Syrian rebels say talks with Russia over southern truce fail

A Syrian rebel fighter aims his Kalashnikov assault rifle as he stands near the frontline against government forces west of the embattled southern city of Daraa on July 3, 2018. (AFP)
Updated 05 July 2018
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Syrian rebels say talks with Russia over southern truce fail

  • More than 30 towns have already agreed to return to regime control
  • Russia insisted the army would return to its pre-2011 positions

BEIRUT: Syrian rebels said Wednesday talks with regime ally Russia over the country’s south had collapsed after Moscow threatened a renewed military offensive if they did not agree to tough surrender terms.

Russia has been backing a two-week offensive by Syrian President Bashar Assad’s forces against rebels in the southern provinces of Daraa and Quneitra.

But it is simultaneously brokering talks with rebel towns for negotiated surrenders in a carrot-and-stick strategy that Russia and the regime have successfully used in the past.

More than 30 towns have already agreed to return to regime control and talks were focused on remaining rebel territory in Daraa’s western countryside and the southern half of the city.
Rebels met with a Russian delegation on Wednesday afternoon to deliver their decision on Moscow’s proposal for a regime takeover of the rest of the south.

About 90 minutes after the meeting was set to begin, the joint rebel command for the south announced the talks had “failed.”

Russian air strikes against insurgents in southwest Syria resumed on Wednesday, residents and a war monitor said, after the failure of the talks.

“Negotiations with the Russian enemy in Busra Al-Sham have failed, after they insisted on the surrender of heavy weapons,” the command said in an online statement.

Their spokesman Ibrahim Jabbawi said the talks had not produced “any results” because Moscow had insisted rebels hand over their heavy-duty arms in one go.

“The session ended. No future meetings have been set,” Jabbawi told AFP.

A source close to the talks said rebels would be willing to hand over heavy weapons in multiple phases.

The meeting followed an hours-long session on Tuesday, in which rebels proposed the army’s withdrawal from recaptured towns and safe passage to opposition territory elsewhere for fighters or civilians unwilling to live under regime control.

Russia

But Moscow had roundly rejected the terms, the source said, and responded with a counter-proposal.

It told negotiators population transfers were not on the table in the south, although it had agreed to them in other areas like Eastern Ghouta and Aleppo.

Russia insisted the army would return to its pre-2011 positions, and local police would take over towns in coordination with Russian military police.

The source had said before Wednesday’s meeting that the rebels were expected to give their “final answer.”
“Today will be the last round — either the rebels agree to these terms, or the military operations resume,” the source said.

The Syrian Observatory for Human Rights said air strikes had stopped for several days to allow for negotiations.

There were no immediate reports of a resumption of bombing or other hostilities after the collapse of the talks.

Moscow has used tough deadlines in the past with rebels but has sometimes extended them.

That blend of military pressure and negotiated surrenders has expanded the regime’s control of Daraa province to around 60 percent — double what it held when it began operations on June 19.

The violence has displaced between 270,000 and 330,000 people, according to the UN, many south to the border with Jordan or west near the Israeli-occupied Golan Heights.
Both countries have kept their borders closed despite mounting calls by rights groups to let Syrians escape to safety.

Displaced families 

Some displaced families whose hometowns had fallen back under regime control have been returning, but even that journey is dangerous.

Eleven members of a single family were killed overnight in a land mine blast as they returned to Al-Mseifra, which had “reconciled” with the government, the Observatory said Wednesday.
More than 140 civilians have died since the assault began.

World powers have criticized the operation for violating a cease-fire announced last year by Washington, Amman and Moscow, but they have not managed to halt the blitz.

The United Nations Security Council will hold a closed-door emergency meeting on Thursday on the offensive.

Residents and displaced Daraa natives gathered in front of UN offices in a rebel-held town in Quneitra province to protest global inaction.

“Civilians who fled and ended up living in tents or without tents out in the open organized this protest in front of the UN offices to ask the United Nations and the world for protection and international guarantees for their lives,” said Ali Salhadi, an opposition official.

Jordanian Foreign Minister Ayman Safadi was in Moscow on Wednesday for talks with his Russian counterpart Sergei Lavrov.

Safadi called for a cease-fire in the south, saying the developing situation was of “great importance” to Jordan.

Lavrov, meanwhile, said Moscow was helping Syria’s army “convince” rebels to lay down their arms.
 


Palestinians ready for dialogue with any future Israeli leader

Updated 3 min 28 sec ago

Palestinians ready for dialogue with any future Israeli leader

  • Foreign Minister Riyad Al-Maliki: Whoever will be able to form a government, we are ready to sit with him or her in order to restart the negotiations
  • The tied vote in Israel raised the prospect of tough negotiations to build a unity government or even the end of Netanyahu’s long rule

OSLO: The Palestinians are prepared to engage in dialogue with any future Israeli leader, Foreign Minister Riyad Al-Maliki said Wednesday in Oslo, the day after general elections in Israel ended in deadlock.
“Whoever will be able to form a government, we are ready to sit with him or her in order to restart the negotiations,” Al-Maliki told reporters after the elections ended in a tie between Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu and his main challenger Benny Gantz.
Al-Maliki is accompanying Palestinian President Mahmud Abbas on a two-day visit to Oslo.
Their trip comes ahead of a meeting next week in New York of the Ad Hoc Liaison Committee of donors to the Palestinians, headed by Norway.
The tied vote in Israel raised the prospect of tough negotiations to build a unity government or even the end of Netanyahu’s long rule.
Sources in Netanyahu’s office told AFP he was canceling a planned trip next week to the UN General Assembly due to the “political context” in Israel.
Al-Maliki on Wednesday reiterated the Palestinian Authority’s insistence on a two-state solution for peace, after Netanyahu’s deeply controversial campaign pledge to annex the Jordan Valley in the occupied West Bank.
The plan, which would cover around a third of the territory, would not annex Palestinian cities such as Jericho, but they would effectively be surrounded.
UN Secretary General Antonio Guterres warned that the plan would violate international law, with his spokesman saying: “Such steps, if implemented... would be devastating to the potential of reviving negotiations and regional peace, while severely undermining the viability of the two-state solution.”