INTERVIEW: Ahmed Linjawy, the driving force behind Saudi Arabia's KAEC

King Abdullah Economic City’s top man Ahmed Linjawy spells out his ambitions as European Tour golfers - and Mariah Carey - pitch up at Saudi Arabia’s business and leisure zone. (Illustration: Luis Grañena)
Updated 05 February 2019

INTERVIEW: Ahmed Linjawy, the driving force behind Saudi Arabia's KAEC

  • King Abdullah Economic City’s top man spells out his ambitions as European Tour golfers — and Mariah Carey — pitch up at the vast business and leisure zone

KING ABDULLAH ECONOMIC CITY: Ahmed Linjawy looks on proudly as top international players tee off at the meticulously manicured golf course at Saudi Arabia’s King Abdullah Economic City (KAEC).
He’s not the only one watching. The world’s media cast their not-uncritical eye over the European Tour event, which coincided with a high-profile and even higher-pitched performance from Mariah Carey.
As chief executive of the Riyadh-listed developer of the city, Linjawy has been key in building facilities designed to attract golfing greats, pop princesses and big business.
King Abdullah Economic City or KAEC (pronounced “cake”) is bigger than Washington D.C., spanning about 181 million square meters, as the marketing people are keen to point out.
Situated about 100 km north of Jeddah, the city comprises the King Abdullah Port, coastal residential communities, an industrial zone and the new Haramain Railway link.
Two things become clear on the long drive from the zone’s brightly illuminated main gates to the golf course: KAEC is big, but it’s still mostly desert.
Yet as golfing legend Ernie Els, and top-ranked Saudi golfer Othman Almulla, get into the swing of things, Linjawy expands on his vision for the economic zone and how a great city is emerging from the sand.
“For us it is a historic moment,” the 50-year-old Saudi national says.




•Appointed group CEO of Emaar, The Economic City in late 2018.

•Formerly deputy chief executive, and president of industrial and city services.

•Has worked for the company, which develops King Abdullah Economic City, since December 2006.

•Previously an executive in Procter & Gamble, where he worked for 16 years in various roles including country manager for Saudi Arabia.


•Bachelor of science in medical technology, King Abdul Aziz University.

•Certifications from the London Institute and the American University, Washington D.C.


“We’re hosting the first-ever golf tournament in Saudi Arabia, and it’s a tournament at an international scale … this is what King Abdullah Economic City is now capable of doing.”
Linjawy is in a richly upholstered room at The Oryx private members club, part of the the Royal Greens Golf & Country Club, the 18-hole championship course where the European Tour event is played.
The room, though relatively new, smacks of old-school grandeur. It is the sort of place where you might purposefully lose a game of pool to your father-in-law, or pretend to understand the golf handicap system.
The clubhouse is bustling on the first day of the Saudi International, part of a three-year agreement with the European Tour to hold a golfing event in the Kingdom. That agreement is likely to be extended, says Linjawy, while other leisure events are planned.
After the Carey gig, other concerts — which were a rarity in Saudi Arabia until recently — are in the pipeline for KAEC.
An international motor-racing event and even a fishing tournament are in the works, the latter making sense due to the city’s Red Sea coastline and marina facilities.
Such events will be key to Linjawy’s ambitious target to boost the number of visitors to KAEC, which pulled in almost 500,000 tourists last year. He says the zone aims to attract a million tourists in 2019 through events such as the European Tour, during which he expects to see about 100,000 visitors alone. A system to make it easier for foreigners to obtain Saudi entry visas to visit KAEC will be introduced this year, Linjawy says, with the new high-speed Haramain Railway whisking them from the new terminal at Jeddah airport.
Yet boosting visitor numbers through glittering concerts and multimillion-dollar sports events are just one aspect of what KAEC is about. The city has other activities in areas such as logistics, business, manufacturing, entrepreneurship and residential property.
Notably, KAEC is home to King Abdullah Port, which Linjawy says aims to be one of the world’s largest shipping hubs with a possible share sale set to fund its expansion.

We want to be a global hub for logistics and light manufacturing.

Ahmed Linjawy

“To kickstart some of the future projects, we will need other sources of funding. We’re going more and more into project financing for specific projects — an IPO for the port — and some of our other businesses as well,” Linjawy says.
“The vision for the port is to be among the largest in the world. We have the funding and the plans to make it the largest in the Middle East for sure, but (to make it among the biggest) in the world we will certainly need a lot more capital.
“We want to be a global hub for logistics and light manufacturing, and this is where the port comes and the entire industrial and logistics zone come into play.”
Such facilities complement the presence of international companies including pharmaceuticals firms Pfizer and Sanofi, as well as confectionary giant Mars, at KAEC.
“(For) those names and others, this is their first manufacturing presence in Saudi Arabia, if not in the Middle East in some cases,” says Linjawy.
Other items on Linjawy’s agenda include pursuing discussions with a data-center provider, which he does not name, to set up in KAEC.
Another is building the city’s startup scene, which benefits from the presence of the Prince Mohammed bin Salman College of Business and Entrepreneurship, which was set up in KAEC through a partnership with a subsidiary of Babson College in the US.
Linjawy even believes that Saudi Arabia’s first “unicorn” — the term describing a privately held startup company valued at more than $1 billion — could emerge from KAEC.
“We are looking that big, for sure,” he says. “Part of our objective here is to create jobs, opportunities and offer the environment for creativity and innovation. We’re not just looking at it on a small scale, we want this to be a destination, a hub for startups, and for Saudi Arabia, for the creative people … to invest or experiment.”
Creating a city bigger than Washington DC does, of course, come with challenges. First announced in 2005, King Abdullah Economic City was envisioned as having an eventual population of 2 million people. Yet as of today it only has about 10,000 full-time residents.
Linjawy is not perturbed by this — and is sanguine about KAEC’s future growth prospects.

Everybody has been able to see the real Saudi Arabia, the hospitality, the culture itself.

Ahmed Linjawy

“What was communicated back then (in 2005) was more of a vision and inspiration that this was going to be developed in a few years,” he says.
“But that would have been almost impossible unless you wanted to compromise on quality. It has had its challenges, no question about it, but nothing extraordinary.”
Priorities now include growing tourism and leisure, and building a business community around KAEC’s new train station.
“(What is) really important is for this to be — and continue to be, more so — a place for Saudis to start their businesses, start their new life as well, new family, a place for hope and the future,” Linjawy says.
The eloquent, urbane Linjawy has worked for Emaar, The Economic City — the company developing KAEC — since 2006, the year it was listed on the Saudi stock exchange. He took over as acting CEO in September, a position confirmed as permanent three months later.
His transition into the CEO role came at the same time as the public furor over the murder of Saudi journalist Jamal Khashoggi at the Kingdom’s consulate in Istanbul last October.
Some of the global media coverage of the golfing tournament has referenced the murder of Khashoggi. Yet despite some negative headlines, Linjawy remains confident that the tournament will give a boost to Brand Saudi Arabia.
“I think you can see the vibe already, we have 130 players from all over the world, so many guests coming also from different places,” he says.
“Everybody has been very positive, and they have been able to see … the real Saudi Arabia, the hospitality of the Saudis, the culture itself.
“It is (about) the people who were here and (what they) say about Saudi Arabia, that’s what really matters — testimonies.”
A small crowd gathers to watch world golfing stars make their European Tour Saudi debut. It must be the most high-profile event to be staged at KAEC in all of Linjawy’s 13 years working there. “I’ve seen it all,” he says of his time helping develop the city.
And as Ernie Els and Othman Almulla tee off, he can be sure there are many rounds still to be played.

BMW picks insider Zipse as CEO to catch up with rivals

Oliver Zipse
Updated 20 July 2019

BMW picks insider Zipse as CEO to catch up with rivals

  • German giant has lost ground to Mercedes-Benz and Tesla as tech steps up

FRANKFURT: BMW has named Oliver Zipse as its new CEO, continuing the German carmaker’s tradition of promoting production chiefs to the top job even as the auto industry expands into new areas such as technology and services.
Hailing Zipse’s “decisive” leadership style, BMW hopes the 55-year-old can help it win back its edge in electric cars and the premium market  from rival Mercedes-Benz.
But some analysts questioned whether Zipse was the right choice with new fields such as software and services like car-sharing becoming increasingly important.
“What is intriguing is the cultural bias to appoint the head of production. It works sometimes but ... being good at building cars is not a defining edge the way it was 20 years ago,” said Jefferies analyst Philippe Houchois.
Current CEO Harald Krueger, and former chiefs Norbert Reithofer, Bernd Pischetsrieder and Joachim Milberg were all former production heads.
Zipse joined BMW as a trainee in 1991 and served as head of brand and product strategies and boss of BMW’s Oxford plant in England before joining the board.
He will become chief executive on Aug. 16, taking over from Krueger who said he would not be available for a second term.
“With Oliver Zipse, a decisive strategic and analytical leader will assume the Chair of the Board of Management of BMW. He will provide fresh momentum in shaping  the future,” said Reithofer.
Zipse helped expand BMW’s efficient production network in Hungary, China and the US, in a move that delivered industry-leading profit margins.
Under Krueger, BMW was overtaken in 2016 by Mercedes-Benz as the best-selling luxury car brand.
It also had an early lead over US  rival Tesla in electric cars, but scaled back ambitions after its i3 model failed to sell large numbers.
Reithofer initially championed Krueger’s low-key consensus-seeking leadership, but pressured him to roll out electric vehicles more aggressively, forcing Krueger to skip the Paris Motor Show in 2016 to reevaluate BMW’s electric strategy.
Krueger’s reluctance to push low-margin electric vehicles led to an exodus of talented electric vehicle experts, including Christian Senger, now Volkswagen’s (VW) board member responsible for software, and Audi’s Markus Duesmann, who is seen as a future CEO of the company.
Both were poached by VW CEO Herbert Diess, a former BMW board member responsible for research who was himself passed over for BMW’s top job in 2015.
VW has since pushed a radical 80 billion euro ($90 billion) electric car mass production strategy, and a sweeping alliance with Ford.

Other skills
“A CEO needs to have an idea for how mobility will evolve in the future. This goes far beyond optimising an existing business,” said Carsten Breitfeld, chief executive of China-based ICONIQ motors, and former BMW engineer. “He needs to build teams, attract talent, and promote a culture oriented along consumer electronics and internet dynamics.”
German manufacturers have dominated the high-performance market for decades, but analysts warn shifts towards sophisticated technology and software is opening the door to new challengers.
“Tesla has a lead of three to four years in areas like software and electronics. There is a risk that the Germans can’t catch up,” UBS analyst Patrick Hummel said.
Germany’s Auto Motor und Sport car magazine, normally quick to champion German manufacturers, this week ran a cover questioning BMW’s future.
“Production expertise is important, but if you want to avoid ending up being a hardware provider for Google or Apple, you need to have the ability to move up the food chain into data and software,” a former BMW board member said.