Well No.7 that established KSA on world oil map

Updated 01 August 2015
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Well No.7 that established KSA on world oil map

DAMMAM: On April 30 1935, drilling started on test well No. 1 in Dammam. After seven months, only gas was found with traces of oil at a depth of 700 meters. So it had to be plugged. Drilling began on Dammam well No. 2 on Feb. 8, 1936, and started producing oil on June 1936 at a depth of 633 meters, with 3,840 barrels per day. This encouraged digging test wells 3, 4, 5 and 6 in Dammam.
In December 1936 geological engineer Max Steineke asked diggers to start digging the seventh deep-test well in Dammam even after getting disappointing results in the other six wells.
After 10 months, at a depth of 1,097 meters, 5.7 liters of oil was found in a flow of mud with gush of gas. At the end of 1937, after drilling to a depth of 1,382 meters, no oil was found.
During the first week of March, 1938, at a depth of 1,440 meters, Dammam No. 7 started producing commercial quantities, reaching more than 3,810 barrels per day by the end of the month.
King Abdul Aziz signed a concession agreement for oil exploration with Standard Oil Company of California (SoCal) then, and as a result, geologists flocked to the city of Dammam to start exploration.
In October 1938, the Kingdom officially announced the discovery of oil in commercial quantities from Dammam No. 7. Hence, a pipeline along the 69 km from the oilfield in Dammam was established to the Port of Ras Tanura in 1939.
The first shipment of crude oil was exported on the first of May 1939 in the presence of King Abdul Aziz.
Dammam No. 7 stands on a hill named Jabal Dhahran and continued producing oil until 1982 when, because of operational reasons, it was taken out of production after 45 years of continuous production. Neither could the first Saudi and American drillers have imagined, even after they struck oil, that Dammam No. 7 would be capable of producing not for months or years, but for several decades, or that this one well would pour out more than 32 million barrels of oil with a daily average of 1,600 barrels.
Saudi Aramco company now has more than 50,000 employees, about 550 wells in production, 20,500 km of flow-lines and pipelines and more than 60 gas-oil separator plants.


Crown prince award ‘will build Saudi-Sino cultural bridges’

Updated 54 min 58 sec ago
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Crown prince award ‘will build Saudi-Sino cultural bridges’

ARAB NEWS BEIJING: Leading academics and literary talents from Saudi Arabia and China will be honored under an award scheme sponsored by Saudi Crown Prince Mohammed bin Salman.
Saudi Arabia’s Minister of Culture Prince Badr bin Abdullah bin Farhan announced the Prince Mohammed bin Salman Award for Cultural Cooperation between the Kingdom and China during a visit to King Abdul Aziz Public Library at Peking University in Beijing on Thursday.
The announcement was made on the eve of the Saudi crown prince’s visit to China, the latest stop on an Asian tour.
The cultural cooperation award will honor leading academics, translators and high-achievers from the Kingdom and China in the categories: Best scientific research in Arabic, best artistic work, best Chinese-Arabic book translation and vice versa, person of the year, and most influential person of the year in the cultural milieu.
Prince Badr bin Abdullah bin Farhan said: “This partnership is in the name of Crown Prince Mohammed bin Salman and represents the common commitment to build cultural bridges between the two countries, developing cultural exchange, and promoting artistic and academic opportunities for our citizens.”
He said the yearly award will promote language, literature, and Arabic and creative arts in China, and encourage cultural exchange.
The Kingdom and China have a long history of cultural cooperation, including the annual Arabic Arts Festival.
The King Abdul Aziz Public Library at Peking University was inaugurated in 2017 during King Salman’s official visit to China, where he received an honorary doctorate degree.