Well No.7 that established KSA on world oil map

Updated 01 August 2015
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Well No.7 that established KSA on world oil map

DAMMAM: On April 30 1935, drilling started on test well No. 1 in Dammam. After seven months, only gas was found with traces of oil at a depth of 700 meters. So it had to be plugged. Drilling began on Dammam well No. 2 on Feb. 8, 1936, and started producing oil on June 1936 at a depth of 633 meters, with 3,840 barrels per day. This encouraged digging test wells 3, 4, 5 and 6 in Dammam.
In December 1936 geological engineer Max Steineke asked diggers to start digging the seventh deep-test well in Dammam even after getting disappointing results in the other six wells.
After 10 months, at a depth of 1,097 meters, 5.7 liters of oil was found in a flow of mud with gush of gas. At the end of 1937, after drilling to a depth of 1,382 meters, no oil was found.
During the first week of March, 1938, at a depth of 1,440 meters, Dammam No. 7 started producing commercial quantities, reaching more than 3,810 barrels per day by the end of the month.
King Abdul Aziz signed a concession agreement for oil exploration with Standard Oil Company of California (SoCal) then, and as a result, geologists flocked to the city of Dammam to start exploration.
In October 1938, the Kingdom officially announced the discovery of oil in commercial quantities from Dammam No. 7. Hence, a pipeline along the 69 km from the oilfield in Dammam was established to the Port of Ras Tanura in 1939.
The first shipment of crude oil was exported on the first of May 1939 in the presence of King Abdul Aziz.
Dammam No. 7 stands on a hill named Jabal Dhahran and continued producing oil until 1982 when, because of operational reasons, it was taken out of production after 45 years of continuous production. Neither could the first Saudi and American drillers have imagined, even after they struck oil, that Dammam No. 7 would be capable of producing not for months or years, but for several decades, or that this one well would pour out more than 32 million barrels of oil with a daily average of 1,600 barrels.
Saudi Aramco company now has more than 50,000 employees, about 550 wells in production, 20,500 km of flow-lines and pipelines and more than 60 gas-oil separator plants.


Saudi Arabia plans to create 561,000 jobs under new digital employment initiative

Updated 24 April 2019
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Saudi Arabia plans to create 561,000 jobs under new digital employment initiative

  • Qiwa program aims to achieve the Vision 2030 goal of reducing unemployment rate to 7 percent

RIYADH: Saudi Arabia has revealed ambitious plans to create more than 561,000 private-sector jobs by 2023 as part of a new digital era for the Kingdom’s labor market.

Minister of Labor and Social Development Ahmad Al-Rajhi made the announcement at the launch of the Qiwa online platform, which aims to combine all the country’s employment services under one electronic roof.

Through digitalization, the Ministry of Labor and Social Development hopes to not only boost job opportunities for Saudi men and women, but also improve workplace efficiency and productivity, and attract international investment.

Al-Rajhi said: “The ministry has entered into partnerships and agreements to settle more than 561,000 job opportunities in the private sector until 2023,” and the minister added that 45,000 Saudis had entered the labor market in the last three months.

The new labor force platform will consolidate employment-related e-services already offered to job seekers, employees and employers and plans are in the pipeline to plug a further 71 services into the system.

The Qiwa program aims to provide Saudi government officials with a data mine of statistical information to tackle business challenges facing employers and employees, help create new job opportunities, and achieve the Vision 2030 goal of reducing the country’s unemployment rate to 7 percent. Another key objective is to strategically enhance the Kingdom’s business environment to make it more attractive to local and international investors.

A ministry statement issued to Arab News, said: “The Qiwa platform will have an impact on motivating investors. It will also re-engineer policies and procedures for all services provided to individuals and enterprises on a strong platform that will make a quantum leap in the business world and turn the Saudi market into an attractive market for opportunities and potential for competencies.

“The services are provided in both Arabic and English in order to enable foreign investors to benefit from the services of a strong platform,” the statement added.

The e-services include programs to encourage Saudis to access jobs in their locality by improving the workplace environment and making it more appealing to men and women.

The Kingdom’s public sector is quickly adapting to international standards and labor market demands by digitalizing services, while the ministry is using the latest business management methods to help public organizations increase the competency and productivity of workers while creating a competitive labor market that can partner with the private sector.