Saudis look forward to critical thinking and philosophy lessons in schools

The introduction of the subjects aims to encourage more tolerant attitudes toward people with different values and beliefs, and to eliminate intellectual extremism. (SPA)
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Updated 18 November 2020

Saudis look forward to critical thinking and philosophy lessons in schools

  • It is hoped the subjects will increase tolerance and understanding, and encourage students to think for themselves

JEDDAH: Preparations are under way for the introduction of classes in critical thinking and philosophy in Saudi schools, education minister Hamad Al-Asheikh said. Saudi educators and students welcomed the news.

The minister gave the update to the plans, first announced in December 2018, on Monday during an event organized by King Abdul Aziz Center for National Dialogue to mark the International Day for Tolerance. The introduction of the subjects aims to encourage more tolerant attitudes toward people with different values and beliefs, and to eliminate intellectual extremism.

“The Ministry of Education seeks to solidify the values of tolerance and human understanding in student circles, which act as a pillar to strengthen tolerance in society through multiple practices targeting the student’s personality, thought and behavior,” said Al-Asheikh.

Lecturer Abdulrahman Al-Haidari, who has been teaching English at Umm Al-Qura University in Makkah for 18 years, said he has always found it important to ask his students challenging questions that encourage them to think for themselves.

“In my view, a successful teacher is one who promotes among students the capacity to convey their own desired meanings,” he said. Educators who fail to do this limit their students “to simple root-learning activities in which they merely mimic and reproduce the same phrases presented to them in their textbooks,” he added

The biggest challenge he faces as a teacher is encouraging students to come up with their own thoughts and understanding of ideas, including opinions that differ from his.

“Our needs today impose new challenges upon us to form new ways of thinking — challenges of keeping a solid identity truthful to our heritage — and at the same time, allow a much larger margin to tolerate and accept other world views and beliefs,” said Al-Haidari.

The modern education system, which is still relatively new, is a “rewiring” of its predecessor, which concentrated on “providing a new nation with a sense of identity as Muslims and unity as Saudis,” he said.

The introduction of new subjects such as critical thinking and philosophy can help to influence national security as well, Al-Haidari believes.

“Due to our country’s great heritage and location as the custodian of Islam and the two Holly Mosques, our current educational system produces learners who are strongly attached to the Islamic faith,” he said. “Without providing our youth with solid critical-thinking capacities, we simply throw them in harm’s way by making them vulnerable and susceptible to evil political entities disguised with a fake Islamist facade.”

Sara Al-Rifai, an English lecturer at a university in Jeddah, said she strongly supports the introduction of the new subjects.

“By introducing critical thinking and philosophy into the curriculum, students take charge of their own learning experiences,” she said. “They learn how to think outside the box, ask the right questions, be more creative, solve problems and take the right decisions.”

These are skills, she added, that help to prepare young people to join a diverse work environment as adults who can navigate the real-life challenges they will face.

Al-Rifai believes it is important that the Kingdom is investing in Saudi youth, who are major stakeholders in the country’s Vision 2030 development plan.

“When students develop critical-thinking skills and become familiar with different life-related philosophies, they accept and respect different opinions and see life from different perspectives,” she said. “Hence they become more accepting and tolerant of living in a culturally diverse society.”

Abdan Al-Abdan, a graduate in political science and theory, said that the addition of the subjects to the curriculum will encourage young to question social-media fallacies.

“This step should help students — who are citizens who participate in the prosperity of the country — to clearly think through arguments, stories or basic dialogue, and start questioning logical fallacies,” he said.

This can help them to adopt a more analytical approach to what they read and see, and help them distinguish between what is true and what is misleading, he added.

Al-Abdan hopes the new classes will include introductory lessons on history and ancient Greek philosophy, and how Arabs helped to preserve that knowledge through the Dark Ages.

“It’s very important to mention the role of students’ ancestors in philosophy by explaining philosophy through the eras of history,” he said. “Students can then discover that it isn’t new knowledge but something our ancestors participated in and had input to.

“This way, students will feel connected and invested in what’s being taught, as many Arabs have built on Greek philosophy.”

Saudi soundsmith Molham blends Arabic rap with Western pop

Updated 6 min 24 sec ago

Saudi soundsmith Molham blends Arabic rap with Western pop

  • Artist’s eclectic taste in music speaks to a global upbringing and the Kingdom’s promising concert scene
  • Themes of Molham’s lyrics range from love to societal matters and mental-health disorders

DUBAI: The career trajectory of Jeddah-born rap artist Molham Krayem has much in common with his native Saudi Arabia, a country undergoing rapid change in different fields. Both take pride in their unique identity, having embraced the best influences of globalization and its cultural mores while preserving the distinctive textures of Middle Eastern heritage.

For Molham, the process of synthesis does not end here. His musical alchemy fuses Arabic and Khaleeji rap with Western pop melodies, creating a whole new sub-genre of music, a sound best defined by his latest track Khayali.

“Pop/rap is going to be my direction moving forward, because rap has been relatively underground in the last two decades and mainstream radio music is very melodic,” Molham told Arab News from his base in Dubai. “You can sing along to the lyrics, memorize them easily, and the melody there is really what hooks you.”

Molham’s diverse taste in music speaks to a global upbringing since childhood. Leaving Jeddah at a young age, he spent much of his early years in Ontario, Canada. “They were my formative years,” he said. “Coming back to Saudi Arabia, I had a bit of reverse culture shock getting back here. It took about a year or so before I felt integrated really well. Then I spent most of my time here.”

His discovery of music can be traced back to his high school days, when he would jot down lyrics during math class. While on breaks, he would join rap contests with his peers. Fortunately, his grades did not suffer as a result.

“Sometimes during math class, in the last couple of minutes, the teacher knew I would be writing raps, so he would end early and have me do my bit,” he said. “And the whole class would run wild. It was a conducive environment.”

Next came a move to the US, where he attended Georgetown University to study finance and economics. While there, he performed in coffee shops, talent shows and radio stations as part of a duo called 705B. It was also while here that Molham came to understand the complexities of the music industry.

After graduation, he relocated to Dubai and began plotting a course to professional fulfilment and success.

“Before, I never really saw a music career as a possibility,” he said. “As I dug deeper into what I wanted my impact in this world to be, I saw myself as an artist creating music (for) the Saudi Arabian community.”

From his very first performance, Molham knew he had made the right choice. “My first time performing publicly on stage was in Saudi Arabia,” Molham said. “That was the first time I felt the adrenaline of what it felt like to perform. The most gratifying element for me in music is performing, being with fans and having people sing along.”

Today, Saudi Arabia feels extremely friendly to concertgoers and welcoming to artists like Molham. Big music festivals such as MDL Beast and a whole new industry of studios and promoters have provided the ecosystem and the fan base he needed to launch his career.

“People began to understand my art, and that led to me wanting to give more,” he told Arab News.

Molham says he feels a close affinity with his fans and recalls the time a fan messaged him from hospital where she was recovering from PTSD. She told him his songs had helped her recuperate.

“When I hear things like that, it’s all worth it,” he said. “Seeing people’s responses and enjoyment of the music really is fuel to continue to put out music. It’s all about connecting with people.”

Molham explores a range of themes in his lyrics, from love to societal matters to mental-health disorders, broadening his appeal with a blend of English and Arabic. He launched his debut EP, The Time Is Yesterday, in March of 2018, with features from Egyptian starlet Malak El-Husseiny and Yusra J.

The medium-length album’s breakout single, Me Against the World, hit the top hip-hop charts in the Middle East and North Africa, trending across seven different countries. New singles are already in the works.

Molham says his family has supported the choices he has made in life. “My parents have always trusted me to do the things that I wanted to do,” he said.

“It’s been really incredible. Obviously, they have their opinions on certain things. But since I was a kid, I’ve been able to do what I say because I’ve built that trust with them to be able to say something and actually do it.”

As worthy as it may be, music is not Molham’s sole vocation. He is also the founder of Kraytiv Entertainment Group, a Jeddah-based record label, content studio and talent management agency. In addition, he writes for Forbes magazine, providing his take on business strategy.

Looking to the future, he plans to shuttle between Saudi Arabia and Dubai for performances and collaborations. Although the coronavirus crisis has put a break on his travels and concerts for a time, he says it has enabled him to stay focused and further channel his creativity toward music.

Molham remains optimistic despite the blows dealt by the pandemic to the global cultural industry. “We’re prepared,” he said. “The future in the Kingdom is very bright. There is a lot of opportunity in Saudi Arabia and more nurturing of talent, so talents will mature earlier. We will see a lot of superstars.”

Citing the example of K-Pop, which became a defining image for South Korea, Molham says Saudi Arabia and the other Gulf countries should recognize the value of sharing a distinctive musical style with the outside world.

“There’s a space for this genre, which I’m trying to mold and shed light on,” Molham said. “I am creating this new genre called A-pop.”

Saudi Arabia’s cultural revitalization is underway at full pelt but it is early days yet, so rap artists such as Molham remain a rare breed. Which leads to the inevitable question: What reception does he get when foreigners realize he is Saudi?

“There is still a little bit of surprise, but people are pleasantly surprised,” Molham said. “It’s something new to the mainstream. With anything new, people will be surprised. But how you introduce this newness is where the key is. You show people what you have to offer, and you make space for them to appreciate it.”

Twitter: @CalineMalek