NEOM and The Line: a Saudi blueprint for the global future of urban living

NEOM project a futuristic $500 billion megacity development to be built in northern Saudi Arabia.(NEOM/Gary Cummins)
NEOM project a futuristic $500 billion megacity development to be built in northern Saudi Arabia.(NEOM/Gary Cummins)
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Updated 14 January 2021

NEOM and The Line: a Saudi blueprint for the global future of urban living

NEOM and The Line: a Saudi blueprint for the global future of urban living
  • Experts reveal why the megaprojects are so important, and what sets them apart from other smart-city developments
  • ‘I know we are on the edge of the future and I can’t wait for Saudi Arabia to be the first to carry this through’

JEDDAH: The launch of The Line — a revolutionary 170-kilometer, zero-carbon, urban-development project featuring several of hyper-connected communities — sparked massive interest worldwide when it was unveiled this week. It is also proving hugely popular among Saudis, who see it as their nation’s most ambitious project to date.

Arab News spoke to some of the experts who played vital roles in developing the Kingdom’s infrastructure to find out why The Line is so significant and what sets it apart from other smart-city projects, and to provide deeper insight into the innovations at the heart the wider NEOM project, a futuristic $500 billion megacity development.

Saudi engineer Faisal Abdul Aziz Abdullah Alzaibag has more than 12 years of experience in the management and implementation of megaprojects, and professional qualifications in planning smart cities from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT). He believes The Line represents a glimpse into the future of the world.

“More humans live on earth than ever before and cities are obliged to cope with our new demands,” he said. “At our current rate of expansion — and with how cities are designed today — studies show that in the very near future, cities will just not have the capacity to sustain.”

He said that it is great to see Saudi Arabia launch such a pioneering, “globally unmatched” project as The Line.

“The Line stands alone as the first smart-city project where today’s breakthrough science and engineering technologies are brought to life in the pinnacle of what a smart city is: a city that embodies redefining design, innovation and technology, built on the five new pillars that make a city a smart one — proximity, density, diversity, mobility and sustainability,” he added.

As an expert in his field, Alzaibag said it is very exciting that Saudi Arabia is at the forefront of tackling urban problems and pioneering a shift toward the smart cities of the future.

Contrary to popular belief, he said, the automobile revolutions of the past expanded cities so much that they became unsustainable, and adversely affected living conditions.

“This also made cities take a Euclidean zoning, or single-use zoning, (approach) that results in unsustainable loads on our infrastructure, energy and transportation and mobility trends, among other fundamental matters,” he explained. “This is why ‘smart application’ today calls for a change.

“The paradigm shift long sought by engineers and city planners is to revamp cities and their definition, to treat all those problems using new avant-garde design strategies and engineering applications that move us through our living cities from far-away single-use zones to closer multi-use zones; hence the 5-minute walk (concept of pedestrian mobility in modern urban design).”

Stressing the importance of the five pillars he mentioned, Alzaibag said that The Line offers a new template for what a smart city should be, and its resultant “effect on livability.”

“As a practitioner I know we are on the edge of the future and I can’t wait for Saudi Arabia to be the first to carry this through,” he added.

There will be no roads or cars in The Line, which positions it to be the first smart-city project to solve a problem known as the fundamental law of congestion. This states that when huge amounts of money are spent on new roads to cope with expanding cities and increasing traffic, within about five years the amount of traffic has increased in proportion to the added infrastructure — and so everyone is back to square one.

Alzaibag also highlighted the importance of NEOM’s plans to use efficient renewable energies and adopt decentralized infrastructure systems that use micro-grids for power. This means units will be fully self-sustainable, which is a major departure from the traditional heavily centralized and costly energy infrastructure widely used today.

A zero-emissions city built around nature, without cars or roads, represents a modern way of thinking about integrating developments with the natural environment rather than replacing it.

“As a designer, it’ll be interesting to see if the city forms a chain of superblock clusters connected via an efficient mass-transit system,” Alzaibag said. A smart and efficient transit system will make travel easier and give residents a chance to reclaim personal time they can use to improve their health and wellbeing, he added.

“I see The Line as being resilient, relating to the economic concept where blockchain and fractionalized ownership could change our definition of how we understand multipurpose and multiuse space and real estate,” he said.

The Line’s communities will be cognitive, meaning that they will “learn” through constant interaction with their residents to become more efficient, sustainable and resilient. This will be powered by artificial intelligence, and the aim is to use an estimated 90 percent of available data to enhance infrastructure capabilities — far beyond the 1 percent typically utilized in existing smart cities.

Tom Hudson, the managing director of strategic advisory firm Kestrel Global and an advisor to some of the world’s most innovative tech companies, attended the unveiling of NEOM during the first Future Investment Initiative in Riyadh in 2017, and has toured the site.

“It is quite literally a blank canvas, which stretches from the Maldivian-style islands in the crystal clear waters of the Red Sea in the West, across the desert, to the mountains in the East,” he said.

NEOM is essentially “a country within a country,” he added, and because it being built from scratch it brings with it a wealth of opportunities.

“For the past three years almost all my tech clients, whether they be in mobility, energy or waste, for example, have had fascinating conversations with the various NEOM divisions about making the vision a reality,” he said.

“The announcement (of The Line, which) puts the planet and people at its heart, is an exciting moment in the story of what is one of the biggest projects in the world. I believe that this will truly be a beacon to show the rest of the world how humans can live alongside nature in a totally sustainable way, with technology allowing residents to optimize their lives with minimal impact on the environment.”

All of the energy used by NEOM will be 100 percent renewable — including solar, wind and hydrogen-based power generation — to ensure clean, pollution-free urban environments.

Groundbreaking technology provided by the company Solar Water will help NEOM achieve its aim of revolutionizing the process of desalination.

In an exclusive interview with Arab News, Solar Water CEO David Reavley said that it “felt great to be a part of the entrepreneurial process and innovation” in Saudi Arabia.

He added: “Our game-changing desalination technology is 100 percent carbon-neutral and entirely sustainable. In NEOM we have found a partner that has a strong vision of what a new future looks like, in harmony with nature.”

NEOM could therefore play a key role in solving one of the world’s most pressing problems: the lack of access to fresh water for many people. More than a billion people around the world do not have access to clean water every day, so the Solar Water/NEOM desalination project will serve as a test case for other water-scarce countries that struggle to produce environmentally safe and sustainable sources of fresh water.

Construction of The Line is scheduled to start in the first quarter of this year.

“It is a great moment of pride for me,” said Salma Al-Sheikh, a professor in Jeddah: “What I love most about Vision 2030 is that it is not just about having the greatest ideas, but that it incorporates human welfare.

“The Line aims to create 380,000 jobs and contribute SR 180 billion ($38 billion) to domestic GDP by 2030. I see a lot of opportunities for Saudis in fields beyond our imagination.”

NEOM is the brainchild of Saudi Crown Prince Mohammed bin Salman, and a crucial part of Saudi Vision 2030, which aims to diversify the Kingdom’s economy and play a leading role in global development.
 


Saudi Arabia and Greece sign defense agreement

Saudi Arabia's Crown Prince Mohammed bin Salman meets Greece's Foreign Minister Nikos Dendias. (SPA)
Saudi Arabia's Crown Prince Mohammed bin Salman meets Greece's Foreign Minister Nikos Dendias. (SPA)
Updated 1 min 32 sec ago

Saudi Arabia and Greece sign defense agreement

Saudi Arabia's Crown Prince Mohammed bin Salman meets Greece's Foreign Minister Nikos Dendias. (SPA)

RIYADH: Saudi Arabia and Greece signed an agreement on Tuesday related to defense cooperation during a series of ministerial meetings in Riyadh.
Foreign Minister Prince Faisal bin Farhan met his Greek counterpart Nikos Dendias along with Greece’s Minister of National Defense Nikolaos Panagiotopoulos.
At the beginning of the meeting, the foreign ministers signed an agreement regarding draft arrangements for the legal status of the Greek armed forces participating in supporting the Kingdom’s defense capabilities.
Prince Faisal then held official talks with the two visiting ministers to discuss bilateral relations, the Kingdom’s foreign ministry said.
They also exchanged views on regional and international issues of mutual concern.
Following the meeting, Panagiotopoulos said “Greece and Saudi Arabia are linked by strong friendships, have common concerns about current geostrategic challenges and a common vision for the future.”
Minister of State for Foreign Affairs Adel Al-Jubeir also held talks with Dendias and his accompanying delegation.
Nayef Al-Hajraf, secretary general of the Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC), met Dendias and Panagiotopoulos, where he stressed the importance of growing Gulf-Greek relations.
Al-Hajraf and Dendias signed a memorandum of understandingfor consultations on issues of common interest between the GCC’s General Secretariat and the Greek government.
Al-Hajraf said the agreement included a mechanism for cooperating and consulting in the political, economic, commercial and investment fields.


Saudi king and crown prince offer condolences over Egypt train accident

Saudi king and crown prince offer condolences over Egypt train accident
Updated 48 min 11 sec ago

Saudi king and crown prince offer condolences over Egypt train accident

Saudi king and crown prince offer condolences over Egypt train accident
  • At least 11 people were killed and nearly 100 injured when a train derailed outside Cairo

RIYADH: Saudi Arabia’s King Salman sent a cable of condolences and sympathy to Egyptian President Abdel Fattah El-Sisi, following a train accident in Qalyubia province, north of the capital.
At least 11 people were killed and nearly 100 injured on Sunday when four train carriages derailed in the city of Banha. The train was traveling to the Nile Delta city of Mansoura from Cairo.
The king said: “We received the news of a train accident in Qalyubia province in Egypt on April 18 resulting in deaths and injuries.
“We send to Your Excellency and to all the families of the deceased our deepest condolences and sincere sympathy,” King Salman adding, wishing the injured a speedy recovery.
Crown Prince Mohammed bin Salman sent a similar cable to the Egyptian president.


Saudi Arabia records 12 COVID-19 deaths, 1,070 new cases

Saudi Arabia records 12 COVID-19 deaths, 1,070 new cases
Updated 20 April 2021

Saudi Arabia records 12 COVID-19 deaths, 1,070 new cases

Saudi Arabia records 12 COVID-19 deaths, 1,070 new cases
  • The Kingdom said 940 patients recovered in past 24 hours
  • The highest number of cases were recorded in Riyadh with 483

RIYADH: Saudi Arabia recorded 12 new COVID-19 related deaths on Monday, raising the total number of fatalities to 6,846.
The Ministry of Health confirmed 1,070 new confirmed cases reported in the Kingdom in the previous 24 hours, meaning 407,010 people have now contracted the disease. 
Of the total number of cases, 9,626 remain active and 1,105 in critical condition.
According to the ministry, the highest number of cases were recorded in the capital Riyadh with 483, followed by Makkah with 209, the Eastern Province with 157, Madinah recorded 44, and Asir confirmed 39 cases.

The ministry also announced that 940 patients had recovered from COVID-19, bringing the total number of recoveries in the Kingdom to 390,538.
The ministry renewed its call on the public to adhere to the measures and abide by instructions.
The coronavirus pandemic has affected over 141 million people globally and the death toll has reached around 3.01 million.


Saudi Arabia’s crown prince and China’s president discuss climate change

Saudi Crown Prince Mohammed bin Salman held talks with Chinese President Xi Jinping to strengthening relations. (File/SPA/AFP)
Saudi Crown Prince Mohammed bin Salman held talks with Chinese President Xi Jinping to strengthening relations. (File/SPA/AFP)
Updated 20 April 2021

Saudi Arabia’s crown prince and China’s president discuss climate change

Saudi Crown Prince Mohammed bin Salman held talks with Chinese President Xi Jinping to strengthening relations. (File/SPA/AFP)
  • Kingdom is working to organize an annual summit for the Middle East Green Initiative, with China as a major partner
  • They also discussed cooperation in the fields of energy, trade and technology

RIYADH: Saudi Arabia’s Crown Prince Mohammed bin Salman made a phone call to Chinese President Xi Jinping on Tuesday, Saudi Press Agency reported.
During the call, the two leader reviewed the recently announced Saudi Green Initiative and the Middle East Green Initiative to combat environmental challenges in the region.
The crown prince announced the two initiatives in late March that aim to form partnerships with regional countries to tackle afforestation, reduce carbon emissions by 60 percent, and protect the marine environment, among other projects.
The crown prince and the president discussed the contributions of these two initiatives toward achieving global targets to combat climate change, and their influential role in raising the quality of life in the region and the world at large.
The crown prince said the Kingdom is working to organize an annual summit for the Middle East Green Initiative in the presence of leaders and officials in the environmental field, adding that China will be a major partner for the initiative.
The Chinese president said Beijing supported both initiatives, stressing the importance of their support by the international community.
Xi told the crown prince that China wants to advance its strategic partnership with the Kingdom.
The crown prince and the president also discussed cooperation in the fields of energy, trade and technology.
Prince Mohammed said his country was ready to strengthen the interconnection between the Kingdom’s Vision 2030 and China’s Belt and Road Initiative.
During the call, Xi said Beijing “is willing to work with Saudi Arabia and other members of the international community to build an equitable climate governance regime that is cooperative and beneficial to all,” Xinhua news agency reported.
The Chinese president also called for joint efforts to comprehensively and effectively implement “the Paris Agreement on climate change in accordance with the principle of common but differentiated responsibilities.”


Saudi-led Arab coalition intercepts Houthi drone launched towards Khamis Mushait

Saudi-led Arab coalition intercepts Houthi drone launched towards Khamis Mushait
Updated 20 April 2021

Saudi-led Arab coalition intercepts Houthi drone launched towards Khamis Mushait

Saudi-led Arab coalition intercepts Houthi drone launched towards Khamis Mushait

DUBAI: The Saudi-led Arab coalition intercepted and destroyed a Houthi drone targeting Saudi Arabia’s Khamis Mushait on Tuesday, state TV Al-Ekhbariya reported.

The Kingdom has seen an increase in attacks by the militia after the US delisted the Houthis from the list of terrorist organizations.

Last month, Yemen’s Foreign Minister Ahmed bin Mubarak condemned recent attacks by the Houthis, saying that they hindered the peace process and blamed Iran for the ongoing crisis in the country.
“The Iranian interventions have become a formidable obstruction to peace as Iran has turned the Yemeni conflict into a negotiating card that Iranian regime capitalizes on to serve its nuclear negotiations,” he said.