‘One million will march’ in Khartoum to demand civilian rule over Sudan

The Sudanese demonstrators are ready to take “escalatory measures” if a civilian government is not created. (AFP/File)
Updated 25 April 2019

‘One million will march’ in Khartoum to demand civilian rule over Sudan

  • One of the demonstration leaders said they would take “escalatory measures”
  • Three generals submit resignation from the ruling Transitional Military Council

KHARTOUM: Protest leaders in Sudan called on Wednesday for a million-strong march through the streets of Khartoum and threatened a general strike to demand a civilian government.

Thousands of demonstrators have camped outside the military headquarters in the capital since before Omar Al-Bashir was deposed as president on April 11, and have vowed not to leave until their demands are met by the transitional military council that took power.

Siddiq Farouk, one of the protest leaders, said they were “preparing for a general strike” and a march by at least a million people if the army rulers refuse to hand power to a civilian administration.

For the first time, Sudanese judges said they would join the sit-in outside army headquarters “to support change and for an independent judiciary.”

Following the announcement of the general strike, three members of the ruling Transitional Military Council submitted their resignations, but these have yet to be accepted, the council said late on Wednesday.

Those who resigned were Lt. General Omar Zain Al-Abideen, head of the TMC’s political committee; Lt. General Jalal Al-Deen Al-Sheikh, and Lt. General Al-Tayeb Babakr Ali Fadeel.

The military council, led by Gen. Abdel Fattah Al-Burhan since his predecessor quit after one day, says it will rule for a transitional period with a maximum of two years. The protesters are demanding an immediate handover of power to civilian authorities.

“We have come from Madani and we demand civilian rule,” the latest trainload of arrivals chanted on Wednesday. “Revolutionaries from Madani want civilian rule.”

The protesters suspended talks with the military council on Sunday over its refusal to transfer power immediately. The council invited the protest leaders to another meeting on Wednesday night at the presidential palace.

Military chiefs acknowledged the role of the protest alliance in “initiating the revolution and leading the movement in a peaceful way until the toppling of the regime.”

“The council is hoping that the outcome of the meeting ... will lead to resuming of talks with this umbrella group concerning the future of our homeland,” the military said.

Senior opposition figure Omar El-Digeir said protest leaders were prepared to meet directly with Burhan. “We are ready to talk with the chief of the military council and I think the issue can be solved through dialogue,” he said.

On Tuesday, the SPA and witnesses said security forces tried to break up a protester sit-in outside Khartoum’s Defense Ministry. The group instead encouraged protesters to put up more barriers and continue their demonstration. 

Displaced by conflict, Libyan students fear for their future

Updated 24 May 2019

Displaced by conflict, Libyan students fear for their future

  • “We’ve fallen behind... and I don’t even know where we will sit our final exams..." one high school student said
  • More than 75,000 people have been driven from their homes in the latest fighting

TRIPOLI: The fight for control of Libya’s capital is depriving tens of thousands of pupils of their education, with high school students displaced by the violence fretting about their future.
“We’ve fallen behind... and I don’t even know where we will sit our final exams or how they will calculate my grades,” said Mayar Mostafa, a teenager in her last year of high school.
Mostafa said the fighting has forced her and her family to flee their home in a southern Tripoli suburb, while her school has shut its doors.
All this has left her “psychologically stressed out,” she lamented.
Mostafa is among those who are living in limbo — not knowing when they will be able to resume their studies to salvage the school year, or when life as a whole might return to normal.
On April 4, strongman Khalifa Haftar launched an offensive to seize the capital Tripoli and unseat the internationally-recognized Government of National Accord (GNA).
More than 75,000 people have been driven from their homes in the latest fighting and 510 have been killed, according to the World Health Organization.
More than 2,400 have also been wounded, while 100,000 people are feared trapped by the clashes raging on the capital’s outskirts.
Fighting between Haftar’s self-styled Libyan National Army and forces loyal to the GNA continues to rage south of Tripoli, and the UN envoy has warned of a “long and bloody war.”
Mostafa remembers the day the fighting erupted, saying she was woken by “the deafening sound of machine-gun fire and cannons.”
“We had to flee our home in the midst of a decisive school year,” she said.
“I was planning to go to university next year... Now I don’t know my fate.”
According to the UN’s agency for children, UNICEF, the fighting is “directly affecting some 122,088 children.”
“The academic year has been suspended in all schools in conflict-affected areas, and seven schools are currently sheltering displaced families,” UNICEF said last month.
It noted that an “attack on an education warehouse destroyed 5 million schoolbooks and national school exam results” in April.
In many schools classes are suspended because teachers have been trapped by fighting and are unable to reach work.
According to Rachad Bader, the head of a crisis cell set up by the Libya’s education ministry, “most schools in Tripoli have remained open,” despite the violence.
“But that is not the case for schools in Ain Zara and Abou Slim” in the southern suburbs of the capital, he said.
These “are the areas hardest hit by the military operations,” Bader added.
“I hope that the fighting will stop soon, otherwise we will have to look for alternatives for displaced children so that they won’t have to loose their school year,” he said.
The education ministry has given time off to teachers and students for the holy Muslim fasting month of Ramadan which began on May 6, hoping that by the end of that period fighting will have abated.
Meanwhile, in areas of Tripoli spared by the conflict, teachers have banded together to give free remedial classes during Ramadan to students displaced by the violence.
“It is generous on their part, knowing that they have sacrificed their Ramadan holiday to help us catch up,” said Mostafa, who along with 25 other students is taking maths classes.
“We are really grateful for their help in such difficult times,” she said.
But she is still afraid that she will not get good grades in her final exams.
English teacher Gofran Ben Ayad says the impromptu teaching initiative is key for the students.
“What is remarkable is that most of these students are brilliant and have shown that despite the psychological trauma they have suffered and their forced displacement, they are still able to learn,” she said.
Ahmad Bashir said he found out about the catch-up lessons through the Internet and “didn’t waste time” in registering for classes.
“My high school — the Khaled Ben Al-Walid in Ain Zara — has been closed for six weeks, and this is a decisive year,” he said.
“I don’t know what my future will be like after this war,” added Bashir, who like Mostafa is in his last year of high school.
He hopes the education ministry “will be understanding” in the timing of end-of-year exams, and take into account the plight of displaced students.