Updated 24 November 2019
Arab News

Egypt’s most interesting archaeological discoveries

This week, Egypt unveiled a cache of 75 wooden and bronze statues and five lion cub mummies decorated with hieroglyphics. In light of the discovery, here are some of the most interesting archaeological finds from the country.

  • The Rosetta Stone

    A decree written in three different languages by a council of priests in 196 B.C. The text affirms the right of the then-13-year-old pharaoh Ptolemy V to rule Egypt.

  • Valley of the Golden Mummies

    In the mid-1990s, a team of archaeologists excavated an ancient cemetery of more than 100 mummies, some adorned with gilded masks and chest plates.

  • Temple of Bastet

    Dedicated to Bastet, the Egyptian deity who took the form of a cat, the 2,200-year-old temple was built under the streets of modern-day Alexandria.

  • Khufu’s Ship

    Discovered by Egyptian archaeologist Kamal El-Mallakh in 1954, Khufu’s Ship is one of the best-preserved vessels from antiquity.

  • Queen Hatshepsut’s Mummy

    The Ancient Egyptian queen’s coffin was uncovered in 1903, but deemed unimportant and kept in storage until DNA analysis of a missing tooth positively identified the mummy.

  • Temples at Abu Simbel

    The two temples, constructed during the reign of Ramses II circa 1244 B.C., were buried in sand until 1817, when Italian archaeologist Giovanni Belzoni uncovered the entrance.