Italy’s Salvini lays down law for migrant rescue ships

Italian Deputy Prime Minister and League leader Matteo Salvini takes a picture with a supporter, as he leaves the Senate upper house parliament building after a news conference in Rome, Italy March 8, 2019. (REUTERS)
Updated 19 March 2019

Italy’s Salvini lays down law for migrant rescue ships

  • Salvini, whose anti-migrant rhetoric has boosted him in the polls, has repeatedly vowed to find a way to ban all ships with rescued migrants from entering Italian waters

ROME: Italian Interior Minister Matteo Salvini on Monday launched a fresh crackdown on charity ships which rescue migrants off Libya and bring them to Italy.
“The ports have been, and remain, CLOSED,” Salvini said on Twitter, as his office released an eight-page directive on the laws regarding rescue operations — laws it said some aid vessels had been breaking.
The minister, who also heads up the anti-immigrant League party, has repeatedly declared Italian waters closed to NGO rescue vessels, leaving several of them stranded at sea in the past in a bid to force Europe to take its share of asylum seekers.
While he acknowledged in his directive that helping those who lives are in danger was a “priority,” he warned that there must be “sanctions” for those who “explicitly violate international, European and national rescue regulations.”
“Nor must the real risks that the group of migrants may conceal individuals involved in terrorist activities... be overlooked.”
The “passage of rescue ships in Italian territorial waters” was “detrimental to the order and security of the Italian State,” he said.
The directive was issued just hours after an Italian charity ship rescued 49 people off the coast of Libya, under the nose of the Libyan coast guard, before requesting permission to disembark the migrants in Italy.
NGO ships have drawn fire from Rome by attempting on occasion to stop migrants being taken back to crisis-hit Libya, which human rights organizations insist cannot be considered safe for repatriations.

“It has happened that ships... have come to the aid of migrants in non-Italian SRRs (Search and Rescue Regions) and have disregarded the orders of the competent SAR (Search and Rescue) authorities,” Salvini said in the directive.
Ships rescuing migrants in areas of the Mediterranean that fall under Libyan responsibility, during operations not coordinated by the command center in Rome, have no right to seek Italy as a port of safety, he said.
He accused the ships in question of “carrying out the rescue on their own initiative and then heading toward European maritime borders... in violation of international maritime law.”
Salvini also took issue with charity ships that set sail for Italy rather than other ports.
“Nor are the Italian coasts the only possible landing places in the event of rescue events, given that the Libyan, Tunisian and Maltese ports can offer adequate logistical and health assistance... (and) are closer in terms of nautical miles.”
Salvini, whose anti-migrant rhetoric has boosted him in the polls, has repeatedly vowed to find a way to ban all ships with rescued migrants from entering Italian waters.
He also insists Europe must do much more to help house asylum seekers.
Europe has been wrestling with divisions over how to handle the problem since the migration crisis of 2015 when more than one million people arrived on its shores, many of them fleeing conflict in the Middle East.

UN report draws grim picture of global refugee situation

Updated 15 min 5 sec ago

UN report draws grim picture of global refugee situation

  • UNHCR is marking World Refugee Day with events to raise awareness about global displacement
  • Venezuela joined a long list of countries gripped by refugee crisis in 2018

ABU DHABI:  The year leading up to June 20, World Refugee Day, has been marked mostly by negative long-term trends, according to the latest annual Global Trends report of the UN High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR).

The year saw an increase in the number of displaced people and the emergence of new refugee crises, of which Venezuela was the largest and most alarming.

Almost 70.8 million people are currently experiencing forced displacement worldwide, according to the report, double the level 20 years ago and 2.3 million more than a year ago. According to the UNHCR, the figure of 70.8 million is conservative.


70.8 MILLION • People experiencing forced displacement worldwide.

41.3 MILLION • People recorded as internally displaced as of December 2018.

20.4 MILLION • Refugees under the UNHCR’s mandate as of December 2018.

13.6 MILLION • People newly displaced worldwide in 2018

13 MILLION • Size of forcibly displaced population of Syrians

UN Secretary-General Antonio Guterres, who came to the job after helming the UNHCR for 10 years, has appealed for greater global solidarity to confront the mounting crisis.

According to Global Trends data, by the end of 2018 the number of refugees under the UNHCR’s mandate had reached 20.4 million, nearly double the figure in 2012. Some 13.6 million people were newly displaced due to conflict or persecution in 2018.

At 1,560,800, Ethiopians made up the largest newly displaced population, 98 percent of them within their country. Meanwhile, some 4 million Venezuelans have left their country since 2015.

The unchanging trend of 2018 has been refugees’ country of origin, with 67 percent of them from Syria, Afghanistan, South Sudan, Myanmar and Somalia. At the end of 2018, Syrians continued to be the largest forcibly displaced population, with 13 million people displaced.

“What we are seeing in these figures is further confirmation of a longer-term rising trend in the number of people needing safety from war, conflict and persecution,” said Filippo Grandi, the UN high commissioner for refugees.

International days such as World Refugee Day are occasions to educate people on issues of concern, mobilize political will and resources to address global challenges and, in the UN’s words, “to celebrate and reinforce achievements of humanity.”

The existence of international days predates the creation of the UN, but its agencies have increasingly adopted the concept as an advocacy tool.

Accordingly, World Refugee Day honors refugees’ strength and courage, encourages support for them, and strives to raise public awareness of their situation. This year, the focus is on the personal and the local, with individual stories being used by the UNHCR to put a human face to refugee numbers and statistics. To this end, the UNHCR has organized a number of events in Gulf countries that are open to the public.

Children in a makeshift refugee camp in the Democratic Republic of Congo. (AFP)

In Kuwait, a film on refugees will be screened in addition to a photo exhibition on the same topic.

Also, a partnership between the UNHCR and Al-Hamra Business Tower and Luxury Center will see the facade of Kuwait’s highest skyscraper turn blue in solidarity with refugees.

In Saudi Arabia, the UNHCR and the King Salman Humanitarian Aid and Relief Center (KSRelief) are organizing special events on the weekends of June 21-22 and 28-29 at Riyadh Park Mall and Jeddah’s Read Sea Mall.

Besides a photo exhibition and a display of UNHCR tent and relief items, there will be a booth where people can register online to offer their support for refugees.

In the UAE, the UNHCR is organizing a full-day event to mark World Refugee Day on the campus of New York University Abu Dhabi, featuring a 12-hour indoor relay race in support of the #StepWithRefugees campaign.

The target is to reach 409 km in honor of Eva, a 9-year-old refugee who covered that distance in 12 days while fleeing from South Sudan to Ethiopia. Additionally, the documentaries “Desperate Journeys” and “4.1 Miles” will be screened.

The UNHCR’s website is also carrying stories of hope and inspiration, highlighting the positive impact that individuals and organizations can make on the lives of refugees. A case in point is a football camp being conducted in Uganda by coaches from the Italian football club Sampdoria. Youths from refugee and host communities are taking part in the three-day training program.

Coaches Marco Bracco and Roberto Morosini said they want to offer hope and show their solidarity with young football lovers.

“Refugees face a lot of problems, so maybe for three days they can focus only on football,” Bracco said. “It was our little dream, and now we are here and we are very happy.”

One of the program’s participants is 14-year-old Patrick Amba, whose family fled South Sudan three years ago. They walked for days until they found safety across the border in Uganda, which hosts more than 1 million refugees, most of them from South Sudan. “When I play football, I am happy,” said Amba. “I feel like I am an important member of the community, and I can share my ideas.”

Another account is of the kindness many Venezuelans fleeing their country have experienced in neighboring Colombia.

Among the 1.3 million Venezuelans who have found safety across the border are 140,000 who arrived in 2018 in Riohacha, a small city in a strained and impoverished region where they struggle to find shelter and food. Grandpa’s House, a care center that used to host seniors who had been left alone, has increased its capacity in response to the influx.

The UNHCR report describes the effect of Venezuelans’ arrival on 75-year-old Morato Martinez, a Colombian who spends his days painting the walls of Grandpa’s House. One of his latest murals depicts a couple of grandparents holding hands. It reads: “Grandparents are people full of love.”

Martinez said: “This painting had only an abstract meaning until we met the families from Venezuela. Now it has a real meaning.”

The uplifting accounts from Uganda and Colombia form the backdrop to Grandi’s observation that “while language around refugees and migrants is often divisive, we are also witnessing an outpouring of generosity and solidarity, especially by communities who are themselves hosting large numbers of refugees.”

In fact, despite the negative trends, the global refugee situation in 2018 saw some positive developments, including enhancement of regional response plans.

For instance, as a follow-up to the 2016 New York Declaration for Refugees and Migrants, which recognized the need for a comprehensive, global approach to migration, the Global Compact on Refugees (GCR) was formally adopted at the UN General Assembly on Dec. 17, 2018.

The comprehensive approach to specific refugee situations, as highlighted by the GCR, emphasizes the importance of national and regional arrangements.

The recommended responses include galvanizing political commitment, facilitating sustained engagement of development actors in support of host communities, and supporting comprehensive policy initiatives that seek to ease pressure on host countries and encourage self-reliance.

As Grandi said, in an effort to counter superficial narratives being used by populist politicians to foster opposition to refugees, “we must build on positive examples and redouble our solidarity with the many thousands of innocent people who are forced to flee their homes each day.”