AKP’s local election losses could mean foreign policy trouble for Erdogan

President Recep Tayyip Erdogan’s ruling Justice and Development Party lost control over the capital Ankara and economic powerhouse Istanbul in Sunday’s vote. (Reuters)
Updated 03 April 2019

AKP’s local election losses could mean foreign policy trouble for Erdogan

  • Ankara, in the short term, is going to find itself in a huge dilemma, expert tells Arab News

ANKARA: There could be repercussions for Turkey’s foreign policy following losses for the president’s party in local elections, experts have told Arab News.
President Recep Tayyip Erdogan’s ruling Justice and Development Party (AKP) lost control over the capital Ankara and economic powerhouse Istanbul in Sunday’s vote.
International challenges include a clash with the US over plans to buy an air defense system from Russia and a reduced US presence in northern Syria.
The US has halted delivery of equipment related to the F-35 fighter aircraft to Turkey.
US officials have told their Turkish counterparts they will not receive further shipments of F-35 related equipment needed to prepare for the arrival of the stealth fighter aircraft, sources have told Reuters.
Washington’s step to block delivery of the jet comes amid fears in the US and other NATO allies, that radar on the Russian S-400 missile system will learn how to spot and track the F-35, making it less able to evade Russian weapons.
Dimitris Tsarouhas, a visiting scholar at Georgetown University, said Ankara and Erdogan had invested in the partnership with Russia while distancing themselves from the US.
“In that context, relations with countries like Russia will continue to prosper in the coming period,” he told Arab News.
But there would be consequences in terms of the continuing rapprochement with Bashar Assad’s regime in Syria. Tensions with the US would continue and Washington’s recent refusal to ship training equipment for the fighter jet project was an early indication of the fallout, he added.
Erdogan insists the Adana Protocol gives his country the right to intervene militarily in neighboring Syria. Turkey and its Syrian opposition proxies control part of northern Syria, and Ankara has repeatedly threatened another military operation against Kurdish fighters on its southern border.
But the Foreign Ministry in Damascus has accused Ankara of breaching the Adana deal throughout Syria’s war. In addition, Moscow and Ankara are at odds over who would control a proposed “safe zone” along Turkey’s border with Syria.
Tsarouhas said relations with the EU would continue to be characterized by their transactional nature. Mutual interests would lead to policy cooperation in select areas, he said, but without leading to real convergence between the two sides.
Government officials on the campaign trail often blamed foreign powers for currency fluctuations, with the lira dropping almost 30 percent against the dollar in last year’s currency crisis.
Karol Wasilewski, an analyst at the Warsaw-based Polish Institute of International Affairs, said Erdogan and his party would have to deal with the effects of his “electoral foreign policy” and that tension with the US was just one example of that.
“The situation may induce Erdogan to lead a more pragmatic foreign policy and to reduce the traditional West-bashing,” he told Arab News.
He was not convinced by suggestions that Erdogan would change his tune and become “a perfect” Western ally. “It would be rather the form and not the essence that would change. While Turkey may be less confrontational toward the West, simply because Erdogan wouldn’t need his anti-Western discourse to mobilize his electorate, Turkey would continue to be self-confident and assertive international player concentrated on national interests.”
Dr. Kerim Has, a Moscow-based Russia analyst, said Ankara in the short-term was going to find itself in a huge dilemma and that zigzagging remained the key feature of Turkey’s foreign policy.
“Erdogan urgently needs money and financial support from the West to overcome the deepening economic crisis in Turkey, whereas he is obliged to coordinate its policy and activities with Moscow in order not to get into trouble in Syria,” he told Arab News. “A similar quandary is likely to become more prominent and collisional between the S-400 missiles versus the F-35 fighter jets.”
Ankara may be pushed to reluctantly keep the ball rolling for a little while longer with Moscow, at least until it comes up with a creative solution to its economic problems, according to Has.
“Turkish authorities will also likely soon facilitate the ‘job’ of its Russian partners with the Syrian regime for a military offensive in Idlib. At the same time, Erdogan will probably try to find a tangible compromise with the US on northeastern Syria and the Kurdish issue specifically.”
Turkish Foreign Minister Mevlut Cavusoglu is set to meet with his US counterpart Mike Pompeo and National Security Adviser John Bolton on the sidelines of a NATO meeting in Washington on Thursday.

Cairo turns to Tokyo for a lesson on education

Updated 23 August 2019

Cairo turns to Tokyo for a lesson on education

  • The Japanese education system is recognized as one of the top five worldwide

CAIRO: Egypt is seeking Japan’s help to improve its education system, which has fallen to 130th place in international rankings.

The Japanese education system is recognized as one of the top five worldwide, and Cairo is hoping to apply key aspects of Japan’s approach to the Egyptian curriculum.

Education has played a major role in transforming Japan from a feudal state receiving aid following World War II to a modern economic powerhouse. 

During a visit to Japan in 2016, Egyptian President Abdel Fattah El-Sisi discussed political and economic development with Japanese officials, and was also briefed on the Japanese education system.

The Egyptian leader visited Japanese schools and called on Japan to help Egypt introduce a similar system in its schools.  

As part of Egyptian-Japanese cooperation, Japan’s embassy established cultural cooperation as well as technical and professional education links between the two countries. Collaboration has been strengthened from kindergarten to post-university, with Japanese experts contributing in various education fields.

Japanese experts have held seminars in schools across the country, focusing on basic education. 

During one seminar, Japan highlighted the importance of enhancing education by playing games during kindergarten and primary school, encouraging children’s ability and desire to explore.  

Education expert Ola El-Hazeq told Arab News that the Japanese system focuses on developing students’ sense of collective worth and responsibility toward society. This starts with their surrounding environment by taking care of school buildings, educational equipment and school furniture, for example.

“Japanese schools are known for being clean,” El-Hazeq said. “The first thing that surprises a school visitor is finding sneakers placed neatly in a locker or on wooden shelves at the school entrance. Each sneaker has its owner’s name on it. This is a habit picked up at most primary and intermediate schools as well as in many high schools.”

Japanese students also clean their classrooms, collect leaves that have fallen in the playground and take out the garbage. In many cases, teachers join students to clean up schools and also public gardens and beaches during the summer holidays.

El-Hazeq added that neither the teachers nor the students find it beneath their dignity to carry out such chores.

The academic year in Japan continues for almost 11 months, different from most other countries, with the Japanese academic year starting on April 1 and ending on March 31 the following year.

Japan’s school days and hours are relatively longer in comparison with other countries. Usually the school day is from 8 a.m. to 4 p.m. Teachers normally work until 5 p.m. but sometimes up to 7 p.m. Holidays are shorter than in other countries. Spring and winter holidays are no longer than 10 days, and the summer holiday ranges from 40 to 45 days.