G20 officials decry lack of global growth

Updated 21 April 2013

G20 officials decry lack of global growth

WASHINGTON: World finance leaders say they are determined to attack a sluggish global economy in which growth is too weak and unemployment too high. Their problem is arriving at a consensus over the proper mix of policies.
Finance ministers and central bank presidents from the world’s biggest economies issued a joint statement that papered over stark differences between opposing views.
The US and other countries are pushing for less budget austerity and more government stimulus while Germany and others contend that attacking huge budget deficits should be job No. 1.
The discussions were scheduled to wrap up yesterday with meetings of the steering committees of the 188-nation International Monetary Fund and its sister lending agency, the World Bank.
Finance Minster Ibrahim Al-Assaf was leading the Saudi delegation at the G20 and IMF/World Bank meetings in Washington.
On the sidelines of the sessions, he held separate bilateral talks with British Finance Minister George Osborne, Tunisian Development and International Cooperation Minister Al-Ameen Al-Daghri, Pakistan’s Finance Minister Shahid Amjad and Sri Lankan Finance Minister Sarath Amunugama, Zambian Finance Ministe Minister Alexander Shekotada.
The G-20 joint statement revealed no major new policy initiatives and sought to straddle the divide in the growth-and- austerity argument.
The US is being represented at the talks by Treasury Secretary Jacob Lew and US Federal Reserve Chairman Ben Bernanke.
“Strengthening global demand is imperative and must be at the top of our agenda,” Lew said in remarks before the IMF policy-setting group. “Stronger demand in Europe is critical to global growth.”
However, other nations, led by Germany, have resisted a move away from austerity programs, saying it is critical to keep making progress in getting government deficits under control.
German Finance Minister Wolfgang Schaeuble apologized to a Washington audience for being late for a speech after the G-20 discussions, saying, “On reduction of indebtedness ... we have a little bit of differences of opinion all over the world, to be very frank, and that’s the reason I am a little bit late.”
Dutch Finance Minister Jeroen Dijsselbloem, the head of the Eurogroup, encompassing the 17 finance ministers whose countries use the euro currency, said that European nations needed to keep pushing to reduce huge budget deficits but “we can and will adjust” the speed that the deficit cuts are implemented to take into account economic conditions.
The G-20 joint statement singled out the recent aggressive credit-easing moves pushed by Japanese Prime Minister Shinzo Abe, saying they were intended to stop prolonged deflation and support domestic demand.
Those comments were viewed as giving a green light to Japan’s program, which has driven the value of the yen down by more than 20 percent against the dollar since October. That sizable decline has raised concerns among US manufacturing companies that Japan’s real goal is not to fight deflation, a destabilizing period of falling prices, but to weaken the yen as a way to gain trade advantages.
To address those concerns, the G20 did repeat language it used in February that all countries should not use their currency as a trade weapon and guard against policies that could trigger currency wars.
Japanese officials told reporters following the discussions that they were pleased by the support the G20 had given them to pursue growth policies in an effort to lift the world’s third-largest economy out of its two-decade slump.
Haruhiko Kuroda, head of the Bank of Japan, said: “There has been international understanding and acceptance of this, so we can have further confidence to appropriately conduct monetary policy.”
The G-20 statement also said that there was an urgent need for the 17-nation euro currency area to move toward a banking union and reduce the “financial fragmentation” that now exists.
The communique said that “more needs to be done to address the issues of international tax avoidance and evasion in particular through havens.”
The financial crisis that hit the Mediterranean island of Cyprus earlier this year revived concern over countries that serve as tax havens.
In Cyprus, banks held more than $ 162 billion in assets, or roughly seven times the country’s total GDP. Much of that money came from wealthy Russian investors.


Global renewable power capacity to rise by 50% in five years-IEA

Updated 1 min 7 sec ago

Global renewable power capacity to rise by 50% in five years-IEA

LONDON: Global renewable energy capacity is set to rise by 50 percent in five years’ time, driven by solar photovoltaic (PV) installations on homes, buildings and industry, according to the International Energy Agency (IEA).
Total renewable-based power capacity will rise by 1.2 terawatts (TW) by 2024 from 2.5 TW last year, equivalent to the total installed current power capacity of the United States.
Solar PV will account for nearly 60 percent of this growth and onshore wind 25 percent, the IEA’s annual report on global renewables showed.
The share of renewables in power generation is expected to rise to 30 percent in 2024 from 26 percent today.
Falling technology costs and more effective government policies have helped to drive the higher forecasts for renewable capacity deployment since last year’s report, the IEA said.
“Renewables are already the world’s second largest source of electricity, but their deployment still needs to accelerate if we are to achieve long-term climate, air quality and energy access goals,” said Fatih Birol, the IEA’s executive director.
“As costs continue to fall, we have a growing incentive to ramp up the deployment of solar PV,” he added.
The cost of generating electricity from distributed solar PV (PV systems on homes, commercial buildings and industry) is already below retail electricity prices in most countries.
Solar PV generation costs are expected to decline a further 15 percent to 35 percent by 2024, making the technology more attractive for adoption, the IEA said.
However, policy and tariff reforms are needed to ensure solar PV growth is sustainable and avoid disruption to electricity markets and higher energy costs, the report said.