Democracy, North Korea style: Voters cast ballots for pre-approved poll winners

Voters queue to cast their ballots for the Supreme People’s Assembly elections at the 3.26 Pyongyang Cable Factory in Pyongyang on Sunday, March 10, 2019. (AFP)
Updated 10 March 2019
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Democracy, North Korea style: Voters cast ballots for pre-approved poll winners

  • Every five years North Korea holds an election for the rubber stamp legislature
  • But in keeping with one of Pyongyang’s most enduring slogans, there is only one approved name on each of the red voting slips

PYONGYANG: North Koreans went to the polls Sunday for an election in which there could be only one winner.
Leader Kim Jong Un’s ruling Workers’ Party has an iron grip on the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea, as the isolated, nuclear-armed country is officially known.
Every five years it holds an election for the rubber stamp legislature, known as the Supreme People’s Assembly.
The exercise has all the trappings of votes elsewhere, from electoral rolls to sealed ballot boxes to scrutineers for the count.
But in keeping with one of Pyongyang’s most enduring slogans — “Single-minded unity” — there is only one approved name on each of the red voting slips.
With portraits of the leader’s father Kim Jong Il and grandfather Kim Il Sung looking down on every ballot box, voters lined up to drop their slips inside.
There is a pencil in the paneled voting booths for anyone who might wish to register dissent by crossing out a candidate’s name. But no one does.
By 6pm, the official KCNA news agency reported, all electors in all constituencies had voted, “except for those abroad or working in oceans.”
Turnout in 2014 was 99.97 percent and the vote was 100 percent in favor of the named candidates, a result unmatched anywhere else in the world.

VIDEO: Bizarre scenes as North Korea goes to the polls

“Our society is one in which the people are gathered around the respected Supreme Leader with a single mind,” election official Ko Kyong Hak said outside a polling station at the 3.26 Pyongyang Cable Factory.
Participation in the election was a citizen’s obligation, he said, “and there are no people who reject a candidate.”
An editorial in the Rodong Sinmun, the mouthpiece of the ruling party, reinforced the message.
Voters “should cast approval ballots with their loyalty to the party and the leader, absolute support to the DPRK government and the will to share their destiny with socialism to the last,” it said.
With a total absence of electoral competition, analysts say the election is held largely as a political rite to enable the authorities to claim a mandate from the people.
It was the result of “established institutional inertia and a need to legitimize the government by simulating democratic procedure,” said Andrei Lankov of Korea Risk Group.
Soviet-style Communist states had a long tradition of holding general elections, he said, even if the ruling party ignored its own rules about holding regular congresses — something the North skipped for more than 30 years.
“North Korea is just emulating all other Communist states,” he said.
“The early Communists sincerely believed that they were producing a democracy the world had never seen. So, they needed elections and it became a very important part of self-legitimization.”
The last significant government of a major country to dispense with elections altogether was Nazi Germany, he pointed out.
The North is divided into constituencies for the vote — there were 686 at the last election, when Kim stood in Mount Paektu, a dormant volcano on the border with China revered as the spiritual birthplace of the Korean people.
He received a 100 percent turnout and 100 percent in favor according to KCNA.
Some of the seats are allocated to two minor parties, the Korean Social Democratic Party and the Chondoist Chongdu Party, which has its roots in a 20th century Korean religious movement.
They are both in a formal alliance with the ruling party and analysts and diplomats say they exist largely on paper, with only small central offices maintained for propaganda purposes.
Even so, participation in the poll, like other obligatory rituals in the North, does reinforce loyalty to the government and social unity, Lankov said, “because humans love symbolism.”
It is a marked contrast to the vibrant multi-party democracy on the other side of the Demilitarized Zone dividing the peninsula, where president Park Geun-hye was ousted in 2017 after mass street protests over a corruption scandal.
For North Koreans who defect, the South’s electoral system was “definitely novel,” said Sokeel Park, of campaign group Liberty In North Korea.
“The idea that you get to cast your vote and either be on the winning side or the losing side and you don’t know what that’s going to be until the results come in — that’s a big thing.”
Sunday’s voting took place in something of a carnival atmosphere in Pyongyang, children in red neckerchiefs parading in the streets to encourage voters to attend.
Bands played at polling stations, where voters queued up in numerical order according to voter lists displayed for days beforehand, and women in flowing traditional dresses danced after casting their ballots.
Architecture student Kuk Dae Kwon, 18, said he was excited to be taking part for the first time.
Ordinary North Koreans always express total support for the authorities when speaking to foreign media, and Kuk said: “At this election we consolidate the single-minded unity around the Supreme Leader and also demonstrate the advantages of our socialism to the world.”


Controversy over South Korean ban on corporal punishment at home

Updated 12 min 57 sec ago
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Controversy over South Korean ban on corporal punishment at home

  • Reporting of child abuse rose more than 10-fold between 2001 and 2017 to 22,386 cases
  • Parental rights to physically discipline their children will be removed from the country’s civil code, an official said

SEOUL: A law allowing South Korean parents to physically discipline their children is to be scrapped, authorities said, prompting controversy in a country where hierarchical family values still predominate.
Reporting of child abuse — including neglect and emotional abuse as well as physical or sexual assaults — rose more than 10-fold between 2001 and 2017 to 22,386 cases, with 77 percent of the perpetrators known to be the victims’ parents.
“More in our society agree that child abuse is a serious social problem,” Seoul’s Welfare Minister Park Neung-hoo told reporters.
“But many are still lenient about corporal punishment. The ministry is to change this perception.”
Parental rights to physically discipline their children will be removed from the country’s civil code, he said, where they have been stated since 1960. Physical punishment was also allowed in schools until 2010.
A recent government survey showed that 76.8 percent of adult South Koreans feel corporal punishment is necessary, and Thursday’s announcement prompted controversy.
Lee Kyung-ja, head of a conservative group of parents, was adamantly opposed to any change.
“I’m going to continue beating my kids even if it requires writing a contract with them,” she told AFP.
“I’ll refuse to give them food and pay for their tuition if they don’t listen to their parents — this is how I’ll re-establish my rights as a parent.”
South Korean children have been repeatedly cited as the least happy in the OECD group of developed countries, facing a high-pressure education system and deeply rooted traditional values which emphasize obedience and respect toward parents and authority figures.
That makes young victims of domestic violence especially vulnerable, as filing a complaint or publicly criticizing a parent can be considered a disgrace — or even a “sin against heaven.”
With few facilities for abuse victims, many parents facing prosecution have their charges dropped as there is no-one else to care for their children, said youth rights activist Kang Min-jin.
Earlier this year a 12-year-old girl who had reported abuse by both her biological father and her stepfather to police was murdered by the stepparent.
“Many Koreans still view as their children as their properties, rather than separate human beings who have their own set of opinions and judgment,” said activist Kang.
But Lee Hee-bum, who leads the conservative Freedom Union group, said the government decision amounted to state interference in personal and family lives.
“One should be able to decide how to parent his or her kids independently,” he said.