Story behind the king’s title

Updated 27 January 2015
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Story behind the king’s title

With the pledge of allegiance this week, King Salman became the third Saudi monarch to take up the title of Custodian of the Two Holy Mosques after King Fahd and King Abdullah.
Historian Hassan Al-Basha says in his book, Positions and Titles, that Saladin was the first king to take up the title as a means to attain closeness to Allah when he was fighting the Crusaders.
The second to take up the title was Mamluk Sultan Al-Ashraf Abu Nasr Barsbay in the Mamluk era, the historian said. The first Ottoman sultan to use the title was Salim I.
King Faisal was the person who first introduced the title Khadim Al-Haramain Al-Sharifain in Saudi Arabia. When the kiswa, or covering, of the Kaaba was made during his reign, King Faisal said that he did not want his name on it. He preferred to say that the kiswa was made “during the reign of the Custodian of the Two Holy Mosques.”
After King Faisal’s death, King Khaled did not use the title. However, King Fahd took up the title when he became monarch in 1982.
After the death of King Fahd, King Abdullah ascended the throne in August 2005 and asked the people not to refer to him as “King of Hearts” or “King of Humanity” because Allah is the true king and humans are His slaves.


KSA’s efforts to protect human rights lauded

President of the Human Rights Commission of Saudi Arabia, Bandar bin Mohammed Al-Aiban delivers a speech before the UN Human Rights Council during the Universal Periodic Review on November 5, 2018 in Geneva. (AFP)
Updated 19 December 2018
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KSA’s efforts to protect human rights lauded

  • The Kingdom is currently reviewing its National Human Rights Strategy that encompasses all principles aimed at protecting and promoting human rights in accordance with the teachings of Islam

JEDDAH: Dr. Bandar bin Mohammed Al-Aiban, president of the Human Rights Commission (HRC), on Monday lauded the efforts made by Saudi Arabia for the protection of human rights.
He was speaking at a panel discussion organized by the HRC in cooperation with the UN office in the Kingdom to mark the 70th anniversary of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights.
Al-Aiban said the Kingdom under the leadership of King Salman and Crown Prince Mohammed bin Salman is making all efforts to ensure protection of human rights and to raise awareness in this regard.
Protection of human rights is also a key part of Vision 2030. The plan covers several aspects of human rights such as the right to life, the right to security, health, education, empowerment of women etc., he said.
The Kingdom is currently reviewing its National Human Rights Strategy that encompasses all principles aimed at protecting and promoting human rights in accordance with the teachings of Islam.