubbing the viewer’s nose in social squalor, telling the audience when to smile and when to cry.
But restraint, Labaki retorts, is just not in her culture.
“It’s as if people, especially critics, want all cinemas coming from all parts of the world to look the same way,” she said. “Let each country bring its own identity.”
“It’s really very hurtful to hear words like ‘poverty porn’ or ‘emotional manipulation’,” Labaki said. “Especially when there’s no big make believe in the film, everything that is in the film is a reality.”
The activist in her wanted to jolt her audience into action and mobilize decision-makers in Lebanon, a country where Syrian refugees account for a quarter of the population but where faith in the government is rock-bottom.
“People come to me in tears, people say ‘You changed me forever’, ‘I’m not looking at the child I see under the bridge every day in the same way’, ‘I want to do something about it’, ‘How can we help?’,” Labaki said.
She said an Oscar on February 24 would further increase her chances of making a difference.
“Why do we use the word influencers? A celebrity is an influencer whether they like it or not, so they need to use this influence in the best way possible.”